|• City Council||Mayor Pat Polk
Mayor ProTem Gene Brown
|• City Manager||James Cantwell|
|• Total||5.52 sq mi (14.3 km2)|
|• Land||5.52 sq mi (14.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,129 ft (344 m)|
|• Density||945.6/sq mi (365.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1352736|
On July 22, 1881, Bowie was incorporated as a city in Montague County, Texas. It is named for the 19th century adventurer and defender of the Alamo, James Bowie. (There is also a Bowie County, which includes Texarkana in northeastern Texas.) The city began to expand with the arrival of the Fort Worth and Denver Railway in 1882. In 1884, four men robbed the First National Bank of Bowie and allegedly left with over $10,000 in gold coins. Townspeople gave chase and eventually captured the robbers, who were hanged for their crimes. By 1913, the town had a population of more than five thousand and included the Bowie Commercial College.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited the city on his train on July 11, 1938. He ceremonially purchased biscuits from businessman Amon G. Carter of Fort Worth, who had grown up in Bowie. On August 19, 1941, Rex Beard, Jr., robbed the First National Bank of Bowie and was captured in December of that same year.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,218 people and 2,489 housing units in the city. The population density was 945.6 people per square mile. There were 2,090 households in the city. The average household size was 2.32 persons and the average family size was 2.99. The racial makeup of the city was 91.9% White, 0.2% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.6% of the population. The median income for a household in the city was $33,846. The per capita income for the city was $19,063.
U.S. Post Office in Bowie
Bible Baptist Church off Texas State Highway 59, established 1999; Jerry Jones, pastor (2013)
- "Bowie (city), Texas". United States Census Bureau. 2013-06-27. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
- Brown, Max (2009). "The History of the Old Jail at Montague". Montague County History. Retrieved 2012-04-08.
- Jameson, W. C. (1991). "Bowie Bank Robbery Loot on the Red River". Buried Treasures of Texas. August House. pp. 97–100. ISBN 9780874831788. Retrieved 2012-04-08.
- Minor, David (2012). "Bowie, TX". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2012-04-08.
- Potter, W.R. (1913). History of Montague County. Austin, Texas: E. L. Steck. OCLC 2654305. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
- Roosevelt, Franklin (1938-07-11). Informal Remarks of the President in Bowie, Texas (Speech). From the Platform of his special train. Bowie, Texas. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Informal_Remarks_of_the_President_in_Bowie,_Texas_-_NARA_-_197802.jpg. Retrieved 2012-04-08.