Wilopo

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Wilopo
WIlopo.jpg
Minister of Labour
In office
20 December 1949 – 6 September 1950
Preceded by Soekiman Wirjosandjojo
Succeeded by Ali Sastroamidjojo
Minister of Trade and Industry
7th Prime Minister of Indonesia
In office
1 April 1952 – 30 July 1953
Preceded by Soekiman Wirjosandjojo
Succeeded by Ali Sastroamidjojo
5th Foreign Minister of Indonesia
In office
3 April 1952 – 29 April 1952
Preceded by Mohammad Roem
Succeeded by Moekarto Notowidigdo
Personal details
Born (1908-08-21)21 August 1908
Purworejo, Central Java, Dutch East Indies
Died 1 June 1981
Jakarta
Political party Indonesian National Party

Wilopo (21 October 1908 – 1 June 1981) was the seventh Prime Minister of Indonesia. His cabinet is known as the Wilopo Cabinet.

Biography[edit]

Wilopo was born in Purworejo, Central Java on 21 October 1908.[1] As a child, he studied at Taman Siswa, later becoming a teacher there.[2]

Wilopo's first government position was as the Junior Minister of Labour during the First and Second Amir Sjarifuddin Cabinets from 3 July 1947 to 29 January 1948.[3][4] After a brief hiatus, he became the Minister of Labour during the Republic of the United States of Indonesia Cabinet from 20 December 1949 to 6 September 1950; he was later the Minister of Trade and Industry during the Sukiman Cabinet.[3][4]

After completing his tenure as Minister of Trade and Industry, on 19 March 1952, Wilopo was told to choose a cabinet to lead. Three days after giving his list to President Sukarno, on 1 April he and his cabinet took power;[5] it was essentially a coalition of necessity between the Masyumi and National parties.[6] During his time as prime minister he also spent 26 days as Foreign Minister, from 3 to 29 April, making him the shortest serving Indonesian foreign minister as of 2011.[3] As prime minister, he was initially able to draw support from the army by unhesitatingly accepting Sultan of Yogyakarta Hamengkubuwono IX as defence minister.[7] After fourteen months, the cabinet collapsed; the collapse was blamed on land issues.[8]

From 1955 to 1959, Wilopo served as the Speaker of the Constitutional Assembly of Indonesia.[3] He later became head of the Commission of Four, a part of the Corruption Eradication Team, with his service beginning in June 1970.[3][9] Despite finding "corruption everywhere", no actions were taken by the government.[9]

Wilopo died in Jakarta in 1981.[10]

Views[edit]

Herbert Feith, an Australian scholar on Indonesian politics, notes that Wilopo was widely considered fair-minded and sympathetic to the plight of the working classes, working carefully towards his goals.[2] As he did not prioritize party loyalty, he was known as being able to cooperate with anyone.[2]

References[edit]

Footnotes
Bibliography


Preceded by
Sukiman Wirjosandjojo
Prime Minister of Indonesia
1952–1953
Succeeded by
Ali Sastroamidjojo
Preceded by
Achmad Soebardjo
Foreign Minister of Indonesia
1952
Succeeded by
Moekarto Notowidigdo