Armee-Abteilung D

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Armee-Abteilung Scholtz
Armee-Abteilung D
Army Detachment D
Stab eines Armeeoberkommandos.svg
Flag of the Staff of an Armee Oberkommando (1871–1918)
Active 28 October 1915 - 2 October 1918
Country  German Empire
Type Army
Engagements World War I

Armee-Abteilung Scholtz / Armee-Abteilung D (Army Detachment D) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It served on the Eastern Front throughout its existence.

History[edit]

Armee-Abteilung D was formed on 18 September 1915 from the southern wing of the Army of the Niemen as Armee-Gruppe Scholtz, named for the commander of XX Corps, a headquarters that it absorbed.[1] On 28 October 1915 it was redesignated Armee-Abteilung Scholtz. It was established on 10 January 1917 as Armee-Abteilung D. It was dissolved on 2 October 1918 as a new XX Corps was created.[2]

Commanders[edit]

Armee-Abteilung D had the following commanders during its existence:[3]

Armee-Abteilung Scholtz / Armee-Abteilung D
From Commander Previously Subsequently
28 October 1915 General der Artillerie Friedrich von Scholtz XX Corps 8th Army
2 January 1917 Generalleutnant Oskar von Hutier XXI Corps 8th Army
27 January 1917 General der Infanterie Oskar von Hutier
22 April 1917 General der Infanterie Günther Graf von Kirchbach Landwehr Corps 8th Army
12 December 1917 General der Artillerie Hans von Kirchbach XII Reserve Corps Retired[4]
23 January 1918 Generaloberst Hans von Kirchbach

Glossary[edit]

  • Armee-Abteilung or Army Detachment in the sense of "something detached from an Army". It is not under the command of an Army so is in itself a small Army.[5]
  • Armee-Gruppe or Army Group in the sense of a group within an Army and under its command, generally formed as a temporary measure for a specific task.
  • Heeresgruppe or Army Group in the sense of a number of armies under a single commander.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cron 2002, p. 88
  2. ^ Cron 2002, pp. 84–85
  3. ^ Cron 2002, p. 400
  4. ^ The Prussian Machine Accessed: 10 February 2012
  5. ^ Cron 2002, p. 84

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1.