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Barbara Simons (born 1941) is a computer scientist and past president of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). She is founder and former Chair of USACM, the ACM U.S. Public Policy Committee. Her main areas of research are compiler optimization and scheduling theory. Together with Douglas W. Jones, Simons co-authored a book on electronic voting entitled Broken Ballots.
Life and career
After receiving her Ph.D. in 1981 in computer science from the University of California, Berkeley, she joined the Research Division of IBM, from which she took early retirement in 1998. In 1992, Science featured her in a special edition on women in science. In 2005 Simons became the first woman to receive the Distinguished Engineering Alumni Award from the College of Engineering of U.C. Berkeley.
She served on the President’s Export Council’s Subcommittee on Encryption and on the Information Technology-Sector of the President's Council on the Year 2000 Conversion. She is on the Board of Directors of VerifiedVoting.org. She has also been on the boards of the U. C. Berkeley Engineering Fund, the Electronic Privacy Information Center, Public Knowledge, and the Oxford Internet Institute, as well as the Advisory Council of the Public Interest Registry’s ORG. She has testified before both the U.S. and state legislatures and at government sponsored hearings. She was runner-up in the first (and only) election for the North America seat on the ICANN Board.
Simons co-founded the Reentry Program for Women and Minorities in the Computer Science Department at U.C. Berkeley. She is also on the Boards of the Coalition to Diversify Computing (CDC) and the Berkeley Foundation for Opportunities in Information Technology (BFOIT), groups that work at increasing participation in computer science of women and underrepresented minorities.
Work on Voting Technology Policy
Since at least 2002 Simons has been a critic of unauditable electronic voting and is generally credited as a key player in getting the League of Women Voters to change its stance on this issue. Initially the League had seen electronic voting mainly as a way to minimize invalidly cast ballots, but at their June 2004 convention she led a successful fight to get this policy reversed to one of giving priority to voting machines that are "recountable".
She was a member of the National Workshop on Internet Voting that was convened at the request of President Clinton and produced a report on Internet Voting in 2001. She also participated on the Security Peer Review Group for the US Department of Defense’s Internet voting project (SERVE) and co-authored the report that led to the cancellation of SERVE because of security concerns. Simons co-chaired the ACM study of statewide databases of registered voters. She recently co-authored the League of Women Voters report on election auditing. In 2008 she was appointed to the Election Assistance Commission Board of Advisors by Senator Harry Reid.
Awards and honors
- CPSR Norbert Wiener Award for Professional and Social Responsibility in Computing (1992)
- ACM Fellow (1993)
- American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow (1993)
- Named by Open Computing as one of the top 100 women in computing
- Selected by CNET as one of 26 Internet "Visionaries" (1995)
- Electronic Frontier Foundation Pioneer Award (1998)
- U. C. Berkeley Computer Science Department Distinguished Alumnus Award in Computer Science and Engineering (2000)
- ACM Outstanding Contribution Award (2002)
- Computing Research Association Distinguished Service Award (2004)
- University of California, Berkeley College of Engineering Distinguished Engineering Alumni Award (2005)
- U.S. Election Assistance Commission Board of Advisors (2008)
- Douglas W. Jones and Barbara Simons, Broken Ballots, Center for the Study of Language and Information / University of Chicago Press, 2012. See also 
- Ronnie Dugger, "How They Could Steal the Election This Time", The Nation, p.13 August 16/23, 2004
- David Jefferson, Aviel D. Rubin, Barbara Simons and David Wagner, A Security Analysis of the Secure Electronic Registration and Voting Experiment (SERVE), Jan. 20, 2004.
- Press Release, [Pentagon Decides Against Internet Voting http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=27362], American Forces Press Service, Feb. 6, 2004.
- Paula Hawthorn and Barbara Simons (co-chairs), Statewide Databases of Registered Voters: Study Of Accuracy, Privacy, Usability, Security, and Reliability Issues, U.S. Public Policy Committee of the Association for Computing Machinery, Feb. 2006.
- Eleciton Audits Task Force, Report on Election Auditing, League of Women Voters of the United States, Jan. 2009.