|Born||Joan Boniface Winnifrith
2 January 1913
|Died||14 May 2004
Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery|
|Spouse(s)||Robert Stevenson (1934–1944) (divorced)
George Stafford (1944–1964) (divorced)
Robert Nathan (1970–1985) (his death)
Steve StaffordJohn Stafford
|Awards||Soap Opera Digest Awards for Outstanding Actress in a Supporting Role in General Hospital|
Lee studied at the Royal Albert Hall,[clarification needed] then debuted with a bit part in the film His Lordship (1932). When she and her first husband, director Robert Stevenson, moved to Hollywood she became associated with John Ford, appearing in several of his films, notably How Green Was My Valley, Two Rode Together and Fort Apache. She worked for producer Val Lewton in the horror/thriller Bedlam (1946) and had a lead role opposite Brian Donlevy and Walter Brennan in Fritz Lang's Hangmen Also Die! (1943), a wartime thriller about the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich.
Lee made frequent appearances on television anthology series in the 1940s and 1950s, including Robert Montgomery Presents, The Ford Theatre Hour, Kraft Television Theatre, Armstrong Circle Theatre and Wagon Train. She also made a guest appearance on Perry Mason as Crystal Durham in the 1962 episode, "The Case of the Unsuitable Uncle."
She had a small, but memorable, role as Sister Margaretta in The Sound of Music. Sister Margaretta was a supporter of Maria in the abbey and was one of the two nuns who thwarted the Nazis by removing car engine parts, allowing the Von Trapps to escape. Lee also appeared in the 1962 classic What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? as next-door neighbour Mrs. Bates alongside Joan Crawford and Bette Davis. In 1994, she took the leading role of the feature film What Can I Do?, directed by Wheeler Winston Dixon.
In later years, she became known to a new generation as the matriarch Lila Quartermaine in General Hospital and Port Charles until her firing in 2003 by Jill Farren-Phelps, which was widely protested in the soap world and among General Hospital actors. According to fellow GH actress Leslie Charleson, Lee was promised a job for life by former GH executive producer Wendy Riche; when Riche left the show, the new management fired Lee. Charleson said in 2007, "The woman was in her 90s. And then when the new powers-that-be took over they fired her, and it broke her heart. It was not necessary."
One of her sons attested that the firing sapped Lee's will to live. She died not long afterwards of pneumonia.
She married her first husband, the director Robert Stevenson, in 1934 and moved to Hollywood in 1939. They had two daughters, Venetia and Caroline. Venetia Stevenson, an actress as well, was married to Don Everly of the Everly Brothers and has three children, Edan Everly, Erin Everly and Stacy Everly. Lee and Stevenson divorced in March 1944 with both daughters staying with their father.
Lee met her second husband, George Stafford, as the pilot of the plane on her USO tour during World War II. They married on 8 June 1944 and had three sons, John, Stephen and Tim Stafford. Tim is an actor better known by his stage name of Jeffrey Byron. Lee and Stafford divorced in 1964.
Lee was the goddaughter of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and lifelong friend of his daughter, Dame Jean Conan Doyle. Her brother Sir John Winnifrith was a senior British civil servant who became permanent secretary at the Ministry of Agriculture.
In the 1930s, Lee occupied a house at 49 Bankside in London; she was later interviewed by writer Gillian Tindall for a book written about the address, The House by the Thames, released in 2006. Since first built in 1710, the house had served as a home for coal merchants, an office, a boarding house, a hangout for derelicts and finally once again a private residence in the 1900s. The house is listed in tour guides as a famous residence and has been variously claimed as possibly being home to Christopher Wren during the construction of St. Paul's Cathedral, and previously claimed residents included Catherine of Aragon and William Shakespeare.
Awards and honours
On 21 May 2004, she was posthumously awarded a Daytime Emmy Lifetime Achievement Award; she was scheduled to receive the award for months, but died before she could receive it. Lee's son attended to accept the award on her behalf.
On 16 July 2004, General Hospital aired a tribute to Lee by holding a memorial service for Lila Quartermaine.
- Say It with Music (1932)
- Chelsea Life (1933)
- The Bermondsey Kid (1933)
- Mannequin (1933)
- Rolling in Money (1934)
- The Camels are Coming (1934)
- The Passing of the Third Floor Back (1935)
- Heat Wave (1935)
- The Man Who Changed His Mind (1936)
- King Solomon's Mines (1937)
- Non-Stop New York (1937)
- O.H.M.S. (1937)
- The Four Just Men (1939)
- Young Man's Fancy (1939)
- Return to Yesterday (1940)
- How Green Was My Valley (1941)
- My Life with Caroline (1941)
- Flying Tigers (1942)
- Hangmen Also Die (1943)
- Summer Storm (1944)
- Bedlam (1946)
- The Ghost and Mrs. Muir (1947)
- Fort Apache (1948)
- Best Man Wins (1948)
- Prison Warden (1949)
- Gideon's Day (1958)
- Jet Over the Atlantic (1959)
- The Sound of Music (1965)
- In Like Flint (1967)
- Soap Opera Weekly, 13 February 2007, p. 2
- Star Diary, 10 October 1954.
- "The city's other shore". The Economist. 23 March 2006. Retrieved 21 July 2007. "Things pick up in the 1930s, when the house was briefly occupied by Anna Lee, a starlet. The author tracked her down in 2003; she was living in Beverly Hills, having built a second career on the marathon American soap opera 'General Hospital'. She remembered the house fondly; her sister recalled being escorted home by policemen, as the neighbourhood was thought to be dangerous."
- Lee, Anna; Roisman Cooper, Barbara (2007). Anna Lee: Memoir of a Career on General Hospital and in Film. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-3161-X.