Alberto Natusch

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This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Natusch and the second or maternal family name is Busch.
Alberto Natusch
66th President of Bolivia
In office
1 November 1979 – 16 November 1979
Preceded by Wálter Guevara
Succeeded by Lidia Gueiler
Personal details
Born Alberto Natusch Busch
(1933-05-23)May 23, 1933
Beni, Bolivia
Died November 23, 1994(1994-11-23) (aged 61)
Santa Cruz, Bolivia
Nationality Bolivian
Profession Military

Alberto Natusch Busch (May 23, 1933, Beni, Bolivia – November 23, 1994, Santa Cruz, Bolivia) was a Bolivian general and dictator of his country for a brief time in November 1979.

Background and earlier career[edit]

Natusch is of German and French descent,[1] and nephew of former President of Bolivia Germán Busch, was born in the Department of Beni, he was a career military officer who in the late 1970s rose to the rank of Colonel in the Bolivian Army. He was for many years a trusted member of the cabinet of the military dictator Hugo Banzer.

President of Bolivia following military coup[edit]

On November 1, 1979, Colonel Natusch executed a bloody coup d'état against the constitutional government of Dr. Wálter Guevara, which had been constituted by Congress just three months earlier and charged with guiding the country to elections in 1980. The stated reasons for the golpe were the alleged desire of President Guevara to extend his term beyond that established by Congress in order to enact long-term measures designed to stave off a growing economic crisis. Far more likely, it was a traditional right-wing coup staged by officers who had served in the long dictatorship of General Hugo Banzer (1971–78) and who had much to lose by an ongoing congressional investigation of alleged criminal and economic misdeeds committed during the "Banzerato."

In any case, the population resisted the Natusch coup rather heroically, led by a nationwide labor strike called by the Central Obrera Boliviana (COB) of Juan Lechín.

Failure of coup after 16 days[edit]

In the end, Natusch was able to occupy the Palacio Quemado for only sixteen days, after which he was forced to give up his quixotic struggle. The only face-saving concession he extracted from Congress was the promise that former president Guevara not be allowed to resume his duties. This condition was accepted and a new provisional president was found in the leader of the lower congressional house (the House of Deputies), Mrs. Lidia Gueiler. Almost universally reviled for the bloodshed he unleashed in the name of his personal ambitions, Colonel Natusch withdrew from public life.

Retirement and death[edit]

Retired from the military, Natusch died in Santa Cruz on November 23, 1994.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Mesa José de; Gisbert, Teresa; and Carlos D. Mesa, "Historia De Bolivia," 5th edition.
Political offices
Preceded by
Wálter Guevara
President of Bolivia
1979
Succeeded by
Lidia Gueiler