Abbesses (French pronunciation: [abɛs], literally Abbesses) is a station on Paris Métro Line 12, in the Montmartre district and the 18th arrondissement. Abbesses is the deepest station in the Paris Métro, at 36 metres (118 feet) below ground, it is located on the western side of the butte (hill) of Montmartre. Access to the platforms is usually by elevators, but they can be accessed by decorated stairs.
The station opened on 31 October 1912 as part of the extension of the Nord-Sud company's line A from Pigalle to Jules Joffrin. On 27 March 1931, line A became line 12 of the Métro. The RATP has recently completed a major renovation of this station, which has returned it to its splendid original Nord-Sud condition.
The station's entrance, designed by Hector Guimard (1867–1942), is one of only two original glass covered Guimard entrances, called édicules, left in Paris. (The other being at Porte Dauphine, and at the intersection of Rue des Halles) The station entrance at Place Sainte-Opportune is a replica installed in 2000. The entrance was originally used for the Hôtel de Ville metro station, but transferred to its current location in 1970.