|Barmer or Mallinath or Malani
"बाड़मेर" "मल्लिनाथ" "मलानी"
|• Total||28,387 km2 (10,960 sq mi)|
|Area rank||No. 5|
|Elevation||227 m (745 ft)|
|• Density||92/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Barmer (Hindi: बाड़मेर) is the district headquarter of the Barmer district in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is a city Gorup 'C' city as per living standard, and the headquarters for Barmer Taluka.
Origin of name
In Earlier era the place was well known by the name "मल्लिनाथ" or "Mallinath". The "मल्लिनाथ" was son of Rao Salkha or "मल्लिनाथ" is a God which is also worshiped till date by Rajputs. The whole area around the river "Luni" was said to have "Malani" or "मलानी", derived from the name "मल्लिनाथ". In 18th Century the name "Barmer" or "Balmer" have been famous by British Rulers and is derived from the earlier ruler of 13th century Bahada Rao Parmar (Panwar) or Bar Rao Parmar (Panwar),it was named Bahadamer (“The Hill Fort of Bahada”).
As per census of the 2011 India, District Barmer had population of 2,603,751 of which male and female were 1,369,022 and 1,234,729 respectively. The population of 0-6year age range is 22% proportion to total population of district. Barmer had an average literacy rate of 56.53%, for gender wise 70% of the males and 40% of females literate. 
Barmer is beautiful and livelihood place having a great cool night here. The city is having a goddess temple ( Jagatambe MAA)at mountain having hight of approx 450 Feet and built around 500 years ago. The city is fully covered with the Jain Temples at different place. The oldest Jain temple of City known as "चिंतामणि पार्श्वनाथ" "Chintamani Parshvanath" built by Shri Nemaji Jivaji Bohra in 16th Century is located at mountain Hill at a hight of 150Feet. The temple is well furnished with Glass work and image is said to be identical with the "Gaudi Parsvanath"( can be compared with jain temple in Mumbai)
To the immediate west of the town lie at 12kms the remains of Juna or Juna Barmer. The Juna was earlier headquarter of barmer before 16th century. In Juna there are the ruins of three Jain temples. There is an inscription dated 1295 AD on one of the pillars of the hall of the largest temple at Juna. This mention the state was rich in Jain population at the time. Now a days population has been shifted to Barmer city which is rich in Jain population, Temple & scenarios. The History mentions a Maharajakula Sri Samanta Sinha Deva ruling Barmer at the time. The temple is now in lack of image of God.
In the NorthWest there is beautiful old ruin temple of Lord Shiva in Keradu pr Kherdhar or Keralu which might have constructed before 6th century at the time of "Parmar" Dynasty. There are 4-5 Big Temple structure of Golden colour and a Sun Temple. The temple is well entitled as "Khajuraoh of Rajasthan". The design of the temple are identicle to the Khajuraoh Temple and Sun Temple at Orrisa. The temple is ruin and with lack of images of God and Goddess. The Keradu was earlier Headquarter of Barmer and it was attacked by Mohammad Gauri in 1140AD who had destroyed the temple structure and its images.
Barmer is very famous for its Camel Milk, Biggest Cattle Fair (Tilwara), carved wooden furniture and hand block printing industry, Handicraft Industry, woolen industries, guar industries,etc.
Barmer is the biggest Crude Oil Producer in India at World Map having the production capacity of approx 3 Lac Barrels/Day. The Refinery of 9mppd is planned to set up at 100Km from Barmer in Pachpadra in future.
The major festival in town is the Barmer Thar Festival, started as a practice to enhance the tourism potential of this town. During the annual Barmer festival in March, the town is at its colourful best and that is the best time to visit Barmer.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.