Black Death (film)
||This article's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. (February 2013)|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Christopher Smith|
|Produced by||Douglas Rae
|Written by||Dario Poloni
Carice van Houten
|Music by||Christian Henson|
|Edited by||Stuart Gazzard|
|Distributed by||Revolver Entertainment (UK)
Wild Bunch (Germany)
Black Death is a 2010 German-British action/drama/horror film directed by Christopher Smith from an original screenplay by Dario Poloni. It stars Sean Bean, Eddie Redmayne and Carice van Houten.
Despite not being credited as a writer, Smith made very significant changes in the second half of the script, including a new ending. All the scenes of Black Death were shot in chronological order, a rare occurrence.
The story takes place in 1348 in plague-ridden medieval England. Osmund (Eddie Redmayne), a young monk, has fallen in love with Averill (Kimberley Nixon), a girl who took sanctuary in the monastery. He believes it is no longer safe for her to stay there so he tells her to return to her home in the marshland forest. She asks him to join her but he declines because of his religious vows. She tells him she will wait for him at the edge of the forest for one week. Osmund prays that God will give him a sign that it's all right for him to leave the monastery and join her. An envoy from the regional bishop arrives looking for a guide to a village not far from where Averill is waiting. Osmund takes this as the sign from God and volunteers to lead the envoy, a knight named Ulric (Sean Bean) to a remote village that has remained untouched by the plague. He is there to hunt down a necromancer said to bring the dead back to life. Ulric's group consists of the experienced leader Wolfstan (John Lynch), Wolfstan's longtime friend Griff (Jamie Ballard), torturer Dalywag (Andy Nyman), the fearless Mold (Johnny Harris), the mute Ivo (Tygo Gernandt) and the charismatic Swire (Emun Elliott).
The journey is beset with harrowing pitfalls -- Griff is killed by Wolfstan after revealing he has been stricken with the plague plus Ivo is slain in a battle with bandits. Upon reaching the marshland, Osmund finds only bloodied clothing causing him to think Averill is dead. Meanwhile, Ulric's envoy, led by Osmund, has found the village, an eerie utopia led by Hob (Tim McInnerny) and Langiva (Carice van Houten). Not knowing which one is the necromancer, Ulric tells the townsfolk he and his soldiers are simply seeking a place to rest. Noting that the local church has fallen into disrepair, Ulric is suspicious but nonetheless accepts a dinner invitation for him and his soldiers. Before dinner Langiva shows Osmund Averill's body and tells him the villagers found her in the forest. Averill has a wound to her head and appears to have died several days before. During the dinner Osmund is lured away by Langiva to the edge of the village where he sees her bring Averill back to life. Back at the dinner, Ulric and his men realize their wine has been drugged when they begin falling into a deep sleep.
Ulric's band and Osmund awake bound and caged in a water-filled pit. Langiva and Hob offer freedom for those who will renounce God but death for those who do not. None do so and all boldly vie for who will be executed first. Dalywag is led to an X-shaped cross and crucified, then disemboweled by Hob. Upon seeing this, Swire offers to renounce God although his companions had warned him that he would be killed anyway. He is told he will be led to the edge of the village and freed but he is taken away and then hanged. Langiva frees Osmund and sends him to the hut where the resurrected Averill resides. Inside, Osmund sees his beloved Averill incoherent and stumbling, apparently traumatized. Seeing what has become of her as an abomination, Osmund tearfully apologises to her and tells her he will see her again in Purgatory. He stabs her and she dies. Osmund returns to the village with the body of Averill. He attacks Langiva by slicing her across her cheek but is struck down and subdued.
Reinvigorated, Ulric goads and jeers her that not one of his men will turn from God. In anger, Langiva has Ulric tied between two horses to be dismembered unless he renounces God. As the horses strain his limbs, Ulric reveals that he is sick with the disease by having Osmund open his shirt, and thus will deliver the plague to these villagers. In the commotion, Langiva does not notice that the knife Osmund slashed her with had landed near the cage when he was struck down. Riveted by the spectacle of Ulric finally being torn into pieces (not depicted explicitly), the villagers are caught unaware as Wolfstan and Mold cut their ropes, escape the cage, and fight off the villagers that didn't run away. During the fight, Mold is killed by Hob, who is subsequently incapacitated by Wolfstan and placed in the device intended for transporting the necromancer.
Osmund notices Langiva retreating to the swamp, so he grabs a short sword and follows her into the fog of the marsh. There, she claims that Averill had not been dead, but that the villagers had found her and Langiva had drugged her to appear dead, then put on the pagan ritual to "raise" her from the dead to convince Osmund of her power. She reveals that she uses this illusion to retain leadership of the village. Osmund returns to the village and Langiva skulks away into the marshes, leaving the viewer unsure whether Langiva was a witch and if her last speech to Osmund was another attempt to make him forsake God. Osmund is then brought home to the monastery by Wolfstan, with Hob to be delivered to the Bishop.
In the aftermath, the remaining villagers are ravaged by the plague; the "witch" had not protected the village, rather, the plague had not yet reached the village due to its remoteness. Wolfstan notes there have been rumors that Osmund became a soldier and set about hunting down, torturing, and burning women accused of being witches, in a quest to bring Langiva to justice and assuage his guilt. It is not known whether he ever found the true Langiva again or whether he simply sees Langiva in the faces of the women he executes.
