Arkhangai Province

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This article is about a province of Mongolia. For other uses, see Khangai (disambiguation).
Arkhangai Province
Архангай аймаг
ᠠᠷᠤᠬᠠᠩᠭ᠋ᠠᠢᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
Province
Tariat landscape
Tariat landscape
Flag of Arkhangai Province
Flag
Official seal of Arkhangai Province
Seal
Arkhangai in Mongolia.svg
Coordinates: 47°23′N 101°30′E / 47.383°N 101.500°E / 47.383; 101.500Coordinates: 47°23′N 101°30′E / 47.383°N 101.500°E / 47.383; 101.500
Country Mongolia
Established 1931
Capital Tsetserleg
Area
 • Total 55,313.82 km2 (21,356.79 sq mi)
Elevation(at highest point) 3,529 m (11,578 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 84,584
 • Density 1.5/km2 (4.0/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8
Area code(s) +976 133
ISO 3166 code MN-073
Vehicle registration АР_
Website arkhangai.gov.mn
Panoramic view of Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur.

Arkhangai (Mongolian: Архангай, literally Northern Khangai) is one of the 21 aimags of Mongolia. It is located slightly west of the country's center, on the northern slopes of the Khangai Mountains.

Geography[edit]

The Arkhangai aimag is located in the interior of the country and borders to the following other aimags: Bulgan (north east), Övörkhangai (south east), Bayankhongor (south), Zavkhan (west), and Khövsgöl (north west).

The highest point is Kharlagtai Peak at 3,529 m (11,578 ft), while the lowest point is the area on the confluence of the Orkhon and Tamir rivers at 1,290 m (4,232 ft). The most well-known mountain is the extinct volkano Khorgo, which is part of the Khorgo-Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur National Park.

Bodies of water[edit]

The rivers Chuluut, Khanui, and Tamir have their origins in the valleys of the Khangai Mountains. Together with some smaller tributaries they all belong to the watershed of the Selenge. The Orkhon also traverses the eastern end of the aimag for a short stretch.

The lake Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur is located in the west. According to a legend it was created when a giant took a large rock and threw it away. Looking back he saw a white surface and exclaimed in surprise, "Look, a white lake!" The exclamation has become the name of the lake. The rock ended up farther to the east and is called Taikhar Chuluu. The small lake Ögii Nuur is located in the eastern part of the aimag in the Sum of the same name.

History[edit]

After the People’s Revolution won in 1921 throughout Mongolia reforms in administrative unit were made and the Tsetserleg Mandal Uul aimag was established on the foundation of Sain Noyon Khan aimag. Arkhangai aimag was formed from parts of the Tsetserleg Mandal Uul aimag in 1931. At that time, the aimag had 35 sums, 65,333 inhabitants in 22,285 households, and 1,800,000 head of livestock. The aimag center Tsetserleg was established at the site of the Zaya Khüree monastery, which had been first founded in 1586.

Population[edit]

Arkhangai covers 55,313.82 km² (21,357 sq mi), and had 89,282 citizens in Dec.31 2008,[1] in Dec. 31 2009 89,331[2] who live in 19 sums and 99 bags (subdistricts)

Transportation[edit]

There are currently no flights to Tsetserleg's airport. The Post Bus travels daily to Tsetserleg through Kharkhorin, leaving from Dragon Center in Ulaanbaatar at 8:00 am. The price of a ticket is around 20,000 MNT. Small microbuses also travel daily to Tsetserleg, but are much less reliable.

Climate[edit]

In winter mean temperature is −30 °C to −38 °C (−22 °F to −36 °F) and in summer the highest temperature is between 25 °C and 36 °C (77 °F and 97 °F).

Economy[edit]

The main field of economy in the aimag is agriculture, predominantly animal husbandry. According to 2004 data, the aimag was home to 1,948,000 domestic animals: goats, sheep, cattle (incl. yaks and khainags), horses and camels. Camels are almost exclusively herded in the southeastern sums.[3]

Administrative subdivision[edit]

Sums of Arkhangai

The aimag capital Tsetserleg is geographically located in the Bulgan sum in the south of the aimag. It is not to be confused with the Tsetserleg sum in the north.

The Sums of Arkhangai aimag
Sum Mongolian Population
(2005)[2]
Population
(2008)[4]
Population
(2009)[2]
Area
km²
Density
/km²
Sum centre
population
Battsengel Батцэнгэл 3,818 3,855 3,846 3,500 1.10 1,096
Bulgan Булган 2,285 2,361 2,434 3,100 0.79 961
Chuluut Чулуут 3,943 3,749 3,744 3,900 0.96 935
Erdenebulgan* Эрдэнэбулган 17,790 18,022 17,770 536 33.15 17,770
Erdenemandal Эрдэнэмандал 6,099 5,843 5,933 3,400 1.74 1,091
Ikh-Tamir Их тамир 5,714 5,154 5,247 4,800 1.09 1,050
Jargalant Жаргалант 4,089 4,114 4,111 3,832 1.07 1,035
Khairkhan Хайрхан 3,756 3,558 3,656 2,500 1.46 739
Khangai Хангай 3,054 2,805 2,926 4,400 0.66 795
Khashaat Хашаат 3,594 3,305 3,344 2,600 1.29 802
Khotont Хотонт 4,763 4,809 4,440 2,200 2.02 774
Ögii nuur Өгий нуур 3,015 3,041 3,086 n.a n.a. 622
Ölziit Өлзийт 3,154 3,037 3,102 1,700 1.82 829
Öndör-Ulaan Өндөр-Улаан 5,873 5,729 5,798 4,000 1.45 1,097
Tariat Тариат 5,082 5,022 5,086 3,800 1.34 644
Tüvshrüülekh Түвшрүүлэх 3,489 3,410 3,438 1,200 2.86 1,869
Tsakhir Цахир 2,058 2,126 2,143 3,398 0.63 438
Tsenkher Цэнхэр 5,480 5,387 5,414 3,200 1.69 997
Tsetserleg Цэцэрлэг 2,058 3,955 3,813 2,500 1.53 848

* - The aimag capital Tsetserleg

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arkhangai Aimag 2008 December Statistical Report
  2. ^ a b c Dec. 31 2009 estimation. Arkhangai Aimag Statistical Service
  3. ^ National statistical office, Lifestock count 2004, Khavsralt 44
  4. ^ [1]