Back to School
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|Back to School|
|Directed by||Alan Metter|
|Produced by||Chuck Russell|
|Screenplay by||Steven Kampmann
|Story by||Rodney Dangerfield
Robert Downey, Jr.
|Music by||Danny Elfman|
|Cinematography||Thomas E. Ackerman|
|Editing by||David Rawlins|
|Distributed by||Orion Pictures|
|Release date(s)||June 13, 1986|
|Running time||96 min.|
|Box office||$91,258,000 (theatrical)
Back to School is a 1986 comedy film starring Rodney Dangerfield, Keith Gordon, Sally Kellerman, Burt Young, William Zabka, Ned Beatty, Sam Kinison, and Robert Downey, Jr. It was directed by Alan Metter.
The plot centers on a wealthy but uneducated father (Dangerfield) who goes to college to show solidarity with his discouraged son (Gordon) and learns that he cannot buy an education or happiness.
The University of Wisconsin–Madison was used as a backdrop for the movie, although it was called "Grand Lakes University." The diving scenes were filmed at the since-demolished Industry Hills Aquatic Center (see Industry Hills Aquatic Club) in the City of Industry, California.
After the ending scene, before the credits roll, there is a message: "For ESTELLE Thanks For So Much". This is a reference to Estelle Endler, one of the executive producers of the film. She was also Dangerfield's manager and helped him get into films like Caddyshack. She had died during the filming of Back to School, so he dedicated the film to her.
Thornton Melon is a rags-to-riches story. The son of an Italian immigrant tailor, he is shown as a boy (Jason Hervey) in his father's shop, bearing a report card with poor grades. His ambition is to go into his father's line of work, but his father reprimands Thornton for his poor schoolwork, and tells him "if a man's got no education, he's got nothing."
As decades pass, Thornton is shown opening his first "Tall and Fat" clothing store and eventually becoming a corporate giant, complete with a TV commercial in which he asks: "Are you a large person? Pleasantly plump? A little on the hefty side, perhaps? Well, let's face it: are you fat? When you go jogging, do you leave potholes? When you make love, do you have to give directions? At the zoo, do elephants throw you peanuts? Do you look at a menu and say, 'Okay'?" He also has changed his last name to "Melon" (from the original "Meloni").
After his college-student son Jason cancels a visit, Thornton goes home to Vanessa, his second wife. Thornton is a widower and Vanessa is a money-hungry, aspiring socialite, unable to bear her crude husband. Upon agreeing to a divorce, he threatens to expose her adulterous affairs after she threatens to sue him for half of his net worth.
Thornton tells his friend, chauffeur and bodyguard Lou to drive him to Jason's college. It turns out Jason has been keeping secrets from his father. He is not on the Grand Lakes diving team but instead works as a towel boy, treated badly by star diver Chas Osborn. Jason has only his best friend Derek for support and intends to drop out. Thornton pleads with him, offering to go to college with his son if he'll stay, and also tells Jason that he has no reason to be ashamed of his failures, considering Thornton's early mediocre life.
Possessing neither a high school diploma nor any transcripts or SAT scores, Thornton’s efforts seem to be stalled. But when the university's "Dean" Martin -– a play on Dean Martin -– asks how he can possibly admit an unqualified student, the next scene cuts to a groundbreaking of the university's new Thornton Melon School of Business.
Thornton's bribery earns him the wrath of Dr. Philip Barbay, dean of the business school. The wrath is further exacerbated when Dr. Barbay's ivory tower ways are at odds with Thornton's knowledge of business gained from actual experience. Thornton promptly strikes up a romance with Dr. Diane Turner, an attractive literature professor who is dating Dr. Barbay.
At the same time, Jason begins to attract the interest of Valerie Desmond, a girl that Chas has been trying to impress. Jason's popularity on campus also increases thanks to his father’s generosity and party-throwing. Jason even earns a spot on the diving team as well after Thornton—who claims to have once been a spectacular diver himself—talks the Grand Lakes coach into giving the kid another look.
