Ali Alatas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ali Alatas
AliAlatas.jpg
Foreign Minister of Indonesia
In office
21 March 1988 – 21 May 1998
President Suharto
Preceded by Mochtar Kusumaatmadja
In office
21 May 1998 – 20 October 1999
President Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie
Succeeded by Alwi Shihab
Personal details
Born (1932-11-04)4 November 1932
Batavia, Dutch East Indies
Died 11 December 2008(2008-12-11) (aged 76)
Singapore
Children Soraya Alatas, Nadira Alatas Sriwijanarko [1]
Fawzia Alatas-Patompo[2]
Occupation Diplomat
Religion Islam

Ali Alatas (Arabic: علي العطاسʿAlī al-ʿAṭṭās; 4 November 1932 – 11 December 2008[3][4]) was an Indonesian diplomat of Ba 'Alawi sada descent,[5][6] who served as the country's foreign minister from 1988 to 1999. He was Indonesia's longest serving foreign minister.[7]

Education and early career[edit]

Alatas graduated from the Indonesian Foreign Service Academy in 1954 and earned a law degree from the University of Indonesia in 1956. Alatas joined the Indonesian foreign service in 1954 as a 22-year-old. His early career included stints in the Indonesian embassies in Bangkok, Thailand and in Washington, DC. He was named Indonesia's ambassador to the UN, in Geneva from 1975 to 1978 and was also ambassador to the UN in New York from 1982 to 1988.[8]

As foreign minister and after[edit]

He was Indonesia's Minister for Foreign Affairs from March 1988, serving three terms under the former Suharto administration and once under the Habibie administration in May 1998,.[9] He advocated regional cooperation and played a crucial role in drafting the ASEAN Charter and the Constitution of the 10-member grouping the Eminent Persons Group.[10] He also brokered peace negotiations in several hot spots in Southeast Asia.[11]

His most famous success was his role in helping to broker peace in Cambodia, in 1991, which ended the war with the Khmer Rouge. "Alatas brokered the historic 1991 peace settlement at the Paris International Conference to end the war with the Khmer Rouge, though he had to share some of the glory with France," The Guardian wrote, calling the settlement his "greatest triumph."[8]

His obituary by Reuters said Alatas "was a widely respected figure in the region tipped at one stage to be a possible United Nations secretary-general" but that his later career was "haunted by the Suharto era and the turmoil in East Timor," the former Portuguese colony that voted for independence from Indonesia in 1999. Alatas recounted his role in the diplomatic controversy over Indonesia's annexation of East Timor in 1975 and the events leading to independence in The pebble in the shoe: The diplomatic struggle for East Timor.[7] His obituary in The Guardian argued that a 1991 massacre of anti-Indonesian demonstrators at Santa Cruz cemetery in Dili, East Timor's capital, probably prevented Alatas from taking charge of the UN. "International outrage over the deaths may have cost Alatas the top UN job, for which he was in the running in the late 1990s," The Guardian wrote. "Suharto reportedly vetoed his candidacy as he believed the role would have highlighted such abuses." Alatas later termed the Santa Cruz massacre a "turning point" for Indonesia in East Timor.[8]

On 30 March 1995 he was appointed an Honorary Officer of the Order of Australia, for service to Australian-Indonesian relations.[12]

In 2003, Alatas was appointed as the United Nations special envoy to Burma. He arrived in Burma on 18 August 2005 for a three-day visit and sought the release of Aung San Suu Kyi.[13]

Alatas served as chairman of the Presidential Advisory Council (Dewan Pertimbangan Presiden) in the Yudhoyono Administration.[14]

Death[edit]

On 11 December 2008, Alatas died at 7.30am, at the age of 76 of a heart attack at Mount Elizabeth Hospital in Singapore,[15] with his wife and his three daughters at his bedside.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Veteran Indonesian diplomat Ali Alatas dies at 76
  2. ^ [INDONESIA-L] GJA - Alatas, Sudwika
  3. ^ Former foreign minister Ali Alatas died at 76; The Jakarta Post, 11 December 2008
  4. ^ Former Indonesian minister dies; BBC, 11 December 2008
  5. ^ INTERVIEW: HAMID AL-GADRI
  6. ^ Indonesia's Radical Arabs Raise Suspicions of Moderate Countrymen
  7. ^ a b "Indonesia's Ali Alatas tarnished by East Timor". Reuters. 2008-12-11. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  8. ^ a b c MacKinnon, Ian (2008-12-17). "Ali Alatas: Indonesian diplomat who helped broker peace in Cambodia". UK: The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  9. ^ Yemen Times, Staff (2008-12-11). "We need to know about each other's potentials and make use". Yemen Times. 
  10. ^ Reme, Ahmad; Wahyudi, Soeriaatmadja (2008-12-12). "Alatas, strong advocate of Asean, dies". Singapore: Straits Times. 
  11. ^ "A good friend of Singapore". Singapore: Today. 2008-12-12. Retrieved 2008-12-19. [dead link]
  12. ^ It's an Honour
  13. ^ MacKinnon, Ian (2008-12-17). "Ali Alatas". The Guardian (London). 
  14. ^ "President Yudhoyono to Install Wantimpres Members". Antara News. 2007-04-11. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  15. ^ Deutsche Presse Agentur (2008-12-11). "Former Indonesian foreign minister Ali Alatas dead at 76". The Nation. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  16. ^ NINIEK KARMINI (December 11, 2008). "Former Indonesian diplomat Ali Alatas dies". Associated Press. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Mochtar Kusumaatmadja
Foreign minister of Indonesia
1988–1999
Succeeded by
Alwi Shihab