Arbutus arizonica

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Arbutus arizonica
Arizona Madrone
Arbutus arizonica foliage
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Genus: Arbutus
Species: A. arizonica
Binomial name
Arbutus arizonica
(A.Gray) Sarg.
Natural range of Arbutus arizonica
Synonyms

A. xalapensis var. arizonica A.Gray[1]

Arbutus arizonica, commonly known as Arizona Madrone, is a tree species in the Ericaceae family that is native to the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. Its range extends along the Sierra Madre Occidental cordillera from the Madrean Sky Islands of southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico south to Jalisco. It occurs in Sonora, Chihuahua, and Durango, but possibly not in neighboring Sinaloa.[2]

It is a tree that grows up to 45 ft (14 m), and has pinkish-brown bark. The fruit is an orange-red berry. The fruits are edible by humans and used by some indigenous peoples.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Taxon: Arbutus arizonica (A. Gray) Sarg.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-05-22. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  2. ^ Little. Atlas of United States Trees, Volume 3, Minor Western Hardwoods, Little, Elbert L, 1976, US Government Printing Office. Library of Congress No. 79-653298. Map 18, Arbutus arizonica.
  3. ^ Laferrière, Joseph E., Charles W. Weber and Edwin A. Kohlhepp. 1991a. Use and nutritional composition of some traditional Mountain Pima plant foods. Journal of Ethnobiology 11(1):93-114.

External links[edit]

Media related to Arbutus arizonica at Wikimedia Commons
Data related to Arbutus arizonica at Wikispecies