Audun-le-Tiche

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For other uses, see Audun-le-Roman.
Audun-le-Tiche
Eglise Audun Tiche 2.JPG
Coat of arms of Audun-le-Tiche
Coat of arms
Audun-le-Tiche is located in France
Audun-le-Tiche
Audun-le-Tiche
Coordinates: 49°28′27″N 5°57′30″E / 49.4742°N 5.9583°E / 49.4742; 5.9583Coordinates: 49°28′27″N 5°57′30″E / 49.4742°N 5.9583°E / 49.4742; 5.9583
Country France
Region Lorraine
Department Moselle
Arrondissement Thionville-Ouest
Canton Fontoy
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Lucien Piovano
Area
 • Land1 15.43 km2 (5.96 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 6,152
 • Population2 density 400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 57038 / 57390
Elevation 294–452 m (965–1,483 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Audun-le-Tiche (German: Deutsch-Oth, Luxembourgish: Däitsch-Oth) is a commune in the Moselle department in Lorraine in northeastern France.

Location and rail links[edit]

Audun-le-Tiche is located adjacent to Esch-sur-Alzette, on the border with Luxembourg, and close to the borders of Germany, and Belgium.

Audun-le-Tiche is served by a railway station that is served by both French national railway and the Chemins de Fer Luxembourgeois, on whose Line 60 it is located.

This station is unique in France in that its only rail link is via Luxembourg territory.

History[edit]

The name Audun comes from Awedeux, as a phonetical evolution of Latin Aquaeducta, and le Tiche is an evolution of Thieux, meaning "the German" — cf. Deutsch. The corresponding town Audun-le-Roman lies in the former Romance, or Latin speaking area, where Audun-le-Tiche is the other side of the language border, in the Germanic speaking area. Nowadays, these two cities are respectively named Deutsch-Oth and Welsch-Oth in German.

The town was long associated with the mining industry. The history of mining in Audun-le-Tiche and its decline has been described in the writings of Aurélie Filippetti.[1] The Villeroy & Boch ceramic manufacturing company was founded in 1748 in Audun by François Boch. The company later moved to nearby Luxembourg, and in 1801 to Mettlach, Germany.

Audun sister town is Gualdo Tadino in Italy, from which immigrants came working in mining industry during 19th century.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 516 —    
1800 401 −22.3%
1806 544 +35.7%
1821 592 +8.8%
1836 723 +22.1%
1841 834 +15.4%
1861 1,008 +20.9%
1866 971 −3.7%
1871 1,050 +8.1%
1875 1,081 +3.0%
1880 1,261 +16.7%
1885 1,708 +35.4%
1890 1,798 +5.3%
1895 2,726 +51.6%
1900 4,780 +75.3%
1905 5,231 +9.4%
1910 6,293 +20.3%
1921 4,441 −29.4%
1926 6,101 +37.4%
1931 6,577 +7.8%
1936 6,292 −4.3%
1946 5,793 −7.9%
1954 7,103 +22.6%
1962 8,522 +20.0%
1968 7,698 −9.7%
1975 6,831 −11.3%
1982 6,391 −6.4%
1990 5,959 −6.8%
1999 5,757 −3.4%
2006 5,949 +3.3%
2009 6,152 +3.4%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aurélie Filippetti, 'Les derniers jours de la classe ouvrière', Éditions Stock, 2003