Alchemilla

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Alchemilla
Alchemilla vulgaris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Potentilleae
Genus: Alchemilla
L.
Type species
A. vulgaris
Species

See text.

Synonyms

Alchimilla P. Miller, 1754
Lachemilla (Focke) Rydb.
Zygalchemilla Rydb.
Sources: ITIS,[1] GRIN, [2] AFPD,[3] FOC[4]

Alchemilla is a genus of herbaceous perennial plants in the family Rosaceae, with the common name "lady's mantle" applied generically as well as specifically to Alchemilla mollis. There are about 300 species, the majority native to cool temperate and subarctic regions of Europe and Asia, with a few species native to the mountains of Africa and the Americas.

Most species of Alchemilla are clump-forming or mounded, perennials with basal leaves arising from woody rhizomes. Some species have leaves with lobes that radiate from a common point and others have divided leaves—both are typically fan-shaped with small teeth at the tips. The long-stalked, gray-green to green leaves are often covered with soft hairs, and show a high degree of water-resistance (see Lotus effect). Green to bright chartreuse flowers are small, have no petals and appear in clusters above the foliage in late spring and summer.[5]

Selected species
  • Alchemilla abyssinica Fresen.
  • Alchemilla alpina L. -- alpine lady's mantle
  • Alchemilla argyrophylla Oliv.
  • Alchemilla barbatiflora Juzepczuk
  • Alchemilla conjuncta Bab.
  • Alchemilla ellenbeckii Engl.
  • Alchemilla erythropoda -- Dwarf lady's mantle
  • Alchemilla filicaulis Buser -- thinstem lady's mantle
  • Alchemilla glabra Neygenf. -- smooth lady's mantle
  • Alchemilla glaucescens Wallr. -- waxy lady's mantle
  • Alchemilla glomerulans Buser -- clustered lady's mantle
  • Alchemilla gracilis Engl.
  • Alchemilla japonica Nakai & H. Hara
  • Alchemilla johnstonii Oliv.
  • Alchemilla lapeyrousii Buser -- Lapeyrous' lady's mantle
  • Alchemilla mollis (Buser) Rothm.
  • Alchemilla monticola Opiz -- hairy lady's mantle
  • Alchemilla orbiculata Ruiz & Pav.
  • Alchemilla sericata Rchb.
  • Alchemilla splendens Christ ex Favrat
  • Alchemilla subcrenata Buser -- broadtooth lady's mantle
  • Alchemilla stuhlmanii
  • Alchemilla subcrenata
  • Alchemilla subnivalis Baker f.
  • Alchemilla triphylla Rothm.
  • Alchemilla venosa Buser -- boreal lady's mantle
  • Alchemilla vulgaris L.
  • Alchemilla wichurae (Buser) Stefanss. -- grassland lady's mantle
  • Alchemilla xanthochlora Rothm.


References[edit]

Illustration of Alchemilla vulgaris from 1917–1926
  1. ^ "Alchemilla L.". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 17 May 2008. 
  2. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (2008-03-03). "Genus: Alchemilla L.". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  3. ^ "Alchemilla L.". African Plants Database. South African National Biodiversity Institute, the Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and Tela Botanica. Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  4. ^ "46. ALCHEMILLA Linnaeus". Flora of China (efloras) 9: 388. 
  5. ^ Hawke, Richard G. "An Evaluation Study of Alchemilla". Plant Evaluation Notes. Chicago Botanic Garden. Retrieved 2008-05-17. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Alchemilla at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Alchemilla at Wikispecies