||This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2011)|
|Bhavasar, Bhaosar, Bhawsar, Bhawasar, Rangrez, Bhavsar Kshatriya|
|Languages||Marathi, Gujarati, Bagri, Marwadi|
|Populated States||Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh|
|Subdivisions||Bhavasar, Rangārey, ,Telgu,Pamadi Shimpi, Namdev Shimpi.|
The Bhavasar (Gujarati: ભાવસાર, Hindi: भावसार), are an ethnic group in India, traditionally associated with woodblock printing on textiles and tailoring. They are mostly located in the regions of Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan while some are also located in Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Gujarati and Rajasthani Bhavsars refer to themselves as just Bhavsars, while in Maharashtra the community has bifurcated further and they refer to themselves variously as, 'Bhavsar Kshathriya', 'Bhavsar Shimpi', 'Nāmdev Shimpi'. Nāmdev Shimpis are considered a distinct group, although they bifurcated from the Maharashtrian Bhavsars, as they are followers of Sant Nāmdev - however they use the same surnames as Maharashtrian Bhavsars. 'Bhavsar' or Bhāvasār could also be the surname of some of the people of this ethnic group. According to the specific profession, Bhavsars are further divided into Rangāreys who were traditionally involved with woodblock printing on textiles and Shimpis/Darzis, who were traditionally involved in tailoring.
Legendary origin 
The Bhavasar's legendary origin dates back to Saurashtra.According to the epic stories, the legendary Parshuram, who was said to be an avatar of Vishnu, had vowed vengeance against the kshatriyas (the community of warriors) and had wiped most of the kshatriyas off the earth. This scenario had worried two young princes Bhavsingh and Sarsingh from Saurashtra who had foreseen their dynasty meeting its end. The princes had been directed to appeal to the Hindu Goddess Hinglaj (Durga/Ambaji/Bhavani/Mataji/Kali) at the holy shrine situated on the banks of the Hingol River in Baluchistan near Sindh, now in Pakistan, where the Hindu Goddess assured protection of their dynasty by compelling Parshuram to leave them alone, on the condition that none from their community would confront Parshuram as he too was a son for her. The Bhavsar community was named after these two princes, Bhavsingh and Sarsingh. The Bhavsar community has negotiated with the Pakistani government passage for regular pilgrimage to Hinglaj.
The community fled from the Sindh area around Hinglaj when faced with conversion to Islam by force by Mughal invaders and settled in Gujarat and Maharashtra in the Middle Ages. The Maharashtrian Bhavsars moved further to the South of India up to Tamil Nadu, settling along the way in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Another branch moved West to Vidharbha and Madhya Pradesh.
Historical evidence is available to support the warrior heritage of the Bhavsars, see for eg. Rangrez. Initially, the community was not advanced educationally and stuck to the profession of tailoring/printing, but in the last few decades, a number of educated professionals and entrepreneurs have come up and have also spread overseas. 
Culture and demographics 
Bhavsars are found mostly in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. All have adapted to their local culture and traditions to varying degrees. However, Gujarat and Maharashtra are the primary regions from where the more recent migrations have occurred. Though Bhavsars are Kshatriya, most Gujarati Bhavsars follow Vaishnavism, while some others follow Jainism. The Bhavsars started migrating to South India from the time of Shivaji and have settled in the South for several generations; however, they have maintained their Gujarati cultural ties to this day and date.
Traditionally, the Bhavsars are non-vegetarians while the Gujarati Bhavsars and Namdeo Shimpis in Maharashtra are vegetarian. The Maharashtrian and Gujarati Bhavsars have their cuisines developed with a strong influence of local cuisines in the respective states. Traditionally, in this community, the oldest woman of the family was given importance as the 'Gruhalakshmi' of the family and she decided what was to be cooked on a daily basis and on different occasions - every family used to give importance to lunch and dinner, sat on the floor together and ate with their hands.
The Bhavasar community in Rajasthan speaks Bagri, a Rajasthani language. Further south, a very large number of Bhavsars have either Gujarati or Marathi as their mother tongue. Migrants to states other than Gujarat or Maharashtra invariably continue to speak their native mother tongue while being multilingual with the local language. For example, migrants from Maharashtra to the southern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu speak telegu, kannada and tamil respectively, while being multilingual with the local language/s.
In Gujarat, the community has two linguistic divisions - Gujarati and Malwi, which are endogamous (but slowly opening up) in nature.
Some families from the Bhavsar community use Bhāvsār as their last name, for the purpose of identity. However, the Bhavsars from Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu have picked up surnames in the Marathi tradition, i.e. Hanchate, Jhingādē (Zingādey), Kakade , Sutrawe and so on. Here is a list of Bhavsar surnames which don't have elaborate descriptions on wikipedia, in alphabetical order - Abhangē, Ambekar, Amburkar, Anchalkar,Anglay, Amathē, Asāwalē, Ashtkar, Astikar, Bagarē, Baglē, Bakrē, Banduchode, Bāngrē, Bārdē, Bārtakkē, Basūthkar, Bedarkar, Bēlamkar, Bēndrē, Bēdrē, Bhāmbōrē, Bhāndēkar, Bhasme, Bhavsar(Bhavasar/Bhawsar), Bhōpē, Bibēkar, Bōdhanē, Bohade, Bōmalē, Bōmbōlē, Bōndādē, Bōndāgē, Bōngālē, Bŭlbŭlē, Champanery,Chimbalkar, Chokhariya, Chumbalkar, Chŭtkē, Dasadiya, Dudhankar,Dahake, Dhavale, Deothālu (Daevtaalu), Danthakālē, Dhāyfūlē, Dhōngadē, Dhŭmalē, Dnyanmothē, Dōijōdē, Dŭdhānkar,Ejanthkar, Gaddālē, Ganŭrē, Gardi, Ghanāthē, Geethē, Gōddē, Gōjjē, Gōndhalē, Gōndhkar, Gŭndālē, Gŭjar (or Gŭjjar / Gŭrjar), Halālē, Hambar, Hambarkar (Ambarkar), Havlē,Halvadia, Hibarē (Hebbarē), Hīraskar, Hiravē, Ijanthkar, Jādhav,Jawade, Jawalē, Jawalkar, Jirafē, Kālaskar, Kālēkar, Kāmblē, Karnē, Kangokar, Karmŭsē, Katārē, Kasandariya,KHETE,Suryavashi,Mawde,Khade,Khambayathkar, Khamitkar (Kamithkar), Khandetōd, Khōkalē, Khōlē (Khoalay), Kōlēkar, Kōknē , Kshīrsāgar, Kŭntē,Kuhikar, Limkar, Lingarkar, Lōkharē, Lōkhandē, Mandaogadē, Mahindrakar (Mahēndrakar), Mālwadē, Malvi, Mālvē (Mālwē), Mālwādkar, Mālatkar, Mankŭskar, Māndharē,Mahadikar Mīrajkar, Myskar, Mŭlē (Mŭlay), Mŭsalē, Naphade,Navalē, Nāzarē, Neemkar,Niley, Pākharē, Patālay, Patangē (Pathangay), Pendkar, Pētkar, Pēsay (or Pisē / Pissay), Pŭkālē (Pōkāley), Pōhnekar, Paralikar, Parikh, Phutanē, Rangdal, Rangrēj, Rākhōndē, Rāo, Rāmpŭrē, Ransŭbhē, Rēlēkar, Rodē, Sākhrē, Sarōdē (Sarvadē), Shintrē, Shamgŭlē, Shimpi, Shimpikar, Shravagē, Simgēkar, Sōmani,Sonvane, Sūthrāvē, Sutrawe, Sŭlākhē, Tāpsey, Tāndalē (Tāndŭlae), Tālekar; Tāndŭlēkar, Tātuskar, Tēmkar, Thaelkar (Tēlkar), Tikārē, Tirmallē, Tōranē, Ŭrankar, Ŭttarkar, Vādey, Valasē, Vaijwadē, Vaikŭnthē, Vakani, Vanarasē, Wāghmarē, Wāskar, Zādē (Jhādey) etc. Kankal, Katyārmal, Rokadia, and Kāpadiā are surnames used by Bhavsars from Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh (apart from Bhāvsār).
The weddings among Bhavsars are given a lot of importance. The wedding takes place as a Hindu Wedding Ceremony which has a number of rituals and customs. The community follows the system of arranged marriages which are usually decided by the parents or an older family member. The match could be selected by parents, or by the elder member of the family. However, the modern practice is to choose from a matchmaking agent, matrimonial site, or a trusted third party. The community has their own way of performing the marriage, although most of it is like a traditional Hindu Wedding Ceremony. Love marriages have grown more common recently, both within the community as well as outside the community.
Traditionally, Bhavsars were very religious and spiritualistic people. They worship Hinglaj Mata or Hingulambika who all Bhavsars claim as their original deity. The oldest temple dedicated to this deity Hingulamata is in the Baluchistan province of present day Pakistan. It should be noted that the Hinglaj temple is an important place of pilgrimage to other Hindus of that area and is maintained by a small Hindu community that remains there. Bhavsars may be one of the communities that resided in that area and worshiped the same goddess. There is no other older temple or deity in any other part of India that is commonly worshiped by the Bhavsars. It is therefore speculated that the Bhavsar community had its origin in the north-western part of undivided India (present day Pakistan).
Bhavsar Samaj 
Bhavsars in Rajasthan and Gujarat have their traditional caste council known as the Bhavsar Samaj or Bhavasar Kshatriya Samaj. The main function of the jāthi panchāyath (caste council) is to settle inter-family feuds, quarrels, etc. The office bearers of these panchayats are elected.
- Saint Namdev a Maharashtrian Bhavsar saint who was one of the co-founders of the Varkari sect.
- Pujya Shree Mota (September 4, 1898 – July 23, 1976), or Chunilal Asharam Bhavsar, was a spiritual leader who established ashrams in Nadiad and Surat in Gujarat, India. He founded the Hari Om Ashram, also known as the Maun Mandir, near Nadiad.
- Disha Vakani (b. 1978), Television actress, who plays the role of Daya Ben, in the tele-serial, "Taarak Mehta Ka Ooltah Chashmah".
- Natvar Bhavsar (b. 1934), famous Indian-American painter.
- Raj Bhavsar, (1980-) : US Olympic gymnast 2008 bronze medal winner.
- Shashikala Jawalkar, Bollywood actress
- Mohan Ramratan Bhavsar : Present All India Kabbaddi Association Secretary
- Tikam chand Bhavsar "Baa": Famous poet from Malwa region (Ujjain)
- Himanshu Bhawsar "Chulbul": Famous young poet from Malwa region (Indore M.P.)
- Piyush Bhawsar ,Bhavgarh(mandsaur): Governor awarded talent in Balrang (Bhopal)
See also 
- Saint Namdev
- Raj Bhavsar
- Pujya Mota
- Disha Vakani
- Himanshu Bhawsar 'Chulbul'
- Piyush Bhawsar ,Bhavgarh(mandsaur)
- Syed Siraj ul Hassan (1989). The castes and tribes of H.E.H. the Nizam's dominions. Asian Educational Services. pp. 60–. ISBN 978-81-206-0488-9. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
- Singh, Kumar Suresh, Anthropological Survey of India (2003). People of India: Gujarat. Popular Prakashan. p. 206. ISBN 81-7991-104-7.
- Singh, Kumar Suresh, Anthropological Survey of India (1998). People of India: Rajasthan. Popular Prakashan. p. 146. ISBN 81-7154-766-4.
- Singh, Kumar Suresh, Anthropological Survey of India (1998). People of India: Rajasthan. Popular Prakashan. p. 148. ISBN 81-7154-766-4.
- Singh, Kumar Suresh, Anthropological Survey of India (1998). People of India: Rajasthan. Popular Prakashan. p. 206. ISBN 81-7154-766-4.
- Singh, Kumar Suresh, Anthropological Survey of India (1998). People of India: Rajasthan. Popular Prakashan. pp. 146. ISBN 8171547664.
- "I enjoy acting: Disha Vakani". Mumbai Mirror. Dec 30, 2011. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- "Monumental Love". The Times of India. Oct 8, 2011.
Piyush bhawsar references-National Balrang Bhopal,20 dec 2009(Newspaper)
Further reading 
- Advanced communities among the Kshatriyas of Malwa and Western India - Shankar Patwardhan, Arvind Vyas Paper no. AS056/2007 submitted to Anthropological Survey Of India
External references