Boris (given name)
|Region of origin||First Bulgarian Empire|
|Look up Boris in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
Boris, Borys or Barys (Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian: Борис; Belarusian: Барыс) is a male name, with Bulgarian roots. Nowadays, it is most widely represented in Russia (by the number of the name carriers), almost equally in Belarus, less in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Macedonia, Poland, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine. In recent generations it has also been used among speakers of Germanic and Anglo-Saxon languages, even without any Slavic background.
The most common theory is that this name comes from the Bulgarian language with meanings according to the different interpretations: "wolf", "short" or "snow leopard". Some authors, which support the "Iranian theory" about the origin of the Bulgar language derive "Bogoris" from the Iranian word "bog", which could mean "godlike". Another theory is that this name is an abbreviated form of the Slavic name Borislav, which means "one who fights for glory" from бор bor, battle combined with слав slav, glory.
Boris is first found in written records in the case of the Bulgarian ruler Prince Boris I (852-889), who adopted Christianity in 864 AD and imposed it on his people. His name came to be known in Europe in relation to this particular act. Moreover, after his death in 907 AD he was proclaimed the first Bulgarian saint, and traces of his cult during this period can be found as far away as Ireland. The Patriarchate of Constantinople recognized the canonization of St. Boris in 923 AD. However, Prince Boris was not a Slav. He came from the Bulgars. Among the Bulgars the name was known in its two forms: Boris and Bogoris.
Boris owes its worldwide usage to its adoption by the Rus' Slavs. It is known that the name of the Bulgarian saint reached the Rus in the late 10th century, likely during the reign of Boris II of Bulgaria (969-977), great-grandson of Boris I. In 967 the Byzantine Emperor Nicephorus Phocas sent to the Rus ruler Sviatoslav I of Kiev his agent, with the task of talking Sviatoslav into assisting him in a war against the First Bulgarian Empire. In the Battle of Silistra, which occurred in the spring of 968 Sviatoslav defeated the Bulgarian ruler Peter I of Bulgaria and proceeded to occupy the whole of northern Bulgaria. In spite of some temporary successes and the reconciliation with Byzantium, Bulgaria faced a new invasion by Sviatoslav in 969. The Bulgarians were defeated again, and Peter I abdicated and become a monk. His successor Boris II was unable to stem the Rus advance, and found himself forced to accept Sviatoslav I of Kiev as his ally and puppet-master. Probably by this campaign his youngest son Vladimir I of Kiev found his Bulgarian wife, who is assumed to be a daughter of Peter I, i.e. sister of Boris II.
One of the sons of Vladimir I was given the name Boris. As evidenced by the Rus' Primary Chronicle, Boris and Gleb were sons of Vladimir I, born to him by his Bulgarian wife. During Vladimir's reign in 988 the conversion of the Kievan Rus' to Christianity took place. In this conversion both ordinary priests and prelates from Bulgaria played a significant part. Also, with the adoption of the Byzantine calendar and the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar the cult of St. Boris entered the Rus' Orthodox Church. In 1015 the princes Boris and Gleb were killed by their stepbrother Sviatopolk I of Kiev, who usurped the throne. Within a short time Boris and Gleb were canonized and ever since they have been the native soldier-saints most revered among the Ukrainians, Russians and Byelorussians.
From the lands of Kievan Rus the name Boris went over to the neighbouring countries. An example of this is the case of the Hungarian prince Boris Kalamanos (1112–1155), son of the Magyar king from his marriage with Euphtimia, daughter of the Kievan prince Vladimir II Monomakh. For a fairly long period men named Boris were found predominantly in the courts and among the nobility, but eventually the name became popular among all strata in the Russian Empire, including Siberia and Alaska. So it reached gradually the two Americas and Australia. In the present day, one can meet a Boris even in Africa.
