|Immature Bouea macrophylla in a basket|
The evergreen tree grows to height of 25 meters. Its leaves are lanceolate to elliptic in shape (see: Leaf shape), and range from 13 to 45 cm (5 to 17 inches) long and from 5 to 7 cm (2 to 3 inches) wide.
The fruit (resembling a mango) are green in colour and mature to an orange/yellow. They grow to roughly 2 to 5 cm (0.7 to 1.9 inches) in diameter. The entire fruit, including its single seed, is edible. The fruit range from sweet to sour in flavour, and have a light smell of turpentine.
- Thailand : flowers in November to December, and fruit appears from April to May.
- Indonesia : flowers in June to November, and fruit appears from March to June.
It is not usually found above an altitude of 305 meters (1000 ft), but has been cultivated at altitudes of about 850 meters (2789 ft).
Both the leaves and fruit from the tree can be eaten. The leaves can be eaten raw when they are still young, and can be used in salads. While the seed is edible, the endosperm is generally bitter. Fruit can be eaten raw, or made into dishes such as pickle, compote, or sambal. Unripened fruit can be used to make rojak and asinan.
Bouea macrophylla is commonly known in English as the marian plum, gandaria, and plum mango. It is also known as ma-praang and ma-yong (Thailand), ramania and gandaria (Indonesia), mayun-thee (Burma), and kundang, rembunia, and Setar (Malaysia), thanh trà (Vietnam). It is the origin of the name for Alor Setar, Alor=(Small stream) + Setar.
- "West Australian Nut and Tree Crops Association". WANATCA Yearbook (ISSN 0312-8997), Vol. 20, p. 42 (1996).
- TopTropicals plant catalog