Hayes Valley, San Francisco

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Hayes Valley
Neighborhood of San Francisco
Looking west along Hayes Street from Octavia Boulevard.
Looking west along Hayes Street from Octavia Boulevard.
Hayes Valley is located in San Francisco
Hayes Valley
Hayes Valley
Location within Central San Francisco
Coordinates: 37°46′23″N 122°25′42″W / 37.772994°N 122.428328°W / 37.772994; -122.428328
Government
 • Board of Supervisors Jane Kim and London Breed
 • State Assembly Tom Ammiano (D)
 • State Senate Mark Leno (D)
 • U.S. House Nancy Pelosi (D)
Area
 • Total 0.47 km2 (0.180 sq mi)
 • Land 0.47 km2 (0.180 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 5,672
 • Density 12,153/km2 (31,476/sq mi)
ZIP Code 94102, 94117
Area code(s) 415

Hayes Valley is a fashionable neighborhood in the Western Addition district of San Francisco, California. It is located between the historical districts of Alamo Square and the Civic Center. Victorian, Queen Anne, and Edwardian townhouses are mixed with boutiques, restaurants, and public housing complexes.

Location[edit]

Although its boundaries are ill defined, Hayes Valley is generally considered to be the area north and south of Hayes Street between Webster (near Alamo Square) and Franklin (near the Civic Center) Streets. Hayes Valley's commercial center is made up of the section of Hayes Street running from approximately Laguna Street in the west to Franklin Street in the east,[1] with extensions on perpendicular Gough and Laguna Streets.

As of April 2012, after changes to the district boundaries used by the Board of Supervisors, the Hayes Valley Neighborhood Association considers the neighborhood as a whole to be bound by Webster Street in the west, Van Ness Avenue in the east, Fulton Street in the north, and Hermann Street and Market Street in the south, with extensions as far west as Fillmore, between Haight Street and Hermann Street, as far north as McAllister Street, between Franklin Street and Van Ness Avenue, and as far south as Market Street, between Buchanan Street and Laguna Street. (This definition overlaps considerably with the Lower Haight.)[2]

The San Francisco Association of Realtors considers the Hayes Valley to be synonymous with "District 6B", and extending from McAllister Street in the north, to Market Street and Duboce Avenue in the south, Gough Street in the east, and Webster Street (north of Fell Street) and Divisadero Street (south of Fell Street) forming the western boundaries.[3] (This definition includes the entire Lower Haight within Hayes Valley.)

Adjacent neighborhoods include the Lower Haight and small parts of the Duboce Triangle and SoMa in the south, Alamo Square in the west, and the Fillmore District to the north.

Public transportation[edit]

Hayes Valley is served by several San Francisco Municipal Railway (MUNI) buses, including the #21, which runs through Hayes Valley on its east-west route between Golden Gate Park and the Ferry Building, the #5 (also east-west), the #22 (runs north-south along Fillmore Street) and the #6 and #71, which both run east-west along Haight.

History[edit]

Native people in many small bands, now referred to collectively as the Ohlone tribe, lived in San Francisco part of the year, gathering food in the Mission Creek area, which included seasonal Hayes Creek, and other parts of today's city. Hayes Valley would have been thickly covered with wildflowers every spring.[4] When it was running in the winter, Hayes Creek cut diagonally through the current Hayes Valley.[5] It is now underground year-round.

In 1776, local people came under the control of the Spanish empire with the Juan Bautista de Anza expedition, which established Mission San Francisco de Asís south of Hayes Valley.[6]

19th century[edit]

After the 1849 California Gold Rush, Italian immigrants from around Genoa developed produce farms on the sandy soil of the Hayes Valley neighborhood.[7]

The Western Addition was developed in the 1850s to expand the city to the west of Van Ness Avenue. Michael Hayes, who, in 1856, was on the committee which named the streets of this development, may have been instrumental in naming Hayes Street after his brother, Thomas, a large landholder in the neighborhood who was then serving as country clerk.[8] Hayes Valley was built out with many grand Victorian residences, as well as the smaller residences built to house the craftspeople at work on the mansions. Primary streets with big houses were named after influential local citizens (Hayes and Gough) and families (McAllister),[9] while streets with the smaller houses carry botanical names such as Ivy, Linden, and Hickory.