List of people with given name Boris
See also Borys
- Knyaz Boris I of Bulgaria (852–889) was the first Christian ruler of the First Bulgarian Empire, canonized after his death
- Tsar Boris II was ruler of the First Bulgarian Empire
- Tsar Boris III was ruler of the Kingdom of Bulgaria in the first half of the 20th century
- Boris and Gleb were Russian princes, murdered 1015, and first Russian saints
- Boris Barnet, Soviet film director
- Boris Becker, German professional tennis player
- Boris Berezovsky, Russian pianist
- Boris Berezovsky, businessman and Russia's first billionaire
- Boris Berman, Russian pianist
- Boris Blank Swiss artist and musician
- Boris Christoff, Bulgarian opera singer
- Boris Diaw, French basketball player
- Boris Dlugosch, house music producer
- Boris Dvornik, Croatian actor
- Boris Furlan, Slovenian jurist and politician
- Boris Gelfand, Israeli chess Grandmaster
- Boris Godunov, tsar of Russia during the late 16th and early 17th centuries
- Boris van der Ham, Dutch politician, writer and actor
- Boris M. Gombač, Slovenian historian
- Boris Grebenshchikov, Russian singer-songwriter and the leader of the band Aquarium
- Boris Grishayev, Soviet marathon runner
- Boris Mikhaylovich Gurevich (born 1937), Soviet Olympic champion wrestler
- Boris Jordan, US-born investor involved in Russia's economic privatization in 1992
- Boris Johnson, Mayor of London, former MP for Henley-on-Thames and former Shadow Minister for Higher Education
- Boris Kagarlitsky, Russian academic and political dissident
- Boris Kalin, Slovenian sculptor
- Boris Karloff, actor in many horror films
- Boris Kidrič, Slovenian Communist official and resistance leader
- Boris Kodjoe, American actor
- Boris Lyatoshinsky, Ukrainian composer
- Boris Mikšić, Croatian businessman and politician
- Boris Paichadze, Georgian football player
- Boris Pahor, Slovenian writer
- Boris Pasternak, Russian author and a Nobel Prize Winner
- Boris Podrecca, Slovenian-Italian architect
- Boris Said, American race car driver
- Boris Sidis, Russian Psychiatrist
- Boris Spassky, Russian chess player
- Boris Starling, British novelist and screenwriter
- Borys Szyc, Polish actor
- Boris Tadić, Serbian former president (2004–2012)
- Borys Tarasyuk, Ukrainian politician
- Boris Titulaer, Dutch singer
- Boris Trajkovski, former Macedonian president
- Boris Vallejo, Fantasy artist
- Boris van der Ham, Dutch politician
- Boris Vian, French polymath
- Boris Williams, British musician and former member of The Cure
- Boris Yeltsin, the first democratically elected president of Russia, serving from July 1991 to December 1999
- Boris Zaitchouk, Soviet hammer thrower
- Boris Živković, Croatian footballer
- Boris Badenov, villain in the 1960s animated cartoons The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show
- Boris Grishenko, Russian hacker working for terrorists in the James Bond movie GoldenEye
- Boris Grushenko, main character in the film "Love and Death", played by Woody Allen
- Boris Kerpackter, Jewish character in the television show Rugrats
- Boris "the Blade" Yurinov, arms dealer in the film Snatch
- Boris, mightiest of the Warriors of Loathing in the Times of Old, from the internet game Kingdom of Loathing
- Boris, Soviet army unit in strategy game Command & Conquer: Yuri's Revenge
- Boris the Animal, villain in Men in Black 3
- Boris, Borzoi in the Lady and the Tramp cartoon
- Boris, Russian goose in the Balto movies
- "Boris the Spider", 1966 song by The Who
- "Boris", song from The Melvins' 1991 album Bullhead
- Boris, villain in The Calculus Affair, a 1956 book from the Tintin series
- Васил Н. Златарски.История на Първото българско царство. Междудържавното положение на България и покръщането на българите.
- Проф. Веселин Бешевлиев (Издателство на Отечествения фронт, София 1981)
- ВЪРХУ ИМЕНАТА И ПРОЗВИЩАТА НА РАННИТЕ БЪЛГАРСКИ ВЛАДЕТЕЛИ. ВЛИЯНИЕ НА ПРАБЪЛГАРИТЕ ВЪРХУ ИМЕННАТА СИСТЕМА НА СЛАВЯНИТЕ.
- толкование значение тайна имени Борис именины Борис знаменитые люди с именем Борис совместимость имен выбрать имя ребенку происхождение имени
- 1100 години от смъртта на княз Борис І. Христо Трендафилов.
- Boris - Name Meaning and Origin
- The etymology and history of first names.
- Материалы русской истории.Основные материалы для изучения русской истории.КИЕВСКИЙ КНЯЗЬ ЯРОСЛАВ ВЛАДИМИРОВИЧ.
- Киевская Русь и ее южные соседи. Киевская Русь и Болгария.
- ПОКРЪСТВАНЕТО НА КИЕВСКА РУС И БЪЛГАРИТЕ, д-р Горан Благоев, БНТ.
- Святой благоверный и равноапостольный царь Борис Болгарский.
- Princes Boris and Gleb: Proto-martyrs and Passion-Bearers of Old Russia
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