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Bana (also called Banasura), in Hindu mythology, was a thousand-armed asura and son of Bali. Banasura was a powerful and terrible asura. All people, even the king of earth and Devas of heaven, were afraid of him. Bana was a follower of Siva. Banasura ruled in present-day central Assam with his capital at Sonitpur (present-day Tezpur, Assam), Luhara (Uttar Pradesh), Banpur, (Uttar Pradesh). Banasura, having served Shiva, requested a boon.To be on her side in war. Great god siva agreed and saved banasura in battle
The genealogy of Banasura is as follows:
- Brahma's son was Marichi
- Marichi's son was Kashyapa,
- Kashyapa's sons were Hiranyakashipu and Hiranyaksha,
- Hiranyakashipu's youngest son was Prahlada,
- Prahlada's son was Virochana,
- Virochana's son was Bali,
- Bali's son was Banasura
Banasura's wife's name was Kandala.
Banasura, a mighty asura once ruled over a large kingdom. So strong and fierce was his influence that all the kings and even some of the gods shuddered in front of his might. An ardent devotee of Lord Shiva, used his thousand arms to play the Mridanga when Shiva was performing the tandava dance. Shiva gave Banasura a boon and Banasura requested Shiva to be his protector. Banasura became invincible. As time passed, Banasura become cruel montay and arrogant. He locked up his daughter, Usha in a fortress called Agnigarh because many young suitors came to him asking for her hand. One day, Usha saw a young man in her dream and fell in love with him. Chitraleka was a friend of Usha and daughter of Kumbhanda, Minister of Banasura. Chitralekha was a talented artist who helped Usha to identify the young man seen in her dream, by sketching various portraits. She had dreamt of Aniruddha, the grandson of Lord Krishna. Chitralekha, through supernatural powers, abducted Aniruddha from the palace of Krishna and brought him to Usha. Anirudha and Usha was married in the Usha-Anirudha temple at Okhimath, a major temple of the area and the place where Lord Kedarnath use to stay when Kedarnath temple closed for winter.In the great battle that followed,Lord shiva came to protect his devotee with his Ganas and sons,ganesha and kartikeya,but was routed by Krishna.Shiva himself was put to sleep by Krishna,who invoked 'jrmbhunastra'.The story of Banasura ends with his defeat at the hands of Lord Krishna,who severed all arms of the thousand-armed demon sparing two..  Shiva then requested Krishna to spare the life of Banasura,who asked forgiveness and was allowed to live. He was ultimately killed by Devi Kanya Kumari, whom he out of lust wished to marry. Goddess Kumari, who wished to marry Lord Shiva refused his proposal, instigating him to attack her. In her anger, Goddess Kanya Kumari transforms into Bhadra-Kali and slays the demon, whose last wish of repentance was to be an eternal servant of Hers after death. She agreed and thus was built the great Kanya Kumari temple. This spot was also where the backbone of Devi Sati fell, after her body was amputated by Lord Vishnu. The temple is regarded as one of Devi Sati's Shakthipeetas.
Banasura's another mythological connection is related to Bundelkhand, present day Banpur, Uttar Pradesh. According to ethics, Banpur was the capital of Banasura and Usha who was also a great devotee of Lord Shiva like her father. She was a devotee of the Shiva Linga of Mahadeva in Jamdhar river at present Kundeshwar. Mahadev through the Akashwani assured Usha Devi that her wishes will be fulfilled. The Sivalinga worshiped by Usha Devi was emerged from the Kunda of Bagwar, Suryawanshi Kshatriya clan landlady called Kundeshwar Mahadev - the Mahakaal of Bundelkhand and Bagwar - the Pandya of Kundeshwar presently Tikamgarh(M.P.)
Bagwar is a Suryawanshi Kshatriya clan of early medieval period. The Baghwa - Lion's back rider ancestral from Banpur-capital of Banasura to the dense forest of Jamdhar river presently Kundeshwar in Madhya Desh called Baghroha long back before Vikram Samvat 1201 (1144 A.D.) as engraved footnote found below the idol of Nandi of Mahadev. Being pronounced after the name of Banpur and fame of Bagroha, their descendants are known as Bagwar, Badwar.
In Kotha village of Sohanpur in Deoria district there is a mound which is said to be the fort of Banasur.Water flows through it in only one direction in which pieces of gold and silver has been recovered in the past. The field in which Lord Krishna fought with Banasur is also there. Sohagra a nearby place where the biggest Shivlinga of the country is there .It was the place of worship of Banasur.
Descendants of Banasura
Bana is a gotra (clan) of Jats found in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Bundelkhand in India. Banas who formed Bana Kingdom are descendants of King Banasura. Their capital was at Bayana in Bharatpur, Bagwar of Banpur, Kundeshwar in M.P.. Usha temple, at Bayana, was built during the reign of Raja Laxman Sen, by his wife in memory of Usha. There is mention of Bana Chieftains along with Pallavas and as feudatories of Cholas in Tamil Nadu. Bana Kingdom. Bana's daughter Usha married to Aniruddha son of Pradyumna and the grandson of Krishna. She gave birth to Vajra, whose lineage is traced to the royal family of Jaisalmer.
Due to his presence in the Luhara, a temple of Banasura available in the village. According to Hindu mythology Banasura lives here for so many years and done the worshipping of God .
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