Battle for the A-9 highway

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Battle for the A-9 highway
Part of the Sri Lankan civil war
Operation Unceasing Waves III
Date March 27, 2000 – April 20, 2000
Location Sri Lanka
Result Tamil Tiger victory
Belligerents
Emblem of Sri Lanka.svg Military of Sri Lanka Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
Commanders and leaders
Unknown Velupillai Prabhakaran
Casualties and losses
203 killed
1,067 wounded[1]
317 killed[1]
50 civilians killed[1]

The Battle for the A-9 highway was fought in March and April 2000 for the control of the Sri Lankan A-9 highway.

Background[edit]

The A-9 highway connected the Sri Lankan capital with the northern Jaffna peninsula. More importantly, the Elephant Pass military base, was the only land route for Jaffna. If the rebels were going to surround Elephant Pass they would have to take the north-south highway.

Battle[edit]

On March 27, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, or Tamil Tigers, (LTTE), attacked the north-south highway. LTTE rebels attacked a coastal army base with a combined land and amphibious assault. The navy shot up the LTTE flotilla of small boats, but the ground attack continued. Heavy fighting continued into the night.

On March 28, the LTTE offensive was closing in on a four-base government complex. By next morning those bases fell. Several SLA tanks were also captured.

By March 30, the Tigers took another government base and managed to cut the A-9 highway. At this point, thousands of civilian refugees had fled the area. The air force had been hitting rebel columns caught in the open while the navy had prevented the rebels from landing reinforcements along the coast.

By April 3, the LTTE continued to hold a four kilometer stretch of the A-9 highway. However, more army reinforcements were coming in by air and sea, air strikes and navy ships were also hitting the rebels hard, stalling the LTTE offensive.

On April 11, the army managed, after two weeks of heavy fighting, to retake the A-9 highway and clear all rebel positions from it.

On April 18, however, the LTTE renewed its offensive on the A-9. And the next day they cut the A-9 highway again. By the next day all remaining SLA troops were in retreat toward the Elephant Pass military base, which was coming under heavy rebel artillery fire. Thus the operation to take the highway was a success for the Tigers and this led to more success in the battle for Elephant Pass, which fell three days later.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]