Behind Enemy Lines (2001 film)
|Behind Enemy Lines|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||John Moore|
|Produced by||John Davis|
|Screenplay by||David Veloz
|Story by||Jim Thomas
Joaquim de Almeida
|Music by||Don Davis|
|Edited by||Paul Martin Smith|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
Behind Enemy Lines is a 2001 action war film directed by John Moore in his directorial debut, and starring Owen Wilson and Gene Hackman. The film tells the story of Lieutenant Chris Burnett, an American naval flight officer who is shot down over Bosnia and uncovers genocide during the Bosnian War. Meanwhile, his commanding officer is struggling to gain approval to launch a search and rescue mission to save Burnett. The plot is loosely based on the 1995 Mrkonjić Grad incident that occurred during the war.
Released on November 30, 2001, Behind Enemy Lines received generally negative reviews from critics, with criticism aimed at the film's action scenes and its perceived jingoistic plot. However, it was a considerable box office success, taking in nearly $92 million worldwide against a $40 million budget. The film was followed by three direct-to-video sequels, Behind Enemy Lines II: Axis of Evil, Behind Enemy Lines: Colombia and SEAL Team 8: Behind Enemy Lines, with the third film being co-produced by WWE Studios. None of these films feature the cast and crew of this film.
In the final stages of the Bosnian War in December 1995, United States Navy flight officer Lieutenant Chris Burnett (Wilson) and pilot Lieutenant Jeremy Stackhouse (Gabriel Macht), who are stationed on an aircraft carrier in the Adriatic Sea, are assigned a reconnaissance mission by their commanding officer, Admiral Leslie Reigart (Gene Hackman). The mission goes smoothly until they spot suspicious activity in the demilitarized zone where NATO aircraft and the warring factions are prohibited from engaging in military activity. Burnett persuades Stackhouse to fly their F/A-18 Hornet off-course to get a close look and photograph the target. They are unaware that they photographed mass graves, and Serb soldiers see the jet. The local Bosnian Serb Army commander, General Miroslav Lokar (Olek Krupa), is conducting a secret genocidal campaign against the local Bosniak population. Not wanting the mass graves to be discovered, Lokar orders the jet be shot down.
Despite trying to outmaneuver the missiles fired at them, their jet is hit and both men are forced to eject. Shortly after touching ground, a Serb patrol finds Stackhouse and interrogates him. Stackhouse is then executed by Sasha, one of Lokar's right-hand men. Burnett, who was observing the Serbs' interrogation of Stackhouse from a hill, flees the area, but exposes his location. Wanting Burnett dead as well, Lokar orders both his deputy, Colonel Bazda, and Sasha to find him. After Burnett contacts Admiral Reigart for help, he orders Burnett to move to a certain location in order to be extracted. However, Reigart is forced to stand down after Admiral Piquet (Joaquim de Almeida), the commander of NATO naval forces in the region, warns him that rescuing Burnett in the demilitarized zone risks derailing the peace process. When Burnett reaches the extraction point, Reigart informs him that he must move to another location miles outside of the demilitarized zone in order to be rescued.
Immediately after being informed, Burnett sees a Serb patrol, led by Bazda, looking for him. Running from them, he falls into the mass grave that he and Stackhouse had photographed and hides under a dead body. When the patrol is out of sight, he continues to run. On his way to the new extraction point, Burnett encounters a group of Bosniak guerrillas in a pickup truck who offer him a ride. The guerrillas inform Burnett that they are heading to Hač, which is supposedly a safe haven but turns out to be a war zone. During the battle, Serb troops believe that they have found Burnett's body, but Sasha realizes that Burnett had switched uniforms with a dead Serb soldier and escaped Hač.
Lokar turns the situation to his advantage, presenting the corpse wearing Burnett's uniform to the media, and saying he was killed by guerrillas. His ruse works and a mission to rescue Burnett is aborted just when he gets a view of the helicopter sent to pick him up. After venting his frustration, Burnett notices an angel statue near where his ejection seat landed. He returns to his seat and activates the rescue beacon. Though the carrier group notices his signal, Burnett has also alerted the Serbs to his location.
Knowing he risks being relieved of command, Reigart prepares a task force to rescue Burnett in open defiance of Piquet's orders. Meanwhile, Bazda and Sasha are ordered by Lokar to find Burnett and kill him, but on their way, Bazda steps on a landmine and Sasha abandons him to his fate. After Sasha finds the ejection seat, Burnett ambushes him and the two men engage in hand-to-hand combat until Burnett stabs Sasha in the chest with a flare, killing him.
