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Origin Monte Arioso, Basilicata
Mouth Ionian Sea
Basin countries Italy
Length 149 km (93 mi)
Source elevation 1722 m
Avg. discharge 12.2 m³/s
Basin area 1,537 km2 (593 sq mi)

The Basento (Latin Casuentus) is a river in southern Italy. It rises at Monte Arioso in the southern Apennine Mountains, west of Potenza. It flows into the Gulf of Taranto, which is part of the Ionian Sea, in Metaponto. The main city on the Basento is Potenza, the capital of Basilicata.

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Coordinates: 40°20′N 16°49′E / 40.333°N 16.817°E / 40.333; 16.817