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Argyranthemum frutescens, known as Paris daisy, marguerite or marguerite daisy, is a perennial plant known for its flowers. It is native to the Canary Islands (part of Spain). It is also widely cultivated as an ornamental planted private gardens and public parks in many countries, and naturalized in Italy and southern California.
Argyranthemum frutescens can be normally found during the summer, since they grow best with full sunlight, although they are at their showiest during the spring. These flowers grow in many different types of habitats. They are also most frequently used for borders of houses since they grow continuously. They can only survive under summer conditions with plenty of sun and cannot survive in areas that are cold and have no sunlight. They are also known for long period of growth ranging from May to November.
Habitat and ecology
Along with full sunlight, in order to grow, this plant needs organic matter in high quantities, while also making sure the soil is drained very well. If plant is too overwhelmed with water it can cause the plant to die. Tolerant of low temperatures, though cannot survive in freezing temperatures. Needs a lot of sunlight in order to grow and must be protected from the wind.
This sub-shrub is made up of white, yellow or pink daisy-like flower heads approximately 2.5 inches in diameter with a yellow center. Also found with green foliage. This is usually found on a bushy plant that is about 2-3' tall and wide, while usually 1 to 3 feet tall. A very fragrant flower. Can usually be found growing in flower beds.
Flowers and fruit
During the summer time they mostly attract butterflies since they are known for being a showy flower.
- Argyranthemum frutescens subsp. canariae (Christ) Humphries
- Argyranthemum frutescens subsp. foeniculaceum (Pit. & Proust) Humphries
- Argyranthemum frutescens subsp. frutescens
- Argyranthemum frutescens subsp. gracilescens (Christ) Humphries
- Argyranthemum frutescens subsp. pumilum Humphries
- The Plant List Argyranthemum frutescens (L.) Sch.Bip.
- "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (XLS) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
- Humphries, C. J. 1976. A revision of the Macaronesian genus Argyranthemum Webb ex Schultz Bip. (Compositae–Anthemideae). Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 5: 147–240.
- Altervista Flora Italiana Margherita delle Canarie, Argyranthemum frutescens (L.) Sch. Bip.
- Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
- Calflora taxon report, University of California, Argyranthemum frutescens (L.) Schultz-Bip. marguerite
- Plants database United States Department of Agriculture plants profile, Argyranthemum frutescens
- Jepson Manual Online, Argyranthemum frutescens
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Gardening Help, Plant Finder
- Royal Horticultural Society, London
- Easy Bloom, Marguerite daisy, Madeira White Improved (Argyranthemum frutescens)
- Sciencedirect, Antonio G. Gonzalez, Rafael Estevez-Reyes, Ana Estevez-Braun, Angel G. Ravelo, Ignacio A. Jimenez, Isabel L. Bazzocchi, Marcelino A. Aguilara, Laila Moujirb. 1997. Biological activities of some Argyranthemum species. Phytochemistry 45:963–967#
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