Battle of Catirai

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Battle of Catirai
Part of Arauco War
Date January 7, 1569
Location A steep wooded hill in Catirai
Result Mapuche Victory
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Spanish Empire Lautaro flag.svg Mapuche
Commanders and leaders
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Martín Ruiz de Gamboa Lautaro flag.svg Llanganabal,
Lautaro flag.svg Millalelmo

The Battle of Catirai on January 7, 1569 between the Mapuche army of Toqui Llanganabal and the Spanish army led by Martín Ruiz de Gamboa that resulted in a Mapuche victory.


In 1569. Llanganabal had risen to command the Moluche army with Millalelmo and other captains as his subordinates.[1] To resist the Spanish army under Governor Melchor Bravo de Saravia that had been burning the fields and rucas on the south bank of the Bio Bio River, in the aillarehue of Catirai across from Talcamávida. Llanganabal's deputy, Millalelmo had built a strong fortress on a hill in the area in a difficult position on steep wooded slopes. Despite the warnings of Lorenzo Bernal del Mercado who had reconoitered the position, Spaniards new to Chile and the Arauco War prevailed on Governor Saravia to order Martín Ruiz de Gamboa to take his command and attack the place.

Meanwhile Llanganabal had gathered all his army there at their fortress to resist the attack.

Gamboa's force was badly defeated while attempting to attack up the steep thickly wooded hill into Llanganabal's fortified position.[2]

Additional information[edit]



Coordinates: 37°11′08″S 72°55′58″W / 37.18556°S 72.93278°W / -37.18556; -72.93278