Avenue of honour

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The Avenue of Honour in Bacchus Marsh.

Avenue of Honour is the term given to a memorial avenue of trees, with each tree symbolising a person.

The tradition, which originated in the Goldfields region of Victoria, Australia is an important part of Australian culture. There are 547 known avenues of honour in Australia, in all states and territories except the Northern Territory. Over half are in Victoria.[1]

Most avenues are in remembrance of those who fought or died war, particularly World War I (1914–1918), although the earliest recorded avenues were planted in remembrance of Australia's participation in the Second Boer War (1899-1902).[1] Since soldiers were grouped by the place they were recruited, a military defeat often meant all of the men of eligible age from the town were killed in the same battle. Many of the avenue's trees include metal plaques naming the victims.

Many of these avenues now feature large, established trees and exotic species.

Several of these avenues are listed on the Victorian Heritage Register; most others are afforded local levels of heritage protection through the various Local government in Australia and the National Trust of Australia; however, many such avenues have since been affected by road development.

An online project titled "Avenues of Honour 1915-2015" (www.avenuesofhonour.org) has been established by Treenet, the urban tree research and education organisation based at the University of Adelaide's Waite Arboretum.[1]

State significant avenues[edit]

Victory Arch at the entrance to the Avenue of Honour, Ballarat

Other Victorian Avenues of Honour[edit]

Avenues of Honour outside Victoria[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Megan Backhouse, "Felled but not forgotten", The Saturday Age, 8 June 2013, p. 10
  2. ^ http://vhd.heritage.vic.gov.au/#detail_places;4220
  3. ^ Ballarat Avenue of Honour
  4. ^ http://vhd.heritage.vic.gov.au/#detail_places;4957
  5. ^ http://vhd.heritage.vic.gov.au/#detail_places;12270
  6. ^ http://vhd.heritage.vic.gov.au/#detail_places;12522
  7. ^ "Anglesea Avenue of Honour". Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  8. ^ "Quercus palustris". National Trust. Retrieved 22014-07-23.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  9. ^ Borookpi Avenue of Honour
  10. ^ Buchan South Avenue of Honour
  11. ^ Hotspur Avenue of Honour
  12. ^ Lakes Entrance Avenue of Honour
  13. ^ Lysterfield Avenue of Honour
  14. ^ "Avenues of Honour Map". Avenues of Honour 1915-2015 Project. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  15. ^ The Re-Discovery of Ballarat Orphanage's Arthur Kenny Avenue: Commemorative Booklet (Friday 9th November 2012)
  16. ^ Yungaburra Avenue of Honour
  17. ^ "King St Avenue of Honour". Register of War Memorials in NSW. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  18. ^ Cowra Avenue of Honour
  19. ^ http://www.bgpa.wa.gov.au/kings-park/visit/maps-and-transport/honour-avenues

Further reading[edit]

Haddow, Janine (1987). Avenues of Honour in Victoria (Master of Landscape Architecture). University of Melbourne. 

Taffe, Michael. Victoria's Avenues of Honour to the Great War Lost to the Landscape. (Bachelor of Arts Hons). University of Melbourne. 2006.

Taffe, Michael. '90th Anniversary of our Avenues of Honour', Australian Garden History Journal p.24, Vol.17 No.5 May/June 2006.