As a student, even though Diane is inspiring a deeper appreciation of literature, Thornton prefers partying to studying. He hires a team of professionals to complete his assignments, including author Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. for a major literature paper this supposed to be on Kurt Vonnegut Jr. But to Thornton's surprise, Diane gives Thornton an F on his paper. Diane, who is very disappointed in Thornton, tells him that she will not accept work from him that was written by someone else and adds that whoever did write the paper doesn't know the first thing about Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. Thornton’s fraud is exposed by Dr. Barbay, who challenges him before Dean Martin to pass an oral examination from all of his professors. If Thornton fails any part of it, he will be expelled. Not believing that he will be able to pass that oral exam, Thornton packs up and prepares to leave, knowing that he can't be expelled if he drops out. But Jason stops him and reminds him of how he wanted to drop out but Thornton talked him out of it. Jason believes that Thornton can do it and says that they'll help him. Thornton then decides that he's up to the challenge.
With limited time to prepare, Thornton crams for exams with help from Jason, Derek, Lou and Diane. When the big day comes, Barbay begins by telling Thornton that he has only one question, "...in 27 parts." Thornton passes, nevertheless, after Dr. Turner inspires him with Dylan Thomas' poem "Do not go gentle into that good night".
At the championship swim meet, a little distraction from Derek fouls up the opposing team’s dives. Chas gives a lackluster dive, followed by a near-perfect performance from Jason. Chas fakes a cramp out of spite in an effort to make the team lose. This gives the coach an inspiration. He calls upon Thornton, who comes out of the grandstand to perform an “impossible” dive, the legendary “Triple Lindy", to win the meet.
Thornton learns that he has passed all his classes with a B, except from Diane, who has given him an A. The movie closes with Thornton lecturing the graduating class that the real world is hard, so: "Move back in with your parents... let them worry about it!"
- Rodney Dangerfield as Thornton Melon
- Sally Kellerman as Dr. Diane Turner
- Burt Young as Lou
- Keith Gordon as Jason Melon
- Robert Downey, Jr. as Derek Lutz
- Paxton Whitehead as Dr. Phillip Barbay
- Sam Kinison as Professor Terguson
- Terry Farrell as Valerie Desmond
- M. Emmet Walsh as Coach Turnbull
- Adrienne Barbeau as Vanessa Melon
- William Zabka as Chas Osborne
- Ned Beatty as "Dean" David Martin
- Severn Darden as Dr. Borozini
- Jason Hervey as Young Thornton
- Kurt Vonnegut as Himself (cameo)
The film received mainly positive reviews from critics and is the 6th highest grossing film of 1986 (records state that in addition to the rental and theatrical gross it received, it went on to gross $108,634,920 globally). On Rotten Tomatoes' Tomatometer, it shows that 92% of 24 critics' reviews were positive.  Roger Ebert's Chicago Sun-Times consensus read: "This is exactly the sort of plot Marx or Fields could have appeared in. Dangerfield brings it something they might also have brought along: a certain pathos." 
|Back to School|
|Soundtrack album by Various Artists|
|Genre||Pop, Rock, Soul|
Track listing (soundtrack) 
|1.||"Back to School"||Richard Wolf & Mark Leonard||Jude Cole||4:16|
|2.||"Educated Girl"||Bobby Caldwell||4:07|
|3.||"Learnin' and Livin'"||Tyson & Schwartz||3:25|
|4.||"Everybody's Crazy" (from Everybody's Crazy, 1985)||Bolton||Michael Bolton||4:37|
|5.||"I'll Never Forget Your Face"||Wolf||Phillip Ingram||4:07|
|6.||"Twist and Shout" (Isley Brothers cover, original 1962)||Phil Medley, Bert Russell||Rodney Dangerfield||2:51|
|7.||"Dead Man's Party" (from Dead Man's Party, 1985)||Danny Elfman||Oingo Boingo||6:17|
|8.||"On My Way"||Tyson & Schwartz||3:30|
|9.||"Respect" (from I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You, 1967)||Otis Redding||Aretha Franklin||2:24|
See also 
- "Box office / business for Back to School". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- Thomas, Kevin (12 June 1986). "Movie Review : 'Back' Gets Laughs, And Respect, Too". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- Darnton, Nina (13 June 1986). "Back to School". New York Times. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- Back to School at Rotten Tomatoes
- Ebert, Roger (13 June 1986). "Back to School". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Back to School|
- Back to School at the Internet Movie Database
- Back to School at AllRovi
- Back to School at Rotten Tomatoes