Bavarian football league system

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Bavarian football league system
Nation
 Germany
State
 Bavaria
Federation
Bavarian Football Association
Map
Map of Germany: Position of Bavaria highlighted
Level on Pyramid
Level 4 to 12

The Bavarian football league system of the Bavarian Football Association ranks within the German football league system. Its highest division, the Regionalliga Bayern, is currently the fourth tier of German football. The lowest league in Bavaria is currently the C-Klasse, which is the 12th tier of German football.

In 2012, the league system experienced a major overhaul when the Regionalliga Bayern was established, the Bayernliga split into two regional divisions and the Landesliga expanded from three to five divisions.[1]

The league system[edit]

Men[edit]

The top-tiers of the league system as operated from 2012–13 onwards:

Level

League(s)/Division(s)

I

Bundesliga
18 clubs

II

2. Bundesliga
18 clubs

III

3. Liga
20 clubs

IV

Regionalliga Bayern
20 clubs

V

Bayernliga Nord
18 clubs

Bayernliga Süd
19 clubs

VI

Landesliga Nordost
20 clubs

Landesliga Nordwest
18 clubs

Landesliga Mitte
18 clubs

Landesliga Südost
18 clubs

Landesliga Südwest
18 clubs

VII

Bezirksligas Unterfranken

Bezirksligas Oberfranken

Bezirksligas Mittelfranken

Bezirksligas Oberpfalz

Bezirksligas Niederbayern

Bezirksligas Oberbayern

Bezirksligas Schwaben
(see also: Swabian football league system)

Gruppe 1

Gruppe 2

Ost

West

Nord

Süd

Nord

Süd

Ost

West

Nord

Süd

Ost

Nord

Süd

VIII

Kreisligas Unterfranken

Kreisligas Oberfranken

Kreisligas Mittelfranken

Kreisligas Oberpfalz

Kreisligas Niederbayern

Kreisligas Oberbayern

Kreisligas Schwaben

Würzburg 1

Würzburg 2

Aschaffenburg

Rhön

Schweinfurt 1

Schweinfurt 2

Bamberg

Bayreuth

Coburg

Kronach

Hof

Marktredwitz

Nürnberg

Frankenhöhe

Jura

Neumarkt

Erlangen/Pegnitz 1

Erlangen/Pegnitz 2

Regensburg 1

Regensburg 2

Nord

Süd

Ost

West

Landshut

Straubing

Bayerwald

Passau

Zugspitze 1

Zugspitze 2

Inn/Salzach 1

Inn/Salzach 2

Donau/Isar 1

Donau/Isar 2

München 1

München 2

München 3

Nord

Ost

West

Augsburg

Mitte

Süd

IX

Kreisklasses Unterfranken

Kreisklasses Oberfranken

Kreisklasses Mittelfranken

Kreisklasses Oberpfalz

Kreisklasses Niederbayern

Kreisklasses Oberbayern

Kreisklasses Schwaben

14 Kreisklasses

13 Kreisklasses

15 Kreisklasses

8 Kreisklasses

12 Kreisklasses

18 Kreisklasses

13 Kreisklasses

X

A-Klasses Unterfranken

A-Klasses Oberfranken

A-Klasses Mittelfranken

A-Klasses Oberpfalz

A-Klasses Niederbayern

A-Klasses Oberbayern

A-Klasses Schwaben

20 A-Klasses

24 A-Klasses

19 A-Klasse

12 A-Klasses

23 A-Klasses

29 A-Klasses

13 A-Klasses

XI

B-Klasses Unterfranken

B-Klasses Oberfranken

B-Klasses Mittelfranken

B-Klasses Oberpfalz


B-Klasses Oberbayern

B-Klasses Schwaben

25 B-Klasses

9 B-Klasses

27 B-Klasses

16 B-Klasses


27 B-Klasses

18 B-Klasses

XII






C-Klasses Oberbayern







27 C-Klasses


Notes[edit]

Denotes parts of league system above Bavarian level.
  • All leagues on same level run parallel.
  • League strengths are nominal and may vary from season to season.

Recent changes[edit]

In 1988, upon the suggestion of the 1. FC Sonthofen in 1986, the Bezirksoberligas were introduced in Bavaria, set between the already existing Landesligas and Bezirksligas.[2]

In 1998, the Bavarian FA renamed the three lowest football leagues:

  • A-Klasse became Kreisliga
  • B-Klasse became Kreisklasse
  • C-Klasse became A-Klasse

On top of this, in some of the seven Bezirke, two new lowest levels were introduced and named B and C-Klasse. The reason for this was the integration of all reserve teams into the normal competition. In the Bezirke who did not follow suit, like Schwaben, the reserve teams of clubs in the Kreisliga and below still compete in separate, parallel leagues.

The Bavarian football federation carried out drastic changes to the league system at the end of the 2011–12 season. With the introduction of the Regionalliga Bayern from 2012–13, it placed two Bayernligas below the Regionalliga. Below those, five Landesligas instead of the existing three were set, which were geographically divided to limit travel and increase the number of local derbies.[3]

Matrix[edit]

This is a table of the progression of the Bavarian league system by tier since 1963:

Tier 1963–74 1974–81 1981–88 1988–94 1994–98 1998–2008 2008–12 2012–
I Bundesliga
II Regionalliga Süd 2nd Bundesliga Süd 2nd Bundesliga
III Bayernliga Regionalliga Süd 3rd Liga
IV Landesliga Bayernliga Regionalliga Süd Regionalliga Bayern
V Bezirksliga Bezirksoberliga Landesliga Bayernliga
VI A-Klasse Bezirksliga Bezirksoberliga Landesliga
VII B-Klasse A-Klasse Bezirksliga Bezirksoberliga Bezirksliga
VIII C-Klasse B-Klasse A-Klasse Kreisliga Bezirksliga Kreisliga
IX C-Klasse B-Klasse Kreisklasse Kreisliga Kreisklasse
X C-Klasse A-Klasse Kreisklasse A-Klasse
XI B-Klasse A-Klasse B-Klasse
XII C-Klasse B-Klasse C-Klasse
XIII C-Klasse
  • Since 1998 the B- and C- Klasse exist only in some parts of Bavaria.
League system above the Bavarian level. Bavarian football league system. Tiers without league during the designated time period.

