Indian Administrative Service
|Training Ground||Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie|
|Controlling Authority||Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension, Department of Personnel and Training|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government service|
|General nature||Policy Formulation
Advisors to Ministers
Managing bureaucracy (Center and State)
|Preceding service||Imperial Civil Service (1893–1946)|
|Cadre Size||4737 members (direct recruitment – 3398, promotion – 1339) (2013)|
|Association||IAS officers Association|
|Head of the Civil Services|
Current: Ajit Seth
The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is the administrative civil service of the Government of India. IAS officers hold key positions in the Union Government, State governments and public-sector undertakings. Along with the police and forest services, the IAS is one of the three All India Services—its cadre can be employed both by the union government and the states.
IAS officers are recruited by the Union government on the recommendation of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and posted under various State governments. The officers carry high respect and stature in the society coupled with the significant task of administering public offices, making it one of the most desirable jobs in India. While the respective State Governments have control over them, they can not censure or take disciplinary action against an IAS officer or an All-India service officer, without consulting the Union Government.
The examination for getting into IAS is conducted by the UPSC. It has three stages (preliminary, mains and interview) and is considered to be extremely challenging. Entry into the IAS is considered very difficult. Almost all of the applicants rank IAS as their top choice because of the high prestige and diversity of career it offers. For example, in the 2011 batch, of the 425 selected candidates, 370 indicated IAS as their first preference, 25 chose IFS and 15 IRS, and 15 chose IPS. But when it came to second preference, 246 candidates marked IRS as their choice, while only 120 marked IPS as their second choice and 49 as IFS.
The direct recruitment of a candidate into IAS is by the examination conducted by UPSC as mentioned. However, recruitment into IAS is also done by appointment by selection through powers conferred by section 3 of the All India Services Act of 1951 (61 of 1951) and in pursuance of sub-rule (2) of rule 8 of the Indian Administrative Service (Recruitment) Rules of 1954 and in super-session of the Indian Administrative Service (Appointment by Selection) Regulations of 1956.
In the year 2013, UPSC has come up with the new pattern and new syllabus for conducting the IAS exam. Prior to 2013, the candidates were required to take two optional subjects but as per the new syllabus the aspirants are now required to choose only one. In the new pattern more weightage is given to the General Studies paper.
Allocation and placement
After being selected, candidates are not allocated to "cadres." There is one cadre in each Indian state, except for three joint cadres: Assam–Meghalaya, Manipur–Tripura, and Arunachal Pradesh–Goa–Mizoram–Union Territories (AGMUT).
The "insider-outsider ratio" (ratio of officers who are posted in their home states) is maintained as 1:2. as 'insiders'. The rest are posted outsiders according to the 'roster' in states other than their home states. Till 2008 there was no choice for any state cadre and the candidates, if not placed in the insider vacancy of their home states, were allotted to different states in alphabetic order of the roster, beginning with the letters A,H,M,T for that particular year. For example if in a particular year the roster begins from 'A', which means the first candidate in the roster will go to the Andhra Pradesh state cadre of IAS, the next one to Bihar, and subsequently to Chhattisgarh, Gujarat and so on in alphabetical order. The next year the roster starts from 'H', for either Haryana or Himachal Pradesh.( if it has started from Haryana in the previous occasion when it all started from 'H', then this time it would start from Himachal Pradesh). This highly intricate system has on one hand ensured that officers from different states are placed all over India, it has also resulted in wide disparities in the kind of professional exposure for officers, when we compare officers in small and big and also developed and backward state, since the system ensures that the officers are permanently placed to one state cadre. The only way the allotted state cadre can be changed is by marriage to an officer of another state cadre of IAS/IPS/IFS. One can even go to his home state cadre on deputation for a limited period, after which one has to invariably return to the cadre allotted to him or her.
The centralising effect of these measures was considered extremely important by the system's framers, but has received increasing criticism over the years. In his keynote address at the 50th anniversary of the Service in Mussoorie, former Cabinet Secretary Nirmal Mukarji argued that separate central, state and local bureaucracies should eventually replace the IAS as an aid to efficiency. There are also concerns that without such reform, the IAS will be unable to "move from a command and control strategy to a more interactive, interdependent system".
