Arthur Henderson, Baron Rowley

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Arthur Henderson, Baron Rowley, PC (27 August 1893 – 28 August 1968) was a British Labour Party politician.

Arthur Henderson was the son of Arthur Henderson, who was Leader of the Labour Party between 1908–1910, 1914–17 and 1931-1932.

Parliament[edit]

Henderson was first elected to the House of Commons at the 1923 general election, as Member of Parliament (MP) for the South Wales seat of Cardiff South. He lost his seat at the 1924 general election to the Conservative Arthur Evans, but won it back at the 1929 general election.

When Labour split at the 1931 election over Ramsay Macdonald's formation of a National Government, Henderson was one of the many Labour MPs to lose their seats. Evans was re-elected, and held the seat until the 1945 election, when he lost to future Prime Minister James Callaghan.

Henderson returned to Parliament at the 1935 general election, for the English constituency of Kingswinford in Staffordshire. He held that seat until its abolition for the 1950 general election, when he was elected for the new seat of Rowley Regis and Tipton, on the other side of Dudley. He was re-elected in Rowley Regis until his retirement from the Commons at the 1966 election, when he was made a life peer as Baron Rowley, of Rowley Regis in the County of Staffordshire. He died two years later, the day after his 75th birthday.

In government[edit]

In the wartime coalition government, he served as Under-Secretary of State for War from 1942 to 1943, and then as Financial Secretary to the War Office from 1943 until the coalition was dissolved in 1945 at the end of the war.

The 1945 general election saw Labour returned to government with a huge majority, and Henderson was appointed as junior minister at the India Office, with the title of Under-Secretary of State for India and Burma. When India gained its independence in 1947, the India Office was abolished, and Henderson was appointed as a Privy Counsellor and promoted to Secretary of State for Air, the ministry with responsibility for the Royal Air Force. He retained that post until Labour's defeat at the 1951 general election.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James Herbert Cory
Member of Parliament for Cardiff South
19231924
Succeeded by
Arthur Evans
Preceded by
Arthur Evans
Member of Parliament for Cardiff South
19291931
Succeeded by
Arthur Evans
Preceded by
Alan Livesey Stuart Todd
Member of Parliament for Kingswinford
19351950
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Rowley Regis and Tipton
19501966
Succeeded by
Peter Archer
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Edward Grigg
Sir Henry Page Croft
Under-Secretary of State for War
(with Sir Henry Page Croft)

1942–1943
Succeeded by
Lord Nathan
Preceded by
Earl of Scarbrough
Under-Secretary of State for India and Burma
1945–1947
Succeeded by
(position abolished)
Preceded by
Philip Noel-Baker
Secretary of State for Air
1947–1951
Succeeded by
Lord de L'Isle and Dudley