Benjamin Boss

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Benjamin Boss
Born (1880-01-09)9 January 1880
Albany, New York
Died 17 October 1970(1970-10-17) (aged 90)
Albany, New York
Nationality American
Fields Astronomy
Institutions Dudley Observatory
U. S. Naval Observatory
Carnegie Institution of Washington
Alma mater The Albany Academy
Harvard University

Benjamin Boss (January 9, 1880 – October 17, 1970) was an American astronomer. He served as the director of both the Dudley Observatory in Schenectady, New York and the Department of Meridian Astrometry of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.

Biography[edit]

Boss was born in Albany, New York to astronomer Lewis Boss and Helen M. (Hutchinson) Boss.[1] After attending The Albany Academy, he graduated from Harvard University in 1901 and worked at Dudley Observatory until 1905.[2] Following a year at the U. S. Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C., he became director of the U.S. Naval Observatory at Samoa and helped organized the expedition to Flint Island to observe the 1908 solar eclipse.[3] He served as director from 1906-1908.[4]

He joined the Department of Meridian Astrometry of the Carnegie Institution of Washington in 1908, working as a secretary until 1912 when he became acting director. In 1915, he became director of the department. He also served as director of Dudley Observatory from 1912-1956.[5] His primary work was in positional astronomy, particularly in the positions and motions of the stars.[6]

His father served as editor of the Astronomical Journal from 1909 until his death 1912, whereupon Benjamin undertook the duty until 1941.[7] In 1936 his General Catalogue of 33,342 Stars was published by the Carnegie Institution of Washington, DC. This publication replaced the Preliminary General Catalogue of 6,188 stars of Lewis Boss, and it became known as the Boss General Catalogue. (Star designations that began with GC are from this catalogue.)[8]

Boss died on October 17, 1970 in Albany, New York.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boss, Benjami (1920). Biographical Memoir of Lewis Boss, 1846-1912. Natinal Academy of Sciences. p. 240. 
  2. ^ Hockey, Thomas (2007). Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Springer. p. 153. 
  3. ^ "Benjamin Boss". Dudley Observatory. Retrieved March 25, 2014. 
  4. ^ Hockey, Thomas (2009). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Springer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0. Retrieved August 22, 2012. 
  5. ^ "History of the Dudley Observatory". Dudley Observatory. Retrieved March 25, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Benjamin Boss". Dudley Observatory. Retrieved March 25, 2014. 
  7. ^ American Institute of Physics (1915). The Astronomical Journal, Volume 28. American Institute of Physics. p. 17. 
  8. ^ Angelo, Joseph A. (2009). Encyclopedia of Space and Astronomy. Infobase Publishing. p. 96. 
  9. ^ Hockey, Thomas (2007). Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Springer. p. 153. 

Bibliography[edit]