Academy of Saumur

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The Academy of Saumur was a Huguenot university at Saumur in western France. It existed from 1593, when it was founded by Philippe de Mornay,[1] until shortly after 1683, when Louis XIV decided on the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, ending the limited toleration of Protestantism in France.

Amyraldism[edit]

Main article: Amyraldism

The Academy was the home of Amyraldism, an important strand of Protestant thought of the seventeenth century. Also called Salmurianism or hypothetical universalism, it was a movement remaining within Calvinism.

The French theologians at Saumur, in the 17th century, taught also that Christ came into the world to do whatever was necessary for the salvation of men. But God, foreseeing that, if left to themselves, men would universally reject the offers of mercy, elected some to be the subjects of his saving grace by which they are brought to faith and repentance. According to this view of the plan of salvation, election is subordinate to redemption. God first redeems all and then elects some.[2]

The Helvetic Consensus and Westminster Confession were concerned to combat the tendency Amyraldism represented. [3]

Faculty[edit]

Students[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/encyc04/Page_34.html
  2. ^ http://www.ccel.org/ccel/hodge/theology2.iv.viii.ii.html
  3. ^ http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/encyc02.calvinism.html#calvinism-Page_362
  4. ^ a b c http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/creeds1.ix.ii.xi.html?highlight=universalis#highlight
  5. ^  "Boyd, Robert (1578-1627)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  6. ^ http://galileo.rice.edu/Catalog/NewFiles/burgrdik.html
  7. ^ http://www.ccel.org/s/schaff/encyc/encyc02/htm/iv.vi.lvi.htm
  8. ^ Michael Heyd, Orthodoxy, Non-Conformity and Modern Science: The case of Geneva, p. 110 in Myriam Yardeni (editor), Modernité et non-conformisme en France à travers les âges (1996).
  9. ^ Hubert Cunliffe-Jones, History of Christian Doctrine (2006), p. 436.
  10. ^ http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Tanneguy_Lefebvre
  11. ^ http://www.prca.org/pamphlets/Free%20Offer/chapter9.htm
  12. ^ http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Jakob_Abbadie
  13. ^ http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/encyc02.html?term=Beausobre,%20Isaac%20de
  14. ^ Daniel Garber, Michael Ayers, The Cambridge History of Seventeenth-century Philosophy Volume II (2003), p. 1402.
  15. ^ http://anglicanhistory.org/england/brevint/biographical.html
  16. ^  "Colomiès, Paul". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  17. ^ http://www.ccel.org/ccel/herbermann/cathen04.html?term=Andre%20Dacier
  18. ^ http://www.museeprotestant.org/Pages/Notices.php?scatid=132&noticeid=559&lev=1&Lget=EN
  19. ^ New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia, article Des Marets, Samuel.
  20. ^ http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Biographies/De_Moivre.html
  21. ^ http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/PYR_RAY/RAPIN_PAUL_DE_1661_1725_.html

Further reading[edit]

  • J.-P. Dray, The Protestant Academy of Saumur and its relations with the Oratorians of Les Ardilliers, History of European Ideas, 1988, p. 465-478.

See also[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainJackson, Samuel Macauley, ed. (1914). "article name needed". New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge (third ed.). London and New York: Funk and Wagnalls.