Bernal Heights, San Francisco

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Bernal Heights
Neighborhood
The Bernal Heights hill and microwave tower.
The Bernal Heights hill and microwave tower.
Nickname(s): Bernal, BH, Bernalwood, Maternal Heights[1]
Bernal Heights is located in San Francisco County
Bernal Heights
Bernal Heights
Location within San Francisco
Coordinates: 37°44′30″N 122°24′52″W / 37.74156°N 122.41439°W / 37.74156; -122.41439
Country  United States
State  California
City-county San Francisco
Government
 • Supervisor David Campos
 • State Assembly David Chiu (D)[2]
 • State Senator Mark Leno (D)[2]
 • U. S. Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D)[3]
Area[4]
 • Total 1.320 sq mi (3.42 km2)
 • Land 1.320 sq mi (3.42 km2)
Population (2008)[4]
 • Total 24,178
 • Density 18,311/sq mi (7,070/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 94110, 94112
Area code(s) 415

Bernal Heights is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California.

Location[edit]

Bernal Heights lies to the south of San Francisco's Mission District. Its most prominent feature is the open parkland and radio tower on its large rocky hill, Bernal Heights Summit. Bernal is bounded by Cesar Chavez Street to the north, San Jose Avenue to the west, US 101 to the east, and I-280 to the south.

History[edit]

Bernal Heights, also called "Nanny Goat Hill,"[5] had its origin with the 1839 Rancho Rincon de las Salinas y Potrero Viejo Mexican land grant to José Cornelio Bernal (1796–1842).[6] By 1860, the land belonged to a San Francisco financier, Frenchman François Louis Alfred Pioche (1818–1872), who subdivided it into smaller lots.

Bernal Heights remained undeveloped until the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Built atop bedrock, the hill's structures survived the tremor, and the sparseness of the development saved much of Bernal from the ravages of the firestorm that followed. The commercial corridor of Eugenia Avenue filled in with shops as the pastureland on the hilltop was developed for workers' homes during the rapid rebuilding of the city. Some of the tiny earthquake cottages—which the city built to house quake refugees—survive to this day, including three which were moved up to Bernal Heights. During World War II, the area saw another population surge including many African American families thanks to its proximity to the San Francisco Naval Shipyard at Hunters Point. During the Vietnam War, the neighborhood was known as "Red Hill" for the anti-war activists in shared households and collectives who moved in among the working-class families.

By the 1990s, Bernal's pleasant microclimate, small houses (some with traditional Victorian or Edwardian architecture) and freeway access to the peninsula and Silicon Valley led to a third wave of migration. Bernal has not gentrified to the extent of its neighbor Noe Valley, but gentrification and property values are increasing as urban professionals replace working-class home owners and renters. Bernal is a haven for young families with children.[7]

Notable residents include Tom Ammiano, Dan Nakamura, Annie Sprinkle, Terry Zwigoff,[citation needed] Matt Nathanson, children's author Jane Wattenberg (aka Mrs. Mustard) and Matt Stewart.

Bernal Heights. The Mission District is in the foreground and Hunters Point and the bay are in the background

Attractions and characteristics[edit]

San Francisco as seen from Bernal Heights

The neighborhood is primarily residential, with a commercial strip along Cortland Avenue featuring restaurants, a bookstore, bakeries, a fish and butchery shop, multiple salons, the second "The Good Life" natural grocery store (first is on Potrero Hill), a wine and beer store, cafes and bars. The local branch of the San Francisco Public Library at 500 Cortland was built by Frederick Myers with funding from the Works Progress Administration and dedicated in 1940. After closing for nearly two years for renovations and after much long-standing contention over the murals that adorn the library's exterior, the library reopened in January 2010. There is also a collection of restaurants and cafés at the bottom of the northern slope, near the Cesar Chavez Avenue border. They center around the newly renovated, rectangular Precita Park. Also notable is Precita Eyes, an esteemed mural art center.

A strong tradition of neighborhood activism led to the establishment of the Bernal Heights Neighborhood Center in 1979. It works to promote community organizing, affordable housing services, senior services and youth services. Additionally, the neighborhood center hosts "Fiesta on the Hill", one of the last street fairs of the summer festival season. The fair takes place on the third Sunday in October.[8] The family-oriented event includes attractions such as a petting zoo and donkey rides.

Bernal's north slope has been referred to as one of San Francisco's "banana belts", with warmer temperatures from San Francisco Bay and less marine fog making its way inland.

The grassland on the hilltop is home to a remarkable urban ecosystem, including the majority of native north-coast wildflowers-most notable of which is the California state flower-the California poppy, raccoons, opossums, skunks, a variety of raptors (including American kestrels, red-tailed hawks, Cooper's hawks, sharp-shinned hawks, and great horned owls), and, at times, at least one coyote. The radio tower, known locally as "Sutrito Tower,"[9] is a major connection point for the metropolitan San Francisco area. Bernal Hill Park is a designated "off-leash" park for dogs, and it is a destination for many dogs and their owners as it is one of the largest parks in San Francisco. Bernal Heights Boulevard, which circles the hill top, has about a one mile (1.6 km) long path of asphalt and hard packed sand for walking and running that is closed to motor traffic. It is also the site of the San Francisco Illegal Soapbox Society's annual derby.

Precita Park and Holly Park provide grassy play areas for children and adults to the north and south of the hill, respectively.

The park is also known for its unusually steep streets. Bradford above Tompkins, with an alleged 41% grade, is claimed to be the steepest in the world,[10] but this has yet to be graded by Guinness World Records.[citation needed]

Alemany Farmers' Market[edit]

The southeast corner of Bernal Heights is home to the open-air Alemany Farmers' Market, one of the oldest extant farmers' markets in the US, operating every Saturday in this location since August 4, 1947.[11] A flea market occupies the market area on Sundays.

Geology[edit]

Bernal Hill, along with the other hills in the San Francisco area, is a folded hill, created by the "wrinkling up" effect of the Pacific plate subducting under the North American plate, when the North American and Pacific plates were converging, around 150 million years ago. Near the summit you will find folded layers of very hard rock called radiolarian chert.[12] It is a high in silica sedimentary rock which gets its silica content from the shells of microscopic creatures called radiolaria.The red color comes from iron oxide. In between the layers of chert are thinner layers of shale in many different colors from the same red as the surrounding rock to white, green and purple. Other types of rocks and minerals on the hill include serpentinite,[13] jasper[14] and clay. The alternating layers of rock type suggest a seasonal cycle of influx of sea water, carrying the radiolaria and outflow of the Sacramento River carrying silt and mud.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°43′07″N 122°25′54″W / 37.71859°N 122.43164°W / 37.71859; -122.43164