He was born and died in Bologna, and is buried in the Church of Saint Martin there. He was celebrated as a lecturer both in medicine and in philosophy at Bologna and Padua, and was styled the second Aristotle.
He was also distinguished as an anatomist, among his writings being De humani corporis anatomia (Venice, 1516–1524), and Annotationes anatomicae (Bologna, 1520). He died at Bologna on 2 August 1512. Amongst his notable discoveries, he is known as the first anatomist to describe the two tympanal bones of the ear, termed malleus and incus. In 1503 he showed that the tarsus (middle part of the foot) consists of seven bones, he rediscovered the fornix and the infundibulum of the brain.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Achillini, Alessandro". Encyclopædia Britannica 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 144
- Franceschini, Pietro (1970). "Achillini, Alessandro". Dictionary of Scientific Biography 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 46–47. ISBN 0-684-10114-9.
- Herbert Stanley Matsen. Alessandro Achillini (1463–1512) and his doctrine of universals and transcendentals: a study in Renaissance ockhamism. Lewisburg, Bucknell University Press 1974
- Online Galleries, History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries High resolution images of works by and/or portraits of Alessandro Achillini in .jpg and .tiff format.