Asadullah Khalid

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Asadullah Khalid
Asadullah Khalid in June 2011-cropped.jpg
Asadullah Khalid in front of the Rahman Baba High School in Kabul
Head of the National Directorate of Security (NDS), Afghanistan
Incumbent
Assumed office
September 15, 2012
Preceded by Rahmatullah Nabil
Minister of Tribal and Border Affairs
In office
2008 – September 15, 2012
Governor of Kandahar Province, Afghanistan
In office
2005–2008
Preceded by Yousef Pashtun
Succeeded by Rahmatullah Raufi
Governor of Ghazni Province, Afghanistan
In office
2002–2005
Preceded by  ?
Succeeded by Sher Alam Ibrahimi
Personal details
Born 1969
Ghazni, Afghanistan
Political party Islamic Dawah Organisation of Afghanistan, Karzai loyalist
Religion Islam

Asadullah Khalid is a politician in Afghanistan. He is serving as head of the National Directorate of Security (NDS), which is the domestic intelligence agency of Afghanistan, similar to the United States Department of Homeland Security. Before his appointment as the head of the NDS in September 2012, Khalid served as the Minister of Tribal and Border Affairs. Between 2005 and 2008, he was the Governor of Kandahar Province and prior to that as Governor of Ghazni Province (2002-2005). Khalid is said to be affiliated with the Islamic Dawah Organisation of Afghanistan (Ittihad-i Islami) and has been noted as one of many loyalists of Afghan President Hamid Karzai.

Biography[edit]

Asadullah Khalid was born in the Ghazni Province of Afghanistan in 1969 into a Taraki Ghilzai Pashtun family.[1] His father served as an MP during the reign of the king Zaher Shah while in later days his uncle became a known Ittihad-i Islami commander. Asadullah Khalid himself became affiliated with the Ittihad party and its leader Abdul Rasul Sayyaf.[1]

During the rule of the Taliban (1996-2001), Khalid served with the anti-Taliban resistance as part of the Ittihad faction. The Afghanistan Analyst Network writes that Khalid may have recovered "Stinger missiles on behalf of Ittihad’s boss, Sayyaf", which may have brought him into first direct contacts with the CIA.[1] Khalid's personal account of that time is that he studied law in Tajikistan.[1]

After the fall of the Taliban regime, Khalid worked with the National Directorate of Security, Department 5, but shortly afterwards became Governor of his home Ghazni province, a post he held until 2005. After a re-shuffle in 2005 by President Hamid Karzai, Khalid was shifted from Ghazni province to become the new governor of Kandahar province. As governor, he said that he believed in the coordination of international and national efforts in bringing stability to Afghanistan.[2]

Asadullah Khalid is standing in the back row praying to Allah at the U.S. Embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan

In early 2007, Asadullah Khalid escaped an assassination attempt. He was targeted by a Taliban suicide bomber. His motorcade was destroyed but he survived with only minor injuries.[3]

In April 2010, CBC News revealed the existence of top-level Canadian government documents reporting the personal involvement of Khalid in serious human rights abuses in his own private dungeon. Multiple sources report that the private detention centre was located under Khalid's guest house while governor of Kandahar. Documents also said that Christopher Alexander, a top Canadian official working with the United Nations, alleged that Asadullah Khalid had ordered the killing of five United Nations workers by bombing, presumably to protect his narcotics interests.[4]

In October 2011 Khalid survived another attempt on his life. A year later, in September 2012, the National Assembly of Afghanistan approved him as head of the National Directorate of Security (NDS), which is the Afghan intelligence service. It is very similar to that of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) from which it receives training and support.

A few months later, on 6 December 2012, Khalid became injured during a failed Taliban assassination attempt in Kabul. The incident happened in the Taymeni area of the city, inside one of the many guesthouses that NDS uses in Kabul to reduce the risk of an attack. Afghan officials said that Khalid needed blood transfusions,[5] but President Hamid Karzai said Khalid "is doing well" and described the attack as "a cowardly act of terrorism".[5] The attacker posed as a "peace messenger" arrived from Quetta, Pakistan, and was used by the Taliban's Quetta Shura, which is guided by Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). The death of Burhanuddin Rabbani in Kabul occurred the same exact way and that attack was tied to Taliban's Quetta Shura. Zabiullah Mujahid, who is based in Pakistan, confirmed that the Taliban were behind the attack.[6] Politicians in Afghanistan, including the President and members of the Parliament, accused elements in Pakistan of organizing Khalid's assassination attempt.[7]

On June 2013, Khalid returned to US for further medical treatment after his conditions deteriorated for wounds from the Taliban assassination attempted on December 2012.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
?
Governor of Ghazni Province, Afghanistan
2002–2005
Succeeded by
Sher Alam Ibrahimi
Preceded by
Yousef Pashtun
Governor of Kandahar Province, Afghanistan
2005–2008
Succeeded by
Rahmatullah Raufi
Preceded by
?
Minister of Tribal and Border Affairs, Afghanistan
2008–September 15, 2012
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Rahmatullah Nabil
Head of the National Directorate of Security (NDS), Afghanistan
September 15, 2012-present
Succeeded by
Incumbent