Britstown

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Britstown
Church in Britstown
Church in Britstown
Britstown is located in South Africa
Britstown
Britstown
 Britstown shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 30°35′S 23°30′E / 30.583°S 23.500°E / -30.583; 23.500Coordinates: 30°35′S 23°30′E / 30.583°S 23.500°E / -30.583; 23.500
Country South Africa
Province Northern Cape
District Pixley ka Seme
Municipality Emthanjeni
Established 1877
Area[1]
 • Total 62.6 km2 (24.2 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 5,145
 • Density 82/km2 (210/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 26.7%
 • Coloured 68.4%
 • Indian/Asian 0.4%
 • White 4.0%
 • Other 0.5%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 80.9%
 • Xhosa 13.8%
 • Sotho 1.4%
 • English 1.4%
 • Other 2.5%
Postal code (street) 8782
PO box 8782
Area code 053

Britstown is a small farming town situated in the Northern Cape province of South Africa, in the Pixley ka Seme District Municipality, Emthanjeni Local Municipality. The town is named after Hans Brits who settled here after he accompanied David Livingstone on a venture into the interior.

Britstown lies in the heart of the Central Karoo and is located exactly halfway between Cape Town (via Three Sisters) and Johannesburg (via Kimberley) on the N12 national road, and thus is about 700 km from both cities. The N10 national road crosses the N12 500m outside the town. De Aar is the closest big town and lies 50 km East from Britstown on the N12.

History[edit]

In 1877 a community centre and a church was built on a section of Brits's farm. A private irrigation scheme was started by the Smartt Syndicate in 1885 and liquidated in 1954. The concern built two dams, planted lucerne and wheat. They grazed karakul sheep and Clydesdale horses. In 1961, floods destroyed the Smartt Irrigation Board Dam and it was rebuilt by the government in 1964.

Railway[edit]

Prieska-bound train entering Britstown

The railway line from De Aar to Upington and Namibia passes though the town.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sum of the Main Places Mziwabantu and Britstown from Census 2011.