|Nickname(s): navlaram ji|
|Elevation||227 m (745 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Origin of name
The name Barmer is derived from the ruler Bahada Rao Parmar (Panwar) or Bar Rao Parmar (Panwar) who is said to have founded the town in the 13th century, when it was named Bahadamer (“The Hill Fort of Bahada”).
In the 2001 India census, Barmer had a population of 83,517. Males constituted 54% of the population and females 46%. Barmer had an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 63% of the males and 37% of females literate. In 2001 in Barmer, 15% of the population was under 6 years of age.
To the immediate west of the town lie the remains of Juna or Juna Barmer and to the south are the ruins of three Jain temples. There is an inscription dated 1295 AD on one of the pillars of the hall of the largest temple at Juna. This mentions a Maharajakula Sri Samanta Sinha Deva ruling Barmer at the time. Barmer is famous for its carved wooden furniture and hand block printing industry, woolen industries, gaur industries, oil.
The major festival in town is the Barmer Thar Festival, started as a practice to enhance the tourism potential of this town. During the annual Barmer festival in March, the town is at its colourful best and that is the best time to visit Barmer.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.