Ardisia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ardisia
Ardisia crenata6.jpg
Ardisia crenata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Primulaceae
Subfamily: Myrsinoideae
Genus: Ardisia
Sw, 1788
Type species
Ardisia tinifolia
Sw.

Ardisia (coralberry or marlberry) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. It was in the former Myrsinaceae family now recognised as the myrsine sub-family Myrsinoideae.[1] They are distributed in the Americas, Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands, mainly in the tropics.[2][3] There are 400 to 500 species.[2][3]

These are trees, shrubs, and subshrubs. Most have alternately arranged leaves. Flowers are borne in many forms of inflorescence. The flowers have usually 4 or 5 green sepals and a bell-shaped corolla of usually 4 or 5 white or pink petals. The fruit is a somewhat fleshy drupe.[2][3] The defining characteristic of the genus is the small tube formed at the center of the flower by the stamens, which are joined at their bases.[4]

One species, Ardisia japonica (Chinese: 紫金牛; pinyin: zǐjīn niú) is one of the 50 fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine.

Selected species[edit]

Sources:[5][6][7][8][9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 116 (105–121). doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b c Ardisia. Flora of North America.
  3. ^ a b c Ardisia. Flora of China.
  4. ^ Pipoly, J. J. and J. M. Ricketson. (2005). New species and nomenclatural notes in Mesoamerican Ardisia (Myrsinaceae). Novon 15(1), 190-201.
  5. ^ Ardisia species records. Flora of China.
  6. ^ GRIN Species Records of Ardisia. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
  7. ^ Australian Plant Name Index: Ardisia
  8. ^ Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar: Ardisia
  9. ^ Trees and shrubs of the Andes of Ecuador: Ardisia
  10. ^ IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Ardisia