Amreli

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Amreli district.
Amreli
Amaraveli
city
Amreli is located in Gujarat
Amreli
Amreli
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 21°37′N 71°14′E / 21.62°N 71.23°E / 21.62; 71.23Coordinates: 21°37′N 71°14′E / 21.62°N 71.23°E / 21.62; 71.23
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Amreli
Government
 • Real Kathi's of Kathiyawar Manjaria
Elevation 128 m (420 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 190,243
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 365601
Telephone code 02792
Vehicle registration GJ 14
Website collectoramreli.gujarat.gov.in

Amreli is a city and a municipality in Amreli district of the Saurashtra region in the state of Gujarat, India.

History[edit]

It is believed that during the year 534 AD Amreli existed was formerly known as Anumanji, Amlik and then Amravati. The city is named in ancient Gujrati as Amarvalli. It is learnt from the prescription that Nagnath temple that ancient name of Amreli city was Amarpalli. Initially Amreli was the part of the former Gaekwad of Baroda. Very little information on historical background is available for Amreli District prior to becoming part of erstwhile Baroda State. Amreli district was named after Amreli city. It is a headquarters of the district.

When Damajirao Gaekwad, the Maratha general, came to Kathiawad in about 1730, three parties viz Kathis of Dubalia carter, some Saiyads holding sanads of lands obtained for the king of Delhi, and Fozdar of Junagadh, subordinate to suba of Ahmedabad, held sway. Damajirao and the Maratha forces defeated all three and levied tribute on all of them. Later Damajirao Gaekwad, established military camps at Amreli and Lati in 1742-43 A.D. In 1800, the then Gaekwads appointed Vithalrao Devaji (Dighe/Kathewad Diwanji) as subehdar of the Gaekwad's Kathiawad possessions. Vithalrao Devaji settled in Amreli and developed the city and its surrounding regions over the next 20 years. It was during this period that Amreli became a small city.

During the Gaekwad regime in 1886, compulsory and free education policy was adopted in Amreli for the first time. After Indian independence in 1947, the district became the part of Bombay State and then a separate district in Gujarat State after the division of Bombay State in 1956 into Gujarat and Maharashtra.

Geography[edit]

Most part of the commercial area is called Tower Road stretching from Tower to the Main Bus stand and further to Gopi Cinema.

Amreli is a small city in Kāthiāwār in Gujarāt. The Kāthiāwār, peninsula of western India, is in Gujarāt State. The peninsula extends southwest into the Arabian Sea and is bounded on the northwest by the Gulf of Kachchh and on the southeast by the Gulf of Khambhāt. Area, about 60,000 km² (about 23,000 sq mi).

Amreli has variety of lands like Medium black, loamy, sandy, rocky inferior and saline mainly groundnut, cotton, sesame, bajri, wheet and grams are grown therein. And it has 2 coastal Areas Jafrabad and Rajula.

The peninsula of Kathiawar is named after the Kathis who came to Saurashtra at the close of the fourteenth century. Their origin is not fully known but it is possible that they were driven southwards by the Muslim invaders. Khachar and Chotila were the most important seats of the Kathis. Worshippers of the Sun, they were essentially nomadic and had developed, among other pastoral occupations, the art of horse-breeding. Successive waves of immigrants from other parts of India have led to a superimposition of different communities and cultures in Kathiawar. The powerful royal families, which conquered Saurashtra later on established their rule over there.

Baroda was a former Indian state in western India, 8,176 square miles (21,180 km2); it had four divisions, three in Gujarat (Kadim, Baroda, and Navsari) and one in the Peninsula of Kathiawar (Amreli, with Okhamandal). Once a part of the Mughal Empire; in 18th century its princes belonged to Maratha Confederacy; c. 1721 it secured part of Gujarat; in 19th century subject to British administrative control until 1881; became part of Bombay state 1948 and of Gujarat state 1960.

Before 1948, there were some 260 Princely states in the Kāthiāwār Peninsula of western India. These were consolidated in a single state named Saurashtra, in which the former rulers would alternate as the constitutional head. Eventually, as expected, Saurashtra became a part of the state of Gujarāt.

