Party of Italian Communists
|Party of Italian Communists|
|Founded||11 October 1998|
|Split from||Communist Refoundation Party|
|Headquarters||piazza Augusto Imperatore, 32
|European affiliation||Party of the European Left|
|European Parliament group||European United Left–Nordic Green Left (1998–2009)|
|Chamber of Deputies|
|Politics of Italy
Foundation and early years
The PdCI was founded in 1998 as a split from the Communist Refoundation Party (PRC) by Armando Cossutta, the original leader of the PRC. The main reason for the split was the unwillingness of the majority the Communist Refoundation Party to participate in the operation that toppled the Prodi I Cabinet. Fausto Bertinotti had kept the party in alliance with The Olive Tree coalition for two years, but was leaving because of disagreement over social policy. Leaving would have left the government without a majority in the Chamber of Deputies. The issue was hotly debated within the party, and in the end a few votes, coming from the Trotskyist factions, finally decided. Soon after the party joined the D'Alema I Cabinet with Oliviero Diliberto as Minister of Justice.
Most PRC MPs followed Cossutta into the new party, but the PRC secured more voters: in the 1999 European Parliament election the PdCI won 2.0% of the vote, while the PRC had the 4.3%.
Diliberto, who had been elected party secretary in 2000, led the party to continue its alliance with the other parties of the centre-left for the 2001 general election, in which The Olive Tree lost to Silvio Berlusconi's House of Freedoms. The PdCI won 1.7% of the vote and a handful of deputies and senators.
In the 2006 general election, the party was a member of the winning The Union coalition, and won 16 out of 630 deputies. The Together with the Union electoral list consisting of PdCI, Greens and United Consumers won 11 out of 315 senators. Since 2001 Diliberto had become the undisputed leader of the party and since 2005 clashes between him and Cossutta became frequent. In April 2007 the party president and founder finally left the party.
In 2006 the PdCI proposed to the PRC, the Federation of the Greens and other left-wing forces (among them the recently founded Democratic Left) the formation of a "United Left", "a left without adjectives". On 8–9 December 2007 the PdCI participated in the foundation of The Left – The Rainbow. In the 2008 general election the list gained 3.1% of the vote, thus failing to win any seats in the Italian Parliament.
Out of Parliament
In July 2008 Diliberto was re-elected party secretary during a national congress. In that occasion, after having declared the experience of a "united left" finished, he proposed to PRC the re-unification of the two parties and a "communist constituent assembly". In the run-up to the 2009 European Parliament election PdCI is looking forward to a "communist joint list" with the PRC, Critical Left and the Workers' Communist Party, but PRC leaders were not so convinced about it, even if they did not rule out the possibility, especially if a 5% threshold will be introduced.
For the 2009 European Parliament election the PdCI formed a joint list known as Anticapitalist and Communist List with the PRC, Socialism 2000 and United Consumers Originally also Critical Left was to join, but finally chose to step aside. The list received just 3.4% of the national vote and failed to return any MEPs.
Federation of the Left
In December 2009 the Anticapitalist and Communist List was transformed into Federation of the Left (FdS). The FdS held its first congress on 20–21 November 2010. Diliberto was elected spokerperson of the group by the national council.
- Secretary: Armando Cossutta (1998–2000), Oliviero Diliberto (2000–2013), Cesare Procaccini (2013–present)
- President: Armando Cossutta (2000–2006), Antonino Cuffaro (2007–2013), Manuela Palermi (2013–present)
- Honorary President: Antonino Cuffaro (2013–present)
- Party Leader in the Chamber of Deputies: Oliviero Diliberto (1998), Tullio Grimaldi (1998–2001), Marco Rizzo (2001–2004), Pino Sgobio (2004–2008)
- Party Leader in the Senate: Luigi Marino (1998–2006), Manuela Palermi (leader of the PdCI-Green's group, 2006–2008)
- Party Leader in the European Parliament: Lucio Manisco (1998–2004), Marco Rizzo (2004–2009)
- RaiNews24 - Diliberto rieletto segretario del Pdci, contro la minoranza: non rispettato il pluralismo
Media related to Partito dei Comunisti Italiani at Wikimedia Commons