Argentine Patriotic League

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Argentine Patriotic League
Liga Patriótica Argentina
Leader Manuel Carlés
Founded January 16, 1919 (1919-01-16)
Dissolved May 20, 1931 (1931-05-20)
Succeeded by Argentine Civic Legion
Headquarters Buenos Aires, Argentina
Ideology Nacionalismo
Clerical fascism
Antisemitism
Political position Far-right
Colors      Light blue
Politics of Argentina
Political parties
Elections
Armed members of the Patriotic League roaming the streets of Buenos Aires.

The Argentine Patriotic League (Liga Patriótica Argentina) was a Nacionalista paramilitary group, officially created in Buenos Aires on January 16, 1919, during the Tragic week events. Presided over by Manuel Carlés, a professor at the Military College and the Escuela Superior de Guerra, it also counted among its members the deputy Santiago G. O'Farrell (1861-1926). The League was merged into the Argentine Civic Legion in 1931.[1] The Argentine Patriotic League formed part of a larger movement of patriotic leagues active in Chile and Argentina during the early 20th century.

History[edit]

Flag used by Nacionalista movements.[2] The colours represent the national colours of Argentina while the cross represents Christianity.[3]

Composed of wealthy youth, the League assaulted workers' neighborhoods, including the Jewish Once neighborhood of Buenos Aires. It received military training by members of the Argentine Armed Forces, was subsidised by important members of the oligarchy, and supported by the Church.[4] The League worked hand-in-hand with the Bonaerense police forces in the repression of social movements. Some of its members were also members of the Radical Party.[4]

It quickly extended itself throughout Argentina, on a nationalist, xenophobic, anti-Communist and anti-Semitic program. They attacked in particular Catalans (accused of being anarchists) and Jews (accused of being Bolsheviks).[4]

At its height in the early 1920s, the League's so-called brigades contained as many as 300,000 members throughout the country.[4]

The League counted with the official support of the admiral and Minister of Marine Manuel Domecq García.

The League participated to the events known as Patagonia rebelde or Patagonia Trágica (1921-1922), in Río Gallegos, during which 1,500 workers in strike were assassinated.

It also participated to José Félix Uriburu's 1930 military coup, which initiated the Infamous Decade.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patrick Frank. Los Artistas del Pueblo: prints and workers' culture in Buenos Aires, 1917-1935. University of New Mexico Press, 2006. Pp. 206.
  2. ^ Sandra McGee Deutsch. Las Derechas: The Extreme Right in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile, 1890-1939. Stanford University Press, 1999. Pp. 210.
  3. ^ Sandra McGee Deutsch. Las Derechas: The Extreme Right in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile, 1890-1939. Stanford University Press, 1999. Pp. 210.
  4. ^ a b c d Book review of Luis María Caterina. La liga patriótica Argentina: Un grupo de presión frente a las convulsiones sociales de la década del veinte. Buenos Aires: Corregidor. 1995. Pp. 333 (in the American Historical Review (English)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Caterina, Luis María. 1995. La Liga Patriótica Argentina. Un grupo de presión frente a las convulsiones sociales de la década del '20. Buenos Aires, Editorial Corregidor. ISBN 978-950-05-0839-1 reseña

See also[edit]