Immediately after Sasha is killed, Lokar arrives with armored vehicles and infantry who open fire on Burnett. Three U.S. Marine Corps helicopters arrive and fire on the Serbs. After retrieving the hard drive containing the photos of the mass graves, Burnett escapes with the task force. The footage Burnett retrieved puts Lokar on trial in front of the ICTY, while Reigart's actions result in him being relieved of command and his eventual retirement. Burnett continues his career in the Navy.
- Owen Wilson as Lieutenant Chris "Longhorn" Burnett
- Gene Hackman as Rear Admiral Leslie McMahon Reigart
- Gabriel Macht as Lieutenant Jeremy "Smoke" Stackhouse
- Charles Malik Whitfield as Captain Rodway, USMC
- David Keith as Master Chief Tom O'Malley
- Olek Krupa as General Miroslav Lokar
- Joaquim de Almeida as Admiral Juan Miguel Piquet
- Vladimir Mashkov as Sasha
- Marko Igonda as Colonel Viktor Bazda
- Eyal Podell as Petty Officer Kennedy
- Geoffrey Pierson as Admiral Donnelly
- Aernout Van Lynden as Himself
Filming was done in Slovakia, not in Bosnia and Herzegovina. None of the actors playing Serbians were actually Serbian; the producers said that they hired Croats as interns and instructors to instruct the actors in Serbian language, because they couldn't find any Serbs willing to work on the film, due to perceived anti-Serb sentiment shown in the film. Vladimir Mashkov, the actor who played the Serbian sniper, Sasha, is Russian and Olek Krupa, the actor who played the Serbian General, Miroslav Lokar, is Polish. Some Slovaks also participated in the film, such as Marko Igonda, who plays Colonel Bazda, and Kamil Kollarik, who plays a guerrilla who aids Burnett in Hač. The city of Hač is not an actual city in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The scene showing Hač on a map is actually the location of the city of Vlasenica.
The USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) was the aircraft carrier featured in the film. Exterior naval footage was filmed on board the carrier. Interiors were filmed on the Carl Vinson, on the USS Constellation (CV-64), and on a film set.
The film bears some resemblance to the experiences of former U.S. Air Force Captain Scott O'Grady, who was shot down over Bosnia on June 2, 1995. He managed to survive for six days before being rescued by U.S. Marines. He filed suit against the film's producers for defamation of character (the film's pilot "disobeys orders and swears"), as well as making a film about his ordeal without his permission. The film's characters and events differ from O'Grady's experience; he never entered populated areas, nor did he interact with civilians, and did not engage in direct combat with enemy soldiers. Also, O'Grady never flew an F/A-18F but rather an F-16 Fighting Falcon. The case was settled privately out of court.
The film made $18.7 million in its opening week in the U.S., landing at the #2 spot and was held off the top spot by Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone. Behind Enemy Lines eventually grossed $92 million worldwide, of which $59 million was from North America. The budget was estimated[by whom?] to be $40 million.
Behind Enemy Lines received generally negative reviews from critics. Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 37% based on reviews from 130 critics, with a weighted average of 4.8/10 and the site's consensus stating "The plot for Behind Enemy Lines is more jingoistic than credible, and the overload of flashy visual tricks makes the action sequences resemble a video game." Metacritic has assigned the film an average score of 49 out of 100 based on 29 reviews from mainstream critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews."
Roger Ebert gave the film 1½ stars out of four, likening it to a comedy: "Its hero is so reckless and its villains so incompetent that it's a showdown between a man begging to be shot, and an enemy that can't hit the side of a Bosnian barn."
Behind Enemy Lines was followed by three direct-to-video sequels, none of which feature the cast and crew of this film, nor follow its plot. Behind Enemy Lines II: Axis of Evil was released in 2006, Behind Enemy Lines: Colombia was released in 2009 (this film was co-produced by WWE Studios) and SEAL Team 8: Behind Enemy Lines was released in 2014.
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- "Pilot sues over Bosnian escape film". BBC News. August 20, 2002. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
- "Behind Enemy Lines Suit Settled | E! Online UK". Eonline.com. 2004-01-21. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Behind Enemy Lines (2001)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- "The Bling Ring". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Ebert, Roger (2001-11-30). "Behind Enemy Lines Movie Review (2001)". Roger Ebert. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- Behind Enemy Lines at the Internet Movie Database
- Behind Enemy Lines at AllMovie
- Behind Enemy Lines at Box Office Mojo
- Behind Enemy Lines at Metacritic
- Behind Enemy Lines at Rotten Tomatoes