20th century[edit]

Hayes Valley south of McAllister Street was spared the fires that followed the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.[10] It was a multi-ethnic neighborhood, becoming, with the blossoming of the Fillmore district after World War II, an African American neighborhood.

Central Freeway[edit]

The elevated Central Freeway section of U.S. Route 101 was built in the neighborhood during the 1950s and brought with it urban blight and decay.[citation needed] Damaged during the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, it was closed afterward and eventually demolished. The destruction of the Central Freeway has spurred gentrification which has revitalized the neighborhood, and has made one of the trendier sections of town with an eclectic mix of boutiques, high-end restaurants, and hip stores on Hayes Street.

In 2005, a section of the freeway was rebuilt to end at Market Street, with the new, tree-lined Octavia Boulevard running north through the Hayes Valley along the previous path of Octavia Street to Fell Street. Between Fell and Hayes streets at 37°46′34.43″N 122°25′27.92″W / 37.7762306°N 122.4244222°W / 37.7762306; -122.4244222, a neighborhood green terminates the boulevard, providing seating, green space, a play structure for children, and a changing exhibition of public art. It is named Patricia's Green for Patricia Walkup, a local activist who volunteered her time for many years to fight neighborhood crime, and co-led a campaign to tear down the part of the Central Freeway that ran through Hayes Valley.

Fava Beans Grow at Hayes Valley Farm on the Former Central Freeway

The city-owned lots between Fell and Oak, and Laguna and Octavia, where the previous Central Freeway on- and off-ramps for Highway 101 were situated, have been transformed into Hayes Valley Farm, an education and research project with a focus on urban agriculture. The project is founded on an interim use agreement between the Hayes Valley Farm, The San Francisco Parks Alliance, and the Mayor's Office of Economic and Workforce Development until the City moves forward with other development plans for the site.[11] In June 2012 it was reported that approval had been given for retail premises and housing to be built on the site.[12]

Notable residents[edit]

  • George W.C. Baker, Los Angeles City Council member, 1931–35, attended Hayes Valley Grammar School

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/pictures/2004/03/28/ba_hayes28gr.jpg sfgate.com
  2. ^ http://www.hayesvalleysf.org/images_site/map_hv.gif hayesvalleysf.org
  3. ^ http://www.propertiessanfrancisco.com/Neighborhoods/district6.htm propertiessanfrancisco.com
  4. ^ Margolin, Malcolm, The Ohlone Way: Indian Life in the San Francisco-Monterrey Bay Area. Heyday Books, 1978.
  5. ^ Guide to San Francisco Bay Area Creeks -> Mission Creek Watershed, http://museumca.org/creeks/1640-RescMission.html
  6. ^ Timberlake, Sean. The Castro: One Neighborhood, Many Names. Guidelines: Newsletter for San Francisco City Guides and Sponsors http://www.sfcityguides.org/public_guidelines.html?topic=Neighborhoods
  7. ^ Brandi, Richard. Farms, Fire and Forest: Adolph Sutro and Development "West of Twin Peaks" http://www.outsidelands.org/forest-fires3.php
  8. ^ Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco, San Francisco Streets Named for Pioneers, http://www.sfmuseum.org/street/stnames4.html
  9. ^ Lupton, Samuel L. San Francisco History: Street Names. The Making and Naming of the Streets of San Francisco. http://www.zpub.com/sf50/sf/hgstr.htm
  10. ^ Kennedy, Lawrence J.,The Progress of the Fire in San Francisco April 18th-21st, 1906, as Shown by an Analysis of Original Documents, http://www.sfmuseum.org/1906/kennedy.html
  11. ^ "Hayes Valley Farm - Our Vision". Hayes Valley Farm. 2010. 
  12. ^ http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/S-F-Hayes-Valley-off-ramp-site-set-for-housing-3671943.php

External links[edit]