The form developed in northwestern Asia Minor, but is also seen in some temples in Sicily and ancient Palestine, and is named for the Aeolian Islands. It has a strong similarity to the better known Ionic order, but differs in the capital, where a palmette is placed between the two volutes. Many examples also show simplified details compared to the Ionic.
The earliest surviving examples of the Aeolic order are contemporary with the emergence of the Ionic and Doric orders in the 6th century BC, but some authorities have suggested that the Ionic style represents a development of the Aeolic.
The Aeolic order fell out of use at the end of the Archaic Period.
- Yigal Shiloh (1979). The Proto-Aeolic capital and Israelite ashlar masonry. Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
- Philip P. Betancourt. The Aeolic Style in Architecture: A Survey of its Development in Palestine, the Halikarnassos Peninsula, and Greece, 1000-500 B.C (Princeton University Press) 1977.