Alessandro Achillini

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Alessandro Achillini (29 October 1463 – 2 August 1512) was an Italian philosopher and physician.


He was born and died in Bologna, and is buried in the Church of Saint Martin there. He was celebrated as a lecturer both in medicine and in philosophy at Bologna and Padua, and was styled the second Aristotle.

His philosophical works were printed in one volume folio, at Venice, in 1508, and reprinted with considerable additions in 1545, 1551 and 1568.

He was also distinguished as an anatomist, among his writings being De humani corporis anatomia (Venice, 1516–1524), and Annotationes anatomicae (Bologna, 1520). He died at Bologna on 2 August 1512. Amongst his notable discoveries, he is known as the first anatomist to describe the two tympanal bones of the ear, termed malleus and incus. In 1503 he showed that the tarsus (middle part of the foot) consists of seven bones, he rediscovered the fornix and the infundibulum of the brain.

His brother was the author Giovanni Filoteo Achillini, and his grandnephew, Claudio Achillini, was a lawyer.



 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Achillini, Alessandro". Encyclopædia Britannica 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 144. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Franceschini, Pietro (1970). "Achillini, Alessandro". Dictionary of Scientific Biography 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 46–47. ISBN 0-684-10114-9. 
  • Herbert Stanley Matsen. Alessandro Achillini (1463–1512) and his doctrine of universals and transcendentals: a study in Renaissance ockhamism. Lewisburg, Bucknell University Press 1974

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