813 Naval Air Squadron

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813 Naval Air Squadron
Westland Wyvern S.4 VZ765 '181' Stretton 25.06.55 edited-2.jpg
813 Squadron Westland Wyvern S.4 strike aircraft at RNAS Stretton in 1955
Active 1940-1958
Country United Kingdom
Allegiance Northwest African Coastal Air Force
Branch Royal Navy
Type Fleet Air Arm
Garrison/HQ HMS Illustrious
RAF Gibraltar
Engagements World War II
Operation Husky
Aircraft flown
Attack Westland Wyvern
Blackburn Firebrand
Bomber Swordfish Mk I

813 Naval Air Squadron was an aircraft squadron of the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm during World War II and again post-war. It initially operated Swordfish Mk Is from the aircraft carrier Illustrious and took part in the successful raid on Taranto in November 1940.

In July 1943, the squadron was a component of RAF Gibraltar but a detachment of its Swordfish (torpedo spotter reconnaissance) was based at Tafaraoui, Algeria and assigned to the Northwest African Coastal Air Force (NACAF) for Operation Husky.[1]

From April 1944 the squadron, including a detachment of Wildcats, were deployed on the escort carrier HMS Campania operating in the Arctic Ocean on convoy duty. On 13 December 1944 two of 813's Swordfish were responsible for the sinking of German submarine U-365 by depth charges.[2]

Postwar, the squadron was tasked as a torpedo fighter unit, initially equipped with Blackburn Firebrand aircraft. Between February 1953 and April 1958 the squadron was equipped with turboprop powered Westland Wyvern strike aircraft. 813 Squadron disbanded for the last time on 22 April 1958.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richards, D. and H. Saunders, The Royal Air Force 1939-1945 (Volume 2, HMSO, 1953).
  2. ^ "Royal Navy Research Archive HMS Campania". 
  3. ^ Sturtivant, 1994, p.170
  • Bishop, Chris (ed) The Encyclopedia of 20th Century Air Warfare Amber Books, Ltd. 2004 ISBN 1-904687-26-1
  • Sturtivant, Ray The Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd, 1994, ISBN 0-85130-223-8.