Attractions[edit]

  • Nagnath Temple (built by Vithalrao Devaji)
  • Tower of Amreli
  • Palace of King
  • Shri Girdharilal Sangrahalaya Children Museum and Computer Education Centre(E-Library)
  • Gandhi Bag (Gandhi Garden)
  • Kamnath Dam & Mahadev Temple
  • Kailash Muktidham
  • Siddhi Vinayak Temple
  • Guru Datta Temple
  • Kamani Forward High School
  • Kamani Science & Prataprai Arts College
  • Rokadiya Hanuman Temple
  • Balaji Hanuman Temple
  • Sai Baba Temple
  • Gayatri Temple
  • Swaminarayan Temple
  • Sukhnath Mahadev Temple
  • Rameshwar mahadev Temple
  • Dwarkadhish Haveli
  • Mahatma Muldas Bapu Dham
  • Jivan Mukteshwar Temple
  • Shri Bhojalram Dham

Attractions (Surrounding Amreli)[edit]

  • Bhurakhiya Hanuman Temple,Lathi
  • Pania Wildlife Sanctuary,Gir
  • Swaminarayan Gurukul,Taravada
  • Dhari Khodiyar Dam & Galadhara Khodiyar Mata Temple,Dhari
  • Dhari Gir National sanctuary,Gir
  • Dhari Yogiji Temple,Dhari
  • Dangigev Temple,Chalala
  • Patel Sankul
  • Varhaswarup Temple,Jafrabad
  • Sarkeshwar Mahadev Temple,Jafrabad
  • Ratneshwar Mahadev Temple,Jafrabad
  • Lunasapuriya Temple,Jafrabad
  • Shiyal bet,Jafrabad
  • Jafrabad Fort,Jafrabad
  • Pipavav Port,Rajula
  • Pipavav Dham,Rajula
  • Ballad Mata Mandir,Rajula
  • Chanch Bungalow,Rajula
  • Ultra Tech Cement Factory,Rajula
  • Sana Vakya Caves,Timbi
  • Hanuman Gala,Khambha
  • Pandav Kund,Babra
  • Dadva Randal Mata Temple,Babra
  • Varahi Mata Temple,Savarkundla

Famous people[edit]

Dr. Jivaraj Mehta, the first Chief Minister of Gujarat, was from this city.

The Poet Kalapi, a famous Gujarati poet, hailed from "Lathi" a small village near Amreli.

Poet Jhaverchand Meghani, a famous Gujarati poet, hailed from "Bagasara" a small town near Amreli. He was a freedom fighter whom Mahatma Gandhi spontaneously gave the title of Rashtreeya Shaayar (National Poet).

Poet Shri Ramesh Parekh, the famous poet hailed from Amreli.

Poet Kant- Kavi Kant, famous poet hailed from Chanvand village of Amreli district.

Muktanand Swami (Devnagari: मुक्त्तान्द स्वामी) (1758–1830) was a sadhu and paramahansa of the Swaminarayan Sampraday. He was born in Amrapur village of Amreli district.

Dr. N. D. Rathod, a leading research scientist hailed from Amreli. Dr. Rathod’s research areas are Agriculture, Agro-ecology, Plant Physiology and grassland. His research work honored by the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (a former name of Texas A&M University, USA). He has served in the field as a research head, fellow and scientist. He has practiced his research work for Gujarat Agriculture University (India), Texas A&M University (USA); including research projects of the World Bank. Dr. Rathod has also served as a head research scientist at South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

K LAL Magician, a world famous magician hailed from Amreli district.

Yogiji Maharaj Sadhu Gnãnjivandas (May 23, 1892–January 23, 1971), commonly known as Yogiji Maharaj, was an Indian Sadhu and the second leader of Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha, who is claimed to be the fourth spiritual successor to Bhagwan Swaminarayan.

Kanji Bhuta Barot' is famous singer of Gujarati culture.

Ramesh Oza, is a Hindu preacher famous for Bhagwad Kathakar from a small village Devka near Rajula of Amreli district.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Amreli had a population of 1,95,307. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Amreli has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 55% of the males and 45% of females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age

  • Area - 6,760 km².
  • Population - 12,52,589
  • Male Literacy - 81.82%
  • Female Literacy - 66.97%
  • Headquarters - Amreli
  • Talukas - 10
  • Villages - 595

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]