The Al Dawasir (Arabic: الدواسر) is an Arabian bedouin tribe divided into clans and families. The word Dawasir is plural for Dosari (Arabic: دوسري) (which is also spelled Dosary, Dossary, Dowsary, Doseri, Dosari, Dosseri, Dossery, Dossari, etc.)
The municipality has a population of 92,714 as of the 2004 Census. It is divided into two main neighborhoods Alnowaima and Alkhamaseen.
AL Dawasir is one of the biggest tribes in Arabia, estimated to number about five hundred thousand people.
(The Valley of Al-Dawasir), and spread in various parts of the Middle East.
The tribe also either gave birth or helped the growth of cities like: al-Dammam, al-Khobar and al-Ahsa in Saudi Arabia, al-Zubara and Al-Faw in Iraq, Zallaq and Budaiya (island of Bahrain) and Kuwait. They were also inhabitants of Juzur Hawar or Islands of Hawar; which helped the Bahraini government argument to win on 16 March 2001 its dispute over the archipelago with Qatar. The Bahraini government claimed that since the island inhabitants are Bahraini then the island is therefore managed and run by the Bahraini state.
One of the richest man from the Dosari tribe in the Eastern Province is Essa Bin Ahmed Al Doseri, who was one of the most respected leaders in this Bedouin tribe. He owned land in Dhahran, Qatif, Tarrot and many more. Another most famous leader of Al Dosari tribe is the late Sheikh Ahmad bin Abullah bin Hassan also known as the 'young Sheikh'.
He is known as the founder of the city of Dammam while also maintaining his leadership over the other Dawasir clans of Bahrain. His brother moved to Al Khobar with a part of the tribe and currently the Shaikh of Dammam and of the Bahrain Dawasir clans is his son Abdulrahman bin Ahmad bin Abdullah from the same clan of Al Hassan.
It is mentioned that the origin of the tribe belongs to (Al-Azd), a famous Arabic tribe who later owned (Sad Ma'arib), or Ma’arib dam, in Yemen, in the 3rd and later 6th century AD.
Battle of A'ali
The Dawasir launched an attack on the Bahrani town of A'ali on the night of 19 Ramadan in the year 1920 or 1921 after a dispute with a group of people from A'ali. The attackers started a fire so that residents get out of their homes and kill them easily, however no one got out of their home. Because of this, the attackers started raiding homes. In the end, 3 locals and hundreds of Dawasir had been killed by residents armed with rifles and other guns. After this battle, the British Political Advisor in Bahrain of that time exiled the Dawasir to Dammam, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia, where they remain to this day.
Years after the deportation of the Dawasir, some Huwala families arrived in Bahrain from Jah Kotah and claimed to be members of the Dumkooh clan. Their origin is disputed by some Dawasir scholars such as Sahood Aldosseri who deny that some Dumkooh clansmen are of Iranian origin because there are no records proving that an immigration of such a powerful clan would happen without any records remaining. Today, the remnants of the original Dawasir who inhabited Zallaq and the Hawar Islands are still living there and the Iranian Dumookh live in Budaiya.
- يورد ج. ج. لوريمر في كتابه دليل الخليج القسم الجغرافي الجزء الاول صفحة (444 و 484
- ج ٨ ص ١٧ تاريخ الدموخ