Aleu

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Aleu
The road into Aleu
The road into Aleu
Aleu is located in France
Aleu
Aleu
Coordinates: 42°53′37″N 1°16′01″E / 42.8936°N 1.2669°E / 42.8936; 1.2669Coordinates: 42°53′37″N 1°16′01″E / 42.8936°N 1.2669°E / 42.8936; 1.2669
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Ariège
Arrondissement Saint-Girons
Canton Massat
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) André Vidal
Area1 13.95 km2 (5.39 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 152
 • Density 11/km2 (28/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 09005 / 09320
Elevation 496–1,105 m (1,627–3,625 ft)
(avg. 700 m or 2,300 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aleu is a French commune in the Ariège department in the Midi-Pyrénées region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aleudiens or Aleudiennes[1]

Geography[edit]

A Street in Aleu
The Aleu Lavoir (Public Laundry)

Aleu is located some 10 km south-east of Saint-Girons and 30 km west by south-west of Foix. It can be accessed by the D618 road coming from the west and following the northern border of the commune continuing to Biert in the east. The only access to the village by vehicle is by a small mountain road branching from the D618 at Castet d'Aleu. There is a small unsealed airstrip north-east of the village at approx 1000m altitude. The commune is very rugged with extensive forests. Apart from the village, there are numerous hamlets: Castet d'Aleu, Galas d'en Bas and Galas d'en Haut, La Trappe, La Bordasse, Biech, Pinsou, La Rouere and Fontale.[2]

The Ruisseau d'Aleu rises in the south of the commune and flows north through the centre of the commune and the village gathering many tributaries and continues to join the Arac which forms the entire northern border of the commune. The Ruisseau de Loule forms most of the eastern border and also flows into the Arac. In the west the Ruisseau de Regude forms most of the border and flows north-west to join the Arac north-west of the commune.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

The commune of Aleu was created in the French Revolution superseding the Community of Aleu which was detached in 1776 from that of Soulan.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2008 Louis Gilabert
2008 2020 André Vidal

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010, the commune had 152 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,095 1,107 1,205 1,069 1,175 1,343 1,331 1,283 1,204
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,136 1,174 1,130 1,162 1,151 1,076 1,151 1,148 1,032
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
974 921 790 695 595 531 516 386 293
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2008 2010
204 211 135 127 134 122 141 146 152

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Aleu Town Hall
Aleu War Memorial
Population of Aleu

Sites and Monuments[edit]

The Church of Saint Benedict
A Monumental Cross in Aleu
  • Joubac, a small peak just above Aleu, has an airfield with a view of all the surrounding mountains and the Mont Valier mountain chain
  • Church of Saint Benedict of Aleu. The church contains a Stoup (12th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which is registered as an historical object.[4]
  • Church of Saint Roch and Saint Germaine at Castet d'Aleu (windows from the 19th century)
  • Castelet of Castet at Aleu dating from the 12th or 13th century

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Leopold Galy, born in Aleu on 12 March 1908 and died at Toulouse on 17 February 2001, was a French aviator and test pilot

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Ariège (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000003 Stoup (French)Camera aabb.svg