Montaillou

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Montaillou
Montaillou-sign.jpg
Montaillou is located in France
Montaillou
Montaillou
Coordinates: 42°47′20″N 1°53′56″E / 42.7889°N 1.8989°E / 42.7889; 1.8989Coordinates: 42°47′20″N 1°53′56″E / 42.7889°N 1.8989°E / 42.7889; 1.8989
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Ariège
Arrondissement Foix
Canton Ax-les-Thermes
Intercommunality Vallées d'Ax
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean Clergue
Area1 8.61 km2 (3.32 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 25
 • Density 2.9/km2 (7.5/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 09197 / 09110
Elevation 1,181–1,806 m (3,875–5,925 ft)
(avg. 1,325 m or 4,347 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Montaillou (occitan Montalhon) is a commune in the Ariège department in southeastern France.

History[edit]

Montaillou.jpg

The town is best known for being the subject of Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie's pioneering work of microhistory, Montaillou, village occitan. It analyzes the town in great detail over a thirty-year period from 1294 to 1324. Then a village of some 250 people, the daily routines of the people are in the records of Jacques Fournier, later Pope Benedict XII.

Montaillou was one of the last bastions of the Albigensian belief also known as Catharism, considered heresy by the dominant Roman Catholic powers. The then local bishop, Fournier, launched an extensive inquisition involving dozens of lengthy interviews with the locals, all of which were faithfully recorded, such as the arrest of the entire village in 1308. When Fournier became Pope he brought the records with him and they remain in the Vatican Library.

For details of the castle, see Château de Montaillou.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 41 —    
1968 45 +9.8%
1975 37 −17.8%
1982 20 −45.9%
1990 27 +35.0%
1999 14 −48.1%
2008 25 +78.6%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie, Montaillou: The Promised Land of Error. translated by Barbara Bray. New York: G. Braziller, c1978.
  • (French) Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie, ed., Autour de Montaillou - un village occitan; histoire et religiosité d'une communauté villageoise au Moyen Âge. Actes du colloque de Montaillou (25-26-27 août 2000). Castelnaud la Chapelle, 2001.