Banta also known as Goli Soda or Goti Soda (Goti = marble in Hindi) is a colloquial term for carbonated lemon or orange-flavoured soft drink popular in India Though the origin of its name isn't clear, Banta has been selling since 1872, long before popular carbonated drinks arrived, the drink is often sold mixed with, lemon juice, crushed ice, 'masala', and kala namak (black salt) as a carbonated variants of popular lemonades shikanjvi or jal-jeera, It is available at price at street-sellers known as bantawallah, at prices ranging from 5 (8.3¢ US) - 30 (50¢ US).
Similar a Japanese lemon drink, Ramune, Banta is popular across North India especially capital Delhi, where it is known as “Delhi’s local drink”, nimbu lemon soda or kanchay waali drink, especially in Old Delhi, and University and college campuses. In South India it is known as Goli Soda, due to the goli (marble) in neck of the bottle. The states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh have a local variant, paneer soda.
It is available in a Codd-neck bottle a heavy glass bottle in which a round marble seals the mouth of the bottle by the pressure of the contents, instead of a cap. The distinctive bottle has led to the drink also being called goli soda in South India.
The banta bottles is bottled largely by the unorganized manufacturers, which sell a bottle for as little as 2. Delhi itself, over 100 single-room bottling units. During the bottling process, a chemical flavouring agent known as Lemon No. 1. by International Flavors & Fragrances (IFF) is added, the agent is also used in ice cream to pharmaceuticals industry.
Prior to independence, the Codd bottles were imported from England, however post-independence, local manufactures came up, like many factories in Ahmedabad. Today a major the Codd-neck bottle manufacturer in India, is Khandelwal Glass Works (since 1981), at Sasni, Uttar Pradesh, after Mahalakshmi Glass Works in Hyderabad, closed down a few years ago. Before the retry of popular soft drinks, like Pepsi and Coca Cola in 1993, the sale of Banta reached its peak in early 1990s, selling 100,000 bags per annum, with each a bag containing of 75 bottles or 75,00,000 bottles per annum, by 2010 it has dropped to nearly half.
- http://travel.outlookindia.com/article.aspx?261158[dead link]
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