Avoncliff Aqueduct

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Avoncliff Aqueduct
Avoncliff 2008.jpg
Coordinates 51°19′58″N 2°17′05″W / 51.3329°N 2.2847°W / 51.3329; -2.2847Coordinates: 51°19′58″N 2°17′05″W / 51.3329°N 2.2847°W / 51.3329; -2.2847
OS grid reference ST802593
Carries Kennet and Avon Canal
Crosses River Avon,
Heart of Wessex Line
Locale Avoncliff
Maintained by British Waterways
Characteristics
Trough construction Brick and stone
Pier construction Brick and stone
Total length 330 feet (100 m)
Traversable? Yes
Towpaths Both
Longest span 60 feet (18 m)
Number of spans 3
History
Designer John Rennie
Construction begin 1797
Opened 1805

Avoncliff Aqueduct (grid reference ST803599) carries the Kennet and Avon Canal over the River Avon and the Bath to Westbury railway line, at Avoncliff in Wiltshire, England. It was built by John Rennie and chief engineer John Thomas, between 1797 and 1801. It is a Grade II* listed building.[1]

The aqueduct consists of three arches and is 110 yards (100 m) long with a central elliptical arch of 60 ft (18.3 m) span with two side arches each semicircular and 34 ft (10.4 m) across, all with V-jointed arch stones. The spandrel and wing walls are built in alternate courses of ashlar masonry, and rock-faced blocks.[2] The central span sagged soon after it was built and has been repaired many times.[3]

As part of the restoration of the canal the aqueduct was lined with a concrete "cradle" and made water-tight in 1980.[4]

Gallery[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic England. "Avoncliff Aqueduct (1021876)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "Avoncliff Aqueduct". Avoncliff. Retrieved 2013-05-07. 
  3. ^ Allsop, Niall (1987). The Kennet & Avon Canal. Bath: Millstream Book. ISBN 0-948975-15-6. 
  4. ^ "The Kennet and Avon Canal". Avoncliff. Retrieved 17 May 2011.