Battle of Beth Horon (166 BC)

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This article is about the battle between Hasmoneans and Hellenic Seleucid Empire. For the battle between Judean rebels and the Syrian Legion of the Roman Empire, see Battle of Beth Horon (66).
Battle of Beth Horon
Part of Maccabean Revolt
Date 166 BC
Location Beth-horon, ascent of Beit Horon
Result Jewish victory
Belligerents
Jewish rebels Seleucid army
Commanders and leaders
Judas Maccabeus Seron
Strength
1,000 men 4,000 men
Casualties and losses
Unknown 800

The Battle of Beth Horon was fought in 166 BC[1] between Jewish forces led by Judas Maccabaeus and a Seleucid Empire force under the command of Seron.[2][better source needed]

The rebel army led by Judas Maccabeus was growing in strength. They had just inflicted a crushing defeat upon the Seleucid General Apollonius and now they faced the forces of Governor Seron, who was overconfident.[3] With Maccabeus' superior knowledge of the terrain, the rebels prepared to ambush. Seron had anticipated this and spread out his force, but the Maccabees exhibited superior tactical skill by decimating the general's leading unit and killing Seron himself.[4] With their leader dead, the shocked and disconcerted remnants of the Seleucid army took to the hills and ran.

The stubborn Seleucids refused to give up their phalanx-based tactics creating problems for them on the battlefield.

Another force was soon sent against Maccabaeus, which led to the Battle of Emmaus.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ [Mattis Kantor, "The Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia," (1989: Jason Aronson, Inc., NJ), p.83]
  2. ^ Josephus Antiquities Book 12 Chapter 7 paragraph 1
  3. ^ The Apocrypha: First Book of the Maccabees 3:15-26 [trans. Goodspeed (1959), p. 384-385] and "Judas Maccabeus, Hammer of the Jews", Military Heritage Magazine, February 2009, pg. 49
  4. ^ "Judas Maccabeus, Hammer of the Jews", Military Heritage Magazine, February 2009, pg. 50