Arthur William Symons (28 February 1865 – 22 January 1945), was a British poet, critic and magazine editor.
Milford Haven, Wales, of Cornish parents, Symons was educated privately, spending much of his time in France and Italy. In 1884–1886 he edited four of Bernard Quaritch's Shakespeare Quarto Facsimiles, and in 1888–1889 seven plays of the ". He became a member of the staff of the Henry Irving" Shakespeare in 1891, and of the Athenaeum in 1894, but his major editorial feat was his work with the short-lived Saturday Review . Savoy
His first volume of verse,
Days and Nights (1889), consisted of dramatic monologues. His later verse is influenced by a close study of modern French writers, of Charles Baudelaire, and especially of Paul Verlaine. He reflects French tendencies both in the subject-matter and style of his poems, in their eroticism and their vividness of description. Symons contributed poems and essays to the , including an important piece which was later expanded into Yellow Book which would have a major influence on The Symbolist Movement in Literature, William Butler Yeats and T. S. Eliot. From late 1895 through 1896 he edited, along with Aubrey Beardsley and Leonard Smithers, , a literary magazine which published both art and literature. Noteworthy contributors included Yeats, The Savoy George Bernard Shaw, and Joseph Conrad. Symons was also a member of the Rhymer's Club founded by Yeats in 1890. [1 ]
The Minister's Call, Symons's first play, was produced by the Independent Theatre Society – a private club – to avoid censorship by the Lord Chamberlain's Office. [2 ]
In 1902 Symons made a selection from his earlier verse, published as
Poems. He translated from the Italian of Gabriele D'Annunzio The Dead City (1900) and The Child of Pleasure (1898), and from the French of Émile Verhaeren The Dawn (1898). To The Poems of (1905) he prefixed an essay on the deceased poet, who was a kind of English Verlaine and had many attractions for Symons. In 1909 Symons suffered a Ernest Dowson psychotic breakdown, and published very little new work for a period of more than twenty years. His Confessions: A Study in Pathology (1930) has a moving description of his breakdown and treatment.
Days and Nights (1889)
London Nights (1895)
Amoris victima (1897)
Images of Good and Evil (1899)
Poems in 2 volumes.(Contains: The Loom of Dreams in the second Volume, 1901), (1902)
Lyrics (1903) An anthology of poetry published in the USA only.
A Book of Twenty Songs (1905)
The Fool of the World and other Poems (1906)
Knave of Hearts (1913). Poems written between 1894 and 1908.
Love's Cruelty (1923)
Jezebel Mort, and other poems (1931)
An Introduction to the study of Browning (1886)
Studies in Two Literatures (1897)
Aubrey Beardsley: An Essay with a Preface (1898)
(1899; 1919) The Symbolist Movement in Literature
Cities (1903), word-pictures of Rome, Venice, Naples, Seville, etc.
Plays, Acting and Music (1903)
Studies in Prose and Verse (1904)
Studies in Seven Arts (1906).
Figures of Several Centuries (1916)
Cities and Sea-Coasts and Islands (1918)
Studies in the Elizabethan Drama (1919)
Charles Baudelaire: A Study (1920)
Dramatis Personae (1925 - US edition 1923)
From Toulouse-Lautrec to Rodin (1929)
Studies in Strange Souls (1929)
Confessions: A Study in Pathology (1930). A book containing Symons's description of his breakdown and treatment.
A Study of Walter Pater (1932)
Fiction [ edit ]
Spiritual Adventures (1905). With an autobiographical sketch.
References [ edit ]
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). " Symons, Arthur". (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press Encyclopædia Britannica
External links [ edit ]