Functions of the civil servant/Officer
A civil servant is responsible for the law and order and general administration in the area under his work. Typically the functions of an IAS officer are as follows:
- To handle the daily affairs of the government, including framing and implementation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge of the concerned ministry.
- Implementation of policy requires supervision.
- Implementation requires travelling to places where the policies are being implemented.
- Implementation also includes expenditure of public funds which again requires personal supervision as the officers are answerable to the Parliament and State Legislature for any irregularities that may occur.
- In the process of policy formulation and decision making, officers at various levels like joint secretary, deputy secretary make their contributions and the final shape to the policy is given or a final decision is taken with the concurrence of the minister concerned or the cabinet depending upon the gravity the issue.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is remembered as the "Patron Saint" of India's civil servants for establishing modern all-India services. In an unprecedented and unrepeated gesture, on the day after his death more than 1,500 officers of India's civil and police services congregated to mourn at Patel's residence in Delhi and pledged "complete loyalty and unremitting zeal" in India's service. |Dev
Most IAS officers start their careers in the state administration at the sub-divisional level as a sub divisional magistrate. They are entrusted with the law and order situation of the city along with general administration and development work of the areas under their charge. The post of District Officer is also known as District Magistrate, District Collector, or Deputy Commissioner. Since it is the most identifiable position in the IAS services, it is also the post which most people identify with IAS. At the top of the hierarchy of IAS officers at the Centre is the Cabinet Secretary followed by Secretary/Additional Secretary, Joint Secretary, Director, Deputy Secretary and Under Secretary. These posts are filled according to seniority.
|Grade||Position in the State Government(s) or Central government||Pay Scale|
|Cabinet Secretary Grade||Cabinet Secretary of India||90,000 (fixed) plus grade pay-Nil|
|Apex Scale||Chief Secretary of States, Union Secretaries in charge of various ministries of Government of India||80,000 (fixed) plus grade pay-Nil|
|Above Super Time Sc||Principal Secretaries/Financial Commissioners in states, Additional Secretaries to the Government of India||37,400-67,000 plus grade pay of 12,000|
|Super Time Scale||Secretary in state government or position of Joint Secretary to the Government of India or Divisional Commissioners||37,400-67,000 plus grade pay of 10000|
|Selection Grade||District collector or Special Secretary in the state government or a Director in the central government||37,400-67,000 plus grade Pay of 8700|
|Junior Administrative Grade||District collector or the Municipal Commissioner or a Deputy Secretary in the central government||15,600-39,100 plus grade pay of 7600|
|Senior Time Scale||Chief Development Officer in District or Joint Secretary in State or Under Secretary in Central government||15,600-39,100 plus grade pay of 6600|
|Junior Time Scale||Sub-Divisional Magistrate (Entry)||15,600-39,100 plus grade pay of 5400|
- Indian bureaucracy at the crossroads, by Syamal Kumar Ray. Published by Sterling, 1979.
- Corruption in Indian politics and bureaucracy, by Satyavan Bhatnagar, S. K. Sharma, Panjab University. Published by Ess Ess Publications, 1991. ISBN 81-7000-123-4.
- Breaking Free of Nehru (particularly chapter 5), by Sanjeev Sabhlok, Published by Anthem Press, 2008.
- Civil Services of India
- All India Service
- Indian Forest Service
- Indian Police Service
- Indian Revenue Service
- "2013 Total Cadre strength of IAS as on January 2013". Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- Union Public Service Commission (14 April 2003). "Selection procedure for appointment of Non-SCS officers to the IAS under IAS (Appointment by Selection) Regulations 1997". Union Public Service Commission. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- Union Public Service Commission (14 April 2003). "All India Services: Recruitment and Promotions". Union Public Service Commission. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- Mukarji, Nirmal. Speech published "Restructuring the Bureaucracy: Do We Need the All-India Services?"in Arora, Balveer and Radin, Beryl, Eds. The Changing Role of the All-India Services: An assessment and agenda for future research on federalism and the All-India services. New Delhi: Centre for Policy Research, 2000.
- Radin, B.A. (2007). "The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) in the 21 stCentury: Living in an Intergovernmental Environment". International Journal of Public Administration 30 (12): 1525–1548. doi:10.1080/01900690701229848. Retrieved 11 June 2008.
- Exam Result IAS information website
- Panjabi, Indomitable Sardar, pp. 157–58
- One Stop IAS
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Indian Administrative Service.|