Bavarian Cup[edit]

Main article: Bavarian Cup

Until 2009, the seven Bezirke in Bavaria each played their own cup competition which in turn functioned as qualifier to the German Cup (DFB-Pokal). Starting in 1998 these seven cup-winners advanced to the Bavarian Cup. The two finalists of this competition then advanced to the German Cup.[4]

Since 2009, the regional cup competitions were dissolved and qualifying competitions established instead for the lower amateur leagues. The teams in the higher divisions of Bavarian football entered the enlarged Bavarian Cup directly.

Reserve teams[edit]

In 1955, 1. FC Nuremberg Amateure became the first reserve team to enter the Bayernliga, followed by FC Bayern Munich Amateure. Despite this, reserve teams from non-professional clubs were not permitted to enter the league system for many years after that, having to play in parallel reserve leagues with promotion and relegation determined by the performance of the senior team rather than the reserve side.

Regulations were slowly lowered and, in 1980, reserve teams of Landesliga clubs were permitted to enter the league piramide, too. However, should a club drop out of the Landesliga, its reserve side would have to return to reserve football.[5]

With the introduction of the Bezirksoberliga in 1988, reserve teams from this league were permitted to enter regular league football, too. Some years later, this right was also awarded to Bezirksliga clubs. Bavaria was however slow to allow all reserve sides to enter the league system, differing in this from most other German associations. Eventually, this hurdle was dropped, too but the final decision was awarded to the individual Bezirke. Up to the fourth-lowest level, senior and reserve team can play at the same level, but not in the same league, higher than that reserve teams have to play one level below the senior side.[6]

In between, in 2008, reserve sides lost their right to compete in the cup competitions. In the 2011–12 season, Schwaben, Niederbayern, Unterfranken and Oberfranken still have not integrated the reserve teams fully into the league system while the other three Bezirke have.

Professional clubs often designate their reserve sides to be under-23 teams as the rules of utilising players in both the first and second them for under-23 players are less srtict, with players above 23 having to have a mandatory 10 day break when being exchanged between teams.[6]

Women's and youth leagues[edit]

Apart from the men's leagues, the Bavarian FA also operates league systems of women's and male and female youth leagues.

In the women's league system, the Bayernliga, the fourth tier of the German league system, is set as the highest state league, with two regional Landesligas below, north and south. Below those, the Bezirksoberligas are set, followed by Bezirksligas, Kreisligas and Kreisklasses, just like the men's. No league exists below the Kreisklasse. Additionally, a women's youth league system also exists with the Under 17 Bayernliga as its highest tier.

In the men's youth league system, both in the Under 19's and Under 17's, the Bayernliga forms the top-tier which is the second division of German youth football. Below the Bayernliga, two Landesligas and seven Bezirksoberligas are set followed by the standard league system. The Under 15's differ in as much as the Bayernliga is split into two regional divisions and set underneath the Southern German Regionalliga. Below the two Bayernligas, Bezirksoberligas are set, followed by the standard league system.

In the Under 13's and below, not state wide league exists, with competitions being very regional.

The top-level leagues in Bavaria in 2011–12 are:

Group League Tier
Men Fussball-Bayernliga V
Women Women's Fussball-Bayernliga IV
Under 19 boys Under 19 Bayernliga II
Under 17 boys Under 17 Bayernliga II
Under 17 girls Girls Under 17 Bayernliga I
Under 15 boys Under 15 Bayernliga 1 II
Under 15 girls Girls Under 17 Bezirksoberliga 2 I
Under 13 boys Under 13 Bezirksoberliga I
  • 1 In two regional divisions.
  • 2 Only exists in some regions.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Auf- und Abstiegsregelung der Bayernliga und der Landesligen für das Qualifikationsspieljahr 2011/2012 (German) Bavarian FA website – Regulations for promotion and relegation in 2012, accessed: 16 July 2011
  2. ^ 50 Jahre Bayerischer Fussball-Verband, publisher: Bayerischer Fussball-Verband, year: 1996, page: 100 (German)
  3. ^ Attraktive Gegner, regionale Einteilung, weniger Fahrtkosten (German) BFV website, published: 12 February 2011, accessed: 29 April 2011
  4. ^ , Bayerischer Toto-Pokal, BFV, accessdate: 04/11/2007
  5. ^ 50 Jahre Bayerischer Fussball-Verband, p. 28
  6. ^ a b Spielordnung (German) BFV website – Rules of the game, published: 15 July 2011, accessed: 30 July 2011

Sources[edit]

  • Die Bayernliga 1945 – 1997, (German) published by the DSFS, 1998
  • Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897–1988 (German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll
  • 50 Jahre Bayrischer Fussball-Verband (German) 50-year-anniversary book of the Bavarian FA, publisher: Vindelica Verlag, published: 1996
  • Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945–2005 (German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables, publisher: DSFS, published: 2006

External links[edit]