Bath Locks

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Entering Bath Deep Lock

Bath Locks (grid reference ST756643) are a series of locks situated on the Kennet and Avon Canal, at Bath, England.

Bath Bottom Lock, which is numbered as No 7 on the canal is the meeting with the River Avon just south of Pulteney Bridge.[1] Alongside the lock is a side pond and pumping station which pumps water up the locks to replace that used each time the lock is opened.[2]

Bath Deep Lock

The next stage of Bath Deep Lock is numbered 8/9 as two locks were combined when the canal was restored in 1976. A road constructed while the canal was in a state of disrepair passes over the original site of the lower lock.[3] The new chamber has a depth of 19 feet 5 inches, making it Britain's second deepest canal lock.[4]

Narrow boats in Bath Deep Lock

Just above the 'deep lock' is an area of water enabling the lock to refill and above this is Wash House Lock (number 10),[5] and soon after by Abbey View Lock (number 11), a grade II listed building[6] by which there is another pumping station and in quick succession Pulteney Lock (12) and Bath top Lock (13).[7]

A iron bridge spanning water. In the background is a yellow stone building. On the left tress reach out over the water.
Cleveland House and the cast iron bridges of Sydney Gardens, Bath

Above the top lock the canal passes through Sydney Gardens where it passes through two tunnels[8][9] and under two cast iron footbridges dating from 1800. Cleveland tunnel is 173 feet long and runs under Cleveland House, the former headquarters of the Kennet and Avon Canal Company. A trap-door in the tunnel roof was employed to exchange paperwork between clerks above and barges below.[10] This is now a grade II* listed building.[11]

Many of the bridges over the canal are also listed buildings.[12][13][14][14][15][16][17]

The locks were restored in 1968 by a collaboration involving staff from British Waterways and volunteer labour.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bath Bottom Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  2. ^ "former engine house". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  3. ^ "Second Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  4. ^ "Deepest Canal Locks in England". Pennine Waterways. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-02. 
  5. ^ "Wash House Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  6. ^ "Abbey View Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  7. ^ "Top Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  8. ^ "Tunnel under Beckford Road". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  9. ^ "Tunnel under Cleveland House and Sydney Road". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  10. ^ Pearson, Michael (2003). Kennet & Avon Middle Thames:Pearson's Canal Companion. Rugby: Central Waterways Supplies. ISBN 0-907864-97-X. 
  11. ^ "Cleveland House". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  12. ^ "Footbridge Adjoining Top Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  13. ^ "Footbridge adjoining Wash House Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  14. ^ a b "Footbridge over Canal". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  15. ^ "Canal Bridge". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  16. ^ "Bridge over Canal". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  17. ^ "Canal Bridge (Pulteney Gardens)". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  18. ^ "Kennet & Avon Canal". Inland Waterways Association. Retrieved 17 May 2011. 

See also[edit]

Next lock upstream Kennet and Avon Canal Next lock downstream
Bradford Lock Bath Locks
Grid reference: ST756643
Weston Lock

Coordinates: 51°22′37″N 2°21′6.5″W / 51.37694°N 2.351806°W / 51.37694; -2.351806