|Barmer or Mallinath or Malani
"बाड़मेर" "मल्लिनाथ" "मलानी"
|• Total||28,387 km2 (10,960 sq mi)|
|Area rank||No. 5|
|Elevation||227 m (745 ft)|
|• Density||92/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Origin of name
In earlier times, the district was known by the name "Mallinath" (मल्लिनाथ). Mallinath was the son of Rao Salkha and Mallinath is a God who is still worshiped by Rajputs. The whole area around the river "Luni" was said to have "Malani" or "मलानी", derived from the name Mallinath. In the 18th century the name "Barmer" or "Balmer" was adopted by the British rulers of India and is derived from the name of the earlier 13th century ruler Bahada Rao Parmar (Panwar) or Bar Rao Parmar (Panwar), it was named Bahadamer ("The Hill Fort of Bahada").
As per census of the 2011 India, District Barmer had population of 2,603,751 of which male and female were 1,369,022 and 1,234,729 respectively. The population of 0-6year age range is 22% proportion to total population of district. Barmer had an average literacy rate of 56.53%, for gender wise 70% of the males and 40% of females literate.
The city is home to a goddess temple (Jagatambe MAA), which lies in the mountains at a height of approx 450 feet (140 m) and was built around 500 years ago. The oldest Jain temple in the city is "Chintamani Parshvanath" (चिंतामणि पार्श्वनाथ). Built by Shri Nemaji Jivaji Bohra in the 16th century, it is located at Mountain Hill at a height of 150 feet (46 m). The temple is well furnished with glass work and images and is said to be identical to the "Gaudi Parsvanath"( can be compared with Jain temple in Mumbai)
Some 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) west of the town lie the remains of Juna or Juna Barmer, the headquarters of Barmer prior to the 16th century. In Juna there are the ruins of three Jain temples. There is an inscription dated 1295 AD on one of the pillars of the hall of the largest temple at Juna. This mentions that the state was rich in Jain population at the time. Nowadays, the Jain population has shifted to Barmer city. History mentions a Maharajakula Sri Samanta Sinha Deva ruling Barmer at the time. The temple now lacks an image of God.
To the Northwest there is beautiful old ruin temple of Lord Shiva in Keradu pr Kherdhar or Keralu which might have constructed before the 6th century at the time of "Parmar" Dynasty. There are 4-5 Big Temple structure of Golden colour and a Sun Temple. The temple is well entitled as "Khajuraoh of Rajasthan". The design of the temple are identicle to the Khajuraoh Temple and Sun Temple at Orrisa. The temple is ruin and with lack of images of God and Goddess. The Keradu was earlier Headquarter of Barmer and it was attacked by Mohammad Gauri in 1140AD who had destroyed the temple structure and its images.
Barmer is noted for its camel milk, large cattle fair (Tilwara), carved wooden furniture, hand block printing, handicrafts, woolen industries, guar industries among others.
Barmer is the biggest crude oil producer in India with a production capacity of approx 3 Lac Barrels/Day. A refinery of 9mppd is planned 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Barmer in Pachpadra.
The major festival in the town is the Barmer Thar Festival, started as a practice to enhance the tourism potential of this town. During the annual Barmer festival in March, the town is at its colourful best and that is the best time to visit Barmer.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.