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|General Secretary of the Italian Communist Party|
10 June 1988 – 3 January 1991
|Preceded by||Alessandro Natta|
|General Secretary of the Democratic Party of the Left|
8 February 1991 – 14 June 1994
|Succeeded by||Massimo D'Alema|
|Member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies|
5 July 1976 – 29 May 2001
|Member of the Italian Senate of the Repubblic|
30 May 2001 – 27 April 2006
|Born||3 March 1936
|Political party||Left Ecology Freedom
|Italian Communist Party
Democratic Party of the Left
Democrats of the Left
Achille Occhetto (Italian pronunciation: [aˈkille okˈketto]; born 3 March 1936), is an Italian political figure. He served as the secretary-general of the Italian Communist Party (PCI) between 1988 and 1994 (which became the Democratic Party of the Left halfway through his term in 1991, also known as the PDS, then became a major part of the Democrats of the Left, which is now one of the elements of the Democratic Party).
Occhetto was born in Turin.
He served as secretary of the Italian Communist Youth Federation (to which he had belonged starting from 1953) from 1963 to 1966 and, subsequently, as regional secretary of the Italian Communist Party in Sicily, distinguishing himself for his war against any kind of mafia.
Appointed in 1986 as national coordinator of the PCI, he became then the party leader in 1988, succeeding to Alessandro Natta. During his secretarship, the party witnessed the collapse of both the Berlin wall and the communist regime in the Soviet Union. He therefore declared the communist experience as over, and dissolved the PCI in order to form a new party, the PDS, characterized by a progressive left-wing stance.
This political shift (known in Italian politics as the Svolta della Bolognina) was accepted by approximately 70% of the communist members at the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party (8 February 1991).
He came actively back in politics for the 2004 European elections, being elected to the European Parliament on a joint ticket with anti-corruption campaigner Antonio Di Pietro, but he immediately resigned to be replaced by Giulietto Chiesa. After the 2006 General election he returned to the European Parliament by taking up one of the seats vacated by an elected Deputy, and sits as an Independent member of the Party of European Socialists group.
In 2009, he joined the new left-wing formation Left Ecology Freedom.
He is an atheist.
- The name derives from the celebration of a partisan battle in World War II, during which he announced that the Communist Party could change name.
- Maria Latella, "Occhetto: pecca chi vota i vecchi DC", Il Corriere della Sera, 28 January 1994, p. 2.
|Party political offices|
|Secretary of the Italian Communist Party
|Secretary of the Democrats of the Left