- Eddie Redmayne as Osmund
- Sean Bean as Ulric
- Carice van Houten as Langiva
- John Lynch as Wolfstan
- Tim McInnerny as Hob
- Kimberley Nixon as Averill
- Andy Nyman as Dalywag
- David Warner as The Abbot
- Johnny Harris as Mold
- Emun Elliott as Squire
- Tygo Gernandt as Ivo
- Jamie Ballard as Griff
- Daniel Steiner as Monk
- Nike Martens as Elena
Black Death was developed and produced by Douglas Rae and Robert Bernstein at London's Ecosse Films, with Phil Robertson of Zephyr Films acting as physical producer. Ultimately it could not get off the ground in the UK and became a 100% German production.The film was financed solely out of Germany, with Jens Meurer of Egoli Tossell Films acting as producer.
The film was originally due to be directed by Geoffrey Sax, with Rupert Friend and Lena Headey attached to star. Famke Janssen was later considered for Headey's role. After he was attached to direct Black Death, Smith suggested Carice van Houten, Tim McInnerny, and John Lynch for their respective roles.
The film was shot in the German federal state of Saxony-Anhalt at Blankenburg Castle in the city of Blankenburg and Castle Querfurt in Querfurt and Zehdenick, Brandenburg in the first half of 2009. Van Houten's first day on set was 14 May 2009. Technical elements included production design by John Frankish, a spartan score by composer Christian Henson, and cinematography by Sebastian Edschmid.
Smith's approach of the film and script changes
Smith explained his approach to the film:
It's a 'medieval guys on a mission' movie. The period of the black death – what's fantastical and rich about that period? I said, 'What if we took a realistic approach?' The people of the time believe the plague was sent by God to punish them for their sins, or by the Devil to torment them. I wanted to find out what the characters felt and posit them on a journey of 'is it real? Or is it not real?' What would a necromancer be like if he existed? We added this fundamentalist knight, so it touches on fundamentalism. It's a super dark film but it's exciting. It's like a dark parable about how things haven't really moved on in the last 600 years.
In the original script, the second half of the film turned to be entirely supernatural: Langiva was revealed to be the reincarnation of the Devil, while Osmund "was actually in Hell and Hell being in the physical place." Smith changed this elements to represent the idea that to him "Hell is the Hell you are in within yourself", as he tried to represent in Triangle. Because it was considered too dark, producers tried to cut Smith's ending from the shooting schedule. However they changed their minds two days before the shootings of the epilogue.
International sales were handled by HanWay Films. Amongst other deals, Revolver Entertainment/Sony acquired the rights for the UK and planned a release on 28 May 2010, while Wild Bunch will distribute the film in Germany. The film is part of the Canadian Fantasia 2010.
Black Death has received mostly positive reviews from critics. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes provides links to 56 reviews of the film, 68% of which are positive, ranking it "Certified Fresh". The critical consensus is that the film "delivers the fire and brimstone violence its subject matter warrants, while posing some interesting questions of faith and religion." In an advance review, Leslie Felperin of Variety wrote "A savvy, stylish horror-actioner that's more than the sum of its genre parts, Black Death manages to deliver enough suspense and bloodletting to appease gore fans... Use of grainy stock and a preference for special effects rather than visual or CGI effects gives it a pleasingly retro feel, as does its willingness to explore uncomfortable moral ambiguities. Tech credits create a strong, fetid atmosphere on what looks like a low budget. German locations in Saxony look appropriately beautiful, sinister and ancient all at the same time."
Alan Jones from Film4's FrightFest concluded: "Some may find the climax rather disconcerting as Smith pulls the rug from under one’s feet. However, the greater percentage will thrill to the way the eerie and puzzling intensity builds up a compelling head of scream as the stark brand of Witchfinder General shock value rears its head in the most startling of codas. This intelligent original represents a commendable break from the genre norm and is one of the most powerful films made about God, the godless and what the Devil truly represents."
- Klein, James (2011-02-24). "Christopher Smith, Interview with the Director of Black Death". UnRated Film Magazine. Retrieved 2013-06-09.
- Felperin, Leslie (2010-02-22). "Berlin – Black Death Review". Variety. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
- 'Nix' (2010-01-06). "Finally Some Decent Looks at Chris Smith's Black Death". Beyond Hollywood. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
- Bilson, Anne (2010-03-11). "Culture: The Return of Religious Films". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
- Kemp, Stuart (2008-02-02). "Three Join Battle in Sax's "Death"". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2010-04-04.[dead link]
- Rotten, Ryan (2008-11-28). "Chris Smith Takes Over Black Death". Shock Till You Drop. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
- Sharpe, Jo (2010-03-19). "Chris Smith Takes Over Black Death". The Mighty Bean. Retrieved 2010-03-19.
- Blaney, Martin (2009-05-15). "HanWay Films sells "Black Death" to 12 Distributors". Screen International. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
- Rotten, Ryan (2010-01-29). "Director Chris Smith on Black Death". Shock Till You Drop. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
- "Black Death". Revolver Entertainment. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
- Miska, Brad (2010-07-07). "Fantasia 2010: New Stills: Chris Smith's Black Death". Dread Central. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- Jones, Alan. "Film4 FrightFest – Black Death Review". Film4. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
- Official website
- Black Death at AllMovie
- Black Death at Box Office Mojo
- Black Death at the Internet Movie Database
- Black Death at Rotten Tomatoes
- Interview with